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ILLUSTRATION ILLUSTRATION ILLUSTRATION. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France, 20,000 years old. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France 20,000 years old. Eagle Ranch Cave Painting, Australia 4000 years old. Cave Painting Australia Date Unknown. Petroglyphs Utah. Petroglyph, Utah Freemont Period

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  2. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France, 20,000 years old

  3. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France 20,000 years old

  4. Eagle Ranch Cave Painting, Australia 4000 years old

  5. Cave Painting Australia Date Unknown

  6. Petroglyphs Utah

  7. Petroglyph, Utah Freemont Period 500AD – 1500AD

  8. Navajo Pictograph Utah, after 1540 AD

  9. Cuneiform Clay Tablet, Mesopotamia, 5000 years old

  10. Sumerian Cuneiform Script 4500 years old Egyptian Pyramid Text 3000 years old

  11. Papyrus fragment of a spell from the Book of the Dead written for Nes-pauti-taui, Egypt c. 1000 BC Heiroglyphs from the “Papyrus of Ani,” Book of the Dead Egypt, 1292 BC – 1185 BC

  12. Illustration from the Papyrus of Ani Ani and his wife bow, while the god Anubis weighs Ani’s heart against the feather of truth.

  13. Papyrus of Nany, a woman in her seventies, chantress of Amun-Re. She holds her mouth and eyes in her hand, while her heart is weighed.

  14. Maya Codices (Books) Heiroglyphics written on amatyl paper Yucatan, c. 1500 AD Many such records of Mayan civilization were destroyed by the Spanish Conquistadors and priests in 1562. Only three remain.

  15. Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts “Book of Kells” Four Gospels with Latin text Ireland, c. 800 AD

  16. Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion Ivory icon carved about 1000 AD in Constantinople. Book cover gilded silver on wood backing, set with sapphires, glass and crystal, made in Spain before 1085 AD.

  17. Hand-Written Manuscript Tempera and gold leaf with brown ink on parchment. French, c.1290 AD

  18. “The Entombment” Tempera colors and gold leaf on parchment Attributed to Masters of Dirc van Delf, Dutch Utrecht, c. 1405-1410 AD

  19. “Hours of Simon de Varie,” Illuminated by Jean Fouquet Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, & iron gall ink on parchment, covered with red morocco (soft goatskin leather). French, 1455 AD

  20. “Book of Hours,” 167 leaves of vellum Valencia, Spain, c. 1460

  21. Breviary belonging to Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots Her notes can be seen in the margins Late 1400s AD

  22. Printed Manuscripts Appear with the Renaissance Italian Bible, Book 2 Printed text with Handcolored Woodcut Illustrations

  23. “Poliphilo’s Dream about the Strife of Love” by Colonna Woodcut illustrations with printed text, Venice, 1499

  24. “The Dissection” by Johannes de Ketham Printed medical book with woodcut illustrations which have been colored using stencils or hand-pressed color blocks.

  25. “Zodiac Man” Chart combining medicine and astrology, used by doctors to determine the best time to operate or let blood from certain organs. Italian, 1400-1600 AD

  26. Modern Illustration serves many purposes Illustrated books are still used for instruction. “Gray’s Anatomy” 1977

  27. Illustrations can be used to add information to scientific or technical texts. “Large as Life, Daytime Animals” Text by Joanna Cole Illustrations by Kenneth Lilly 1985

  28. Photography and digital artwork is often used to illustrate products. Text is frequently treated as a graphic component, adding visual interest to illustrations, particularly in advertising.

  29. Illustrations can be used to provide conceptual images. “Effigia okeefeae,” related to the forbears of modern crocodiles. National Geographic, March 2007

  30. Illustrations can be used to influence. Newspaper illustration by Frederick Remington. William Randolph Hearst, owner of the paper, allegedly told Remington, “You supply the drawings. I’ll supply the war.” Such inflammatory drawings and stories influenced the decision to enter the Spanish American War in 1896.

  31. Illustrations can add a great deal to Creative Writing. In the late 1800s, illustrators created images full of action for novels and historical fiction. “On the Irrawaddy” by G.A. Henty, 1896

  32. “Five Little Peppers & How They Grew,” by Margaret Sidney, 1881

  33. Text is absorbed and understood in a linear manner. In most cultures, this travels from left to right and top to bottom. The movie Ice Age Visual images are absorbed and understood all at once. features: a mammoth, a sabertooth, a squirrel and a sloth.

  34. Text and Illustrations are both symbol systems. Language is an expression of thought. Written language is an expression of verbal language. Understanding is achieved through mastery of vocabulary, grammar and syntax. Rich mental images and emotional response are achieved through metaphor, simile, rhythm and tone. Visual images incorporate many symbols within specific cultural contexts. Illustrations provide a wide range of images, from realistic to suggestive to abstract. Through the use of color and other elements, visual images elicit emotional responses, often without engaging the language/thought process.

  35. Congruency Faithful depiction of what is written “Under the Window” by Kate Greenaway 1879

  36. Simplification Background and other information is excluded. “The Country Bunny and the Little Golden Shoes,” by Du Bose Heyward, Illustrated by Marjorie Flack 1939

  37. Elaboration An extension of what is written “The Day Jimmy’s Boa Ate the Wash” by Trinka Hakes Noble Illustration by Steven Kellogg 1980

  38. Foretelling Hinting at an event which has not happened in the story yet “Raggedy Ann and Andy and the Wishing Pebble” Illustrated by Cathy Beylon 1987

  39. Deviation When the illustrator adds visual information beyond what is written, the story can be enhanced or expanded. If the illustrator chooses to create images which are in opposition to what is written, the story can become a farce or satire.

  40. Continuous Narration Simplest type of illustration A series of pictures depict the action of the narrative. “There’s a Nightmare in My Closet” Written and illustrated by Mercer Mayer 1968

  41. Continuous Narrative Illustration is often used in books for young children who cannot read.

  42. “Owl At Home” Written & illustrated by Arnold Loble, 1975

  43. Illustrating motion can be achieved by using diagonal lines

  44. Show motion or time with multiple images

  45. Time and Change can evolve over several pages “Once There Was a Tree” Written by Natalia Romanova Illustrated by Gennady Spirin 1983

  46. Border Decorations Simple or elaborate, they tie the pages together as a whole.

  47. PerspectiveVisual interest can be added by varying the viewpoint.

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