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PC Parts PowerPoint Presentation

PC Parts

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PC Parts

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  1. PC Parts Identifying PC parts and their functions.

  2. Introduction • Personal Computers (PCs) and PC-based equipment are based on common hardware. • Here we’ll examine common hardware components.

  3. External components • Visible to the end-user • Required for the PC to function • Consist of • Case • Monitor • Keyboard • Mouse

  4. Case (we’ll look inside later) • The case is the “box” that holds the internal components of the PC. It protects those delicate components from dust and debris.

  5. Monitor • The monitor is the main output component used on a PC. It’s where the computer is able to show you what it, and you, are doing.

  6. Keyboard • The keyboard is the main input device you use with a computer or PC-based equipment.

  7. Mouse • On any PC that uses graphics (pictures), a mouse is an essential input device that allows you to control the PC.

  8. Internal Components • Remember the case? We said it contained internal components. • Internal components are the parts of the computer that do most of the work, though they are behind the scenes. • Understanding their basic functions is important to understanding the PC as a whole.

  9. Internal Components • Motherboard • CPU • Drives • Expansion cards • Memory • Power supply

  10. Motherboard • The motherboard (main board, system board) is a large circuit board which all other PC components connect to in some way.

  11. Motherboard

  12. CPU • The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain of the PC. All work done by the PC involves the CPU in some way. The CPU plugs into the motherboard.

  13. CPU

  14. Drives • There are many kinds of drives in a computer: CDROM drives, hard drives, floppy drives, ZIP drives, tape drives, pen drives. The basic function of all drives is to store information (more on this later).

  15. Hard drive

  16. Floppy drive

  17. CD- or DVD-ROM drive

  18. RAM • Random Access Memory (RAM) is memory that the CPU uses when performing its tasks. • RAM consists of chips that plug into the motherboard. • In general, the more RAM you have, the better.

  19. Expansion Cards • Expansion cards are circuit boards that plug into the motherboard to expand its capabilities. Sound cards are an example. One required expansion card is the video card, which connects to the monitor.

  20. Video card • Normally an expansion card, but sometimes built into the motherboard (integrated), the video card has 15 holes, in three rows of five.

  21. Power Supply • The power supply is crucial to the PC. It converts power from the wall outlet into power the PC can use. It powers all internal components, including the motherboard and drives.

  22. Communication Ports • In industry, non-integrated PCs must connect to external machines, such as: • CNC machines • Automobiles • Robotic devices • These connections are made via communication ports.

  23. Communication Ports • Common communication ports are: • Keyboard • Mouse • Serial • Parallel • Modem • Network Interface Card (NIC) • USB

  24. Keyboard • Barcode readers often attach to keyboard ports. • Keyboard ports appear in DIN5 and PS/2 or Mini-DIN6 (below).

  25. Mouse • Some input devices connect via a mouse port. • Common mouse ports are PS/2 (Mini-DIN6) on the left and serial (9 pin male) on the right. • Don’t connect a mouse-port device to a keyboard port.

  26. Serial • Serial ports are fairly slow ports that can transmit data over a long distance (hundreds of feet). • Serial ports are either 9 or 25 pin. • Serial ports are male (plugs) on the PC.

  27. Parallel • Parallel ports are normally used for output to printing devices. • Parallel ports are 25 pin female (socket) on the PC.

  28. Modem • Modems are normally expansion cards that contain two phone jacks. • They communicate via phone lines to remote devices.

  29. Network Interface Card (NIC) • NICs are expansion cards that connect PC devices to networks via special network cable. • Many connections to external machines are now made via NICs, which normally have one port.

  30. USB • A popular technology to connect to external devices is USB, which can support 127 devices. • USB will eventually replace keyboard, serial, and parallel ports.

  31. Compare Communications Ports • Parallel is normally used for output only. • Keyboard and mouse ports are normally input only. • Serial, NIC, Modem and USB are bi-directional (input and output).

  32. Storage Devices • Storage is easiest to think of in terms of primary and secondary. • Primary storage is used by the CPU. The primary example is RAM. Primary loses information without power. • Secondary devices can store data without power. Drives are the main secondary storage devices.

  33. 3.5 inch floppy drive

  34. Hard drive

  35. CDROM drive

  36. Storage Reminders • RAM stores information that is currently active. • Information in RAM must be saved to secondary storage or it will be lost when power is removed. • Secondary storage keeps data unless the user removes it (or the device fails).

  37. RAM vs. ROM • RAM stands for Random Access Memory • RAM changes constantly as the CPU needs different items in memory based on the user’s requests. • RAM is lost when power is removed.

  38. ROM • ROM stands for Read Only Memory • ROM does not change. • ROM is not lost when the power is removed from a PC. • ROM stores key instructions that the computer needs to boot up and operate.

  39. Overview • The PC consists of common external and internal components. • Each component has a specific task. • Communication ports connect to external devices. • Storage devices are classified and primary or secondary.

  40. For additional information: Check out