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What can we learn from this skull about Prehistoric medicine? PowerPoint Presentation
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What can we learn from this skull about Prehistoric medicine?

What can we learn from this skull about Prehistoric medicine?

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What can we learn from this skull about Prehistoric medicine?

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  1. What can we learn from this skull about Prehistoric medicine? Complete the sheet with your partner

  2. What are the limitations of using archaeological evidence to learn about Prehistoric medicine? MEDICINE IN PRE-HISTORIC TIMES 1. How healthy were people? 2. What caused sickness? 3. How did they treat illnesses and injuries? 4. Who provided medical care? 5. What did they think caused illness?

  3. What’s the BIG problem with Prehistoric medicine?

  4. You have six minutes to scan over the information on page 11 and make sure you have detailed information in these three boxes. MEDICINE IN PRE-HISTORIC TIMES 1. How healthy were people? 2. What caused sickness? 3. How did they treat illnesses and injuries? 4. Who provided medical care? 5. What did they think caused illness?

  5. Prehistoric people believed that you got ill because you had evil spirits in your body. • Many of them developed osteoarthritis (painful swelling of the joints) as a result of their physically demanding lifestyles. • Trepanning or trephining was an operation in which a hole was made in a person’s head and a piece of skull was removed. This was done because they believed it would let the evil spirits out and stop the pain/illness. • We know many people survived trephining because the bone on skulls had started to grow back. • You could be treated by a medicine man or a witch doctor. A witch doctor would sometimes dress up like an animal when treating you. • Prehistoric people used herbal treatments that they had discovered. • Examples of herbal treatments from this time are chickweed leaves used to treat ulcers and violets used as an antiseptic. • The women of each family were also involved in treating illness. • Very few prehistoric people lived to be any older than 40. • Our knowledge of prehistoric medicine comes from archaeological remains and by studying the Aborigines or Australia.

  6. Ten facts you need to know aboutPRE-HISTORIC MEDICINE Please label each of these with “D & I” or “S & A” • Prehistoric people believed that you got ill because you had evil spirits in your body. • Many of them developed osteoarthritis (painful swelling of the joints) as a result of their physically demanding lifestyles. • Trepanning or trephining was an operation in which a hole was made in a person’s head and a piece of skull was removed. This was done because they believed it would let the evil spirits out and stop the pain/illness. • We know many people survived trephining because the bone on skulls had started to grow back. • You could be treated by a medicine man or a witch doctor. A witch doctor would sometimes dress up like an animal when treating you. • Prehistoric people used herbal treatments that they had discovered. • Examples of herbal treatments from this time are chickweed leaves used to treat ulcers and violets used as an antiseptic. • The women of each family were also involved in treating illness. • Very few prehistoric people lived to be any older than 40. • Our knowledge of prehistoric medicine comes from archaeological remains and by studying the Aborigines or Australia.

  7. SOURCE A: An artist’s impression of a prehistoric witch-doctor. This sketch is from a painting which was found on the walls of a cave in France.

  8. What does Source B suggest about the treatment of disease in the Pre-historic period? Answer using Source A and your own knowledge. (4 marks) SOURCE B: Prehistoric human skull of patient who has been trephined.

  9. History Home Learning • Research Sekhmet then write five sentences explaining the most important facts you have discovered. DUE TUESDAY