HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY ( The past ) • First holstein cattle has been imported from North America on 1930 • Since 1930 to 1980 70.000 holsteins have been arrived from USA ( both registered and grade ) and Canada ( registered only) • First cattle were bulls and heifers from Carnation farm • On early 1970 A.I. became massive and most of the semen was imported. • First A.I. italians bulls were imported too.
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY • -Total holstein cows: 1.400.000 • Registered holstein cows : 1.100.000 • Average herd size : 80 cows • First calf type classification: 247.000 • Average production: Milk 9.052 Fat 3,68% Protein 3,34 %
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY 2008 Italian Dairy Cow Population % registered / Recorded % registered / Total Dairy Cows
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY SELECTION OBJECTIVES Identification of traits for improvement - Improve milk quality: protein and fat content appropriate for fresh consumption and for cheese transformation; - Improve milk quantity, i.e. protein kg; - Improve functional longevity, i.e. ability of a healthy animal to remain longer on the farm, taking into account genetic ability for milk production. DATA COLLECTION - Performance data (production, conformation, somatic cells, calving ease and milkability) Production control each month, by an APA operator; - Animal identification including its parents.
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY 2007 • Linear EVALUATION • The 21 Anafi inspectors valuate all the 1° calf cows ( ~250.000) • SCORE Composition • 20% Frame • 20% Dairy Strength • 20% Feet&Legs • 40% Udder System • MAX Score • 88 points for 1° calf (~10 cows for year) • EX 90 points for 2°calf • Ex >90 from 3rd calf • Actual 2 live cows with 97 points
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY 2007 • Linear EVALUATION • Frame • Stature and Balance (30%) • Rump and Top Line (50%) • Forepart Setting (20%) • Dairy Strength • Chest Wide • Body Depth • Angularity • Body Condition • Udder Texture
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY 2007 • Linear EVALUATION • Feet & Legs • Foot Angle • Heel Depth • Rear Leg Side View • Legs Functionallity • Udder System • Fore Udder • Rear Udder Height • Rear Udder Width • Udder Cleft • Udder Depth • Fore and Rear Teats Position • Teats Size • Balance of the Quarters
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY 2007 GENETIC EVALUATION Accurate separation of environmental contribution from genetic in a given performance - Test Day Animal Model for production trait and somatic cell score; - Animal model for conformation and milkability; - Sire model for calving ease; - Three annual releases of production, conformation, longevity, somatic cells and fertility indexes: January, April, August.
PFT ( Production, Functional & Type ) 2007 • MILK 0,0 - TYPE 0,4 • FAT KG 1,2 - FEET&LEGS 0,6 • PROT KG 4,2 - UDDER COMP. 1,3 • FAT % 0,2 - SOM. CELLS 1,0 • PROT % 0,4 - LONGEVITY 0,8 • Italian Bulls are proven with the Test Day Model System
HOLSTEIN BREED IN ITALY 2007 Admission Requirements Herd of origin Free by Tubercolosis, Brucellosis and Leukemia virus Bull sires In the top 1% of Holstein –Friesian for Pft Bull dams In the top 2% of the breed for Pft At least 81 point in first classification and GP in udder DNA test Young bulls Negative for Tubercolosis, Blue Tongue, Brucellosis, Leukemia virus, IBR, Campylobacter foetus, leptospirosis, BVD and trithricomonas foetus Free by recessive genes Checked for functionality of reproductive system
SEMENZOO BRIEF HISTORY • -Semenzoo Italy has been created on 1990 by Semenitaly and Elpzoo in order to supply foreign market. • Few yearslater CIZ, Intermizoo and Genetica2000 joined Semenzoo Italy, wich became the most important Italian A.I. organization for export • Today all italians A.I. studs and all nationals breed associations are Semenzoo Italy members
SEMENZOO MEMBERS CIZ 70 Holstein young bulls 40 brownswiss ELPZOO 80 Holstein GENETICA2000 40 Holstein 5 Brownswiss INTERMIZOO 90 Holstein SEMENITALY 70 Holstein
SEMENZOO IN THE WORLD - Semenzoo is exporting semen to over than 70 different countries. - Italian bulls as Mtoto, Skywalker, Tugolo and Ford are successful Sire of sons all over the world - Italian bulls daughters are great show winners in many countries - Worldwide customer satisfaction is very high
SEMENZOO STARS - SABBIONA BOOKIE - CAROL PRELUDE MTOTO - SABBIONA SKYWALKER - OLMO PRELUDE TUGOLO - BOSS IRON - ALZI JUROR FORD - FANTASY BRITT GAP
Editor • Patron Sabre x Rudolph x Prelude x Tong • Calving easy • High milk flow with positive % • Strong fore attachment
Escargot • R.Marshall x Mtoto x Bellwood x Leadman • Extreme milk production • +2,50 Udder • K-Casein BB
Britt • Rudolph x Nick x Blackstar x C.Mark • more than 15000 daugters • Calving ease and Fertility • High milk with low CSC
Pianeta • Morty x Mtoto x Corsaro • +4,15 locomotion • High production • More than + 2,30 for Type ,Udder and F&L