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Draw the Outline—11 petals

Draw the Outline—11 petals. Countercultures and Movements of the Sixties. ‘‘ Flower Power’’ and Our Favorite Causes. Music of a Movement : Bob Dylan. Blowin ’ in the Wind Like a Rolling Stone The Times, They are a Changin ’. Personal issues became political issues and

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Draw the Outline—11 petals

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  1. Draw the Outline—11 petals

  2. Countercultures and Movements of the Sixties ‘‘Flower Power’’ and Our Favorite Causes

  3. Music of a Movement: Bob Dylan • Blowin’ in the Wind • Like a Rolling Stone • The Times, They are a Changin’

  4. Personal issues becamepolitical issues and political issues becamepersonal issues

  5. I. Black Nationalism/Black Power • The Black Power Movementadvocatedpersonal, political and economic control of African American lives • MLK—SCLC--Nobel Prize in 1965—assassinated in 1968 • Malcolm X—Nation of Islam (assassinated in 1965) • Stokely Carmichael—SNCC • Huey Newton—Black Panthers

  6. II. Women’sLiberation—EqualRightsMovement • Feminism—theory of social, political, and economicequality of men and women • Education: CollegeDegrees for women 1950—25% 1970—43% • Economics—Women made significantlyless money than men • Marriage—averageage in 1960—19

  7. Landmarks in Women’sRights • Betty Friedan’sThe Feminine Mystique—1963 • Friedanwas first President of National Organization of Women (NOW)—1966

  8. ‘‘The problemlayburied, unspoken, for manyyears in the minds of American women. It was a strangestirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearningthatwomensuffered….Eachsuburbanwifestruggledwithitalone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries, matchedslipcovermaterial, atepeanut butter sandwiches withherchildren, chauffeuredCub Scouts and Brownies, laybesideherhusband at night—shewasafraid to askeven of herself the silent question— ‘Is this all?’’’ Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique

  9. ‘‘ Ms. ’’ • MS Magazine wasstarted by Gloria Steinem

  10. EqualPayAct—1963 • Title VII of the Civil RightsAct of 1964 • Title IX • Affirmative Action • EEOC—EqualEmploymentOpportunity Commission • The EqualCreditOpportunityAct of 1974 • The Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade—1973 • EqualRightsAmendmentproposed in 1972—died in 1982 after passage by lessthan 38 states (Texas passedit)

  11. Hitting the ‘‘Glass Ceiling’’

  12. III. Native Americans • AIM—American IndianMovement—founded in 1968 • Efforts to reclaim Native culture thatwashindered by years of boardingschooleducations • Occupation of Alcatraz--1969-70 for 19 months • March on Washington—1972 • Occupation of WoundedKnee—71 day stand-off

  13. In 1973, Brando turned down the Oscar, citingthat Hollywood needed to improve the image of the Native American in films.

  14. Tribal Life • Oil development • Casinos • Federal and tribal law

  15. IV. Latinos—Chicano Movement • Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and the United FarmWorkers led national boycotts • Hector Garcia, Civil Rights Leader in Texas

  16. Court Cases • Mendez v. Westminster (1947)—repealed school segregation laws for children of all races in California • Delgado v. Bastrop (1948)—stopped segregation of Mexican-American children in Texas schools • Hernandez v. Texas (1954)—Mexican Americans, though not a separate race, were still entitled to protections of the 14th Amendment • White v. Regester(1973)--required legislative districts of Mexican American barrios to elect their own candidates into office • Edgewood v. Kirby (1984)—required changes in school finance to increase funding for students in poorer school districts.

  17. Other concerns… • Bilingual education • fair pay • Political clout • Immigration • Note: Immigration Law of 1965 allowed equal numbers of people from all continents (good for Asia and Africa, bad for Latin America)

  18. V. Free Speech Movement and Students for a Democratic Society

  19. Effects on college life • Student government • Co-ed dorms • Relevant courses

  20. VI. The Anti-WarMovement • CollegeDemonstrations • The Draft • Draftdodgers • Summer of Love—1967 • Woodstock—1969 • Kent State—1970 • Disenfranchisement • 26th Amendment--1971 Read “Bill’s Dilemma”

  21. VII. Environmentalists

  22. Rachel Carson’sSilentSpring • Pesticides and Food laws • ‘‘Don’t mess with Texas’’ • Clean Air Act • Earth Day—April 22 • Anti-Emissions Legislation • Alternative Energy • Recycling

  23. VIII. Americans With Disabilties Act (passed in 1973, amended 1990) • Access to all public buildings required • Amenities in restrooms, public buildings, classrooms • Special programs in education, health care fields etc.

  24. IX. Education Changes • Head Start • Public Television • Federal grants for arts and sciences • Teaching the individual • Texas— “no pass no play” • State testing requirements • “No child left behind” G.W.Bush • “Race to the Top” Obama

  25. X. Gay Rights • The law • 1960s and 70s • 1980s and AIDS • 90s and 2000s • Windsor v. U.S. • As of 2014, fourteen states have legalized gay marriage (Texas is not one of them)

  26. XI. Consumer Advocacy • Unsafe at Any Speed—book by Nader • Ralph Nader—spokesman for consumer rights and third party presidential candidate in 90s and 2000 • Federal Consumer Advocate—recent appointment

  27. Everybody has a cause… • Animal rights • Pro-Life/Pro-Choice

  28. Terms • 3. Chicanos—Mexican-Americans • 5. Credibility Gap—lack of confidence by the public that the federal government is telling the truth (especially about the war in Vietnam) • 7. The Establishment—the existing power structure in society • 8. Title IX— “no one shall, because of sex, be denied the benefits of any educational program or activity that receives federal aid” • 9. Job Corps—federal job training program for disadvantaged youths • 10. Equal Pay Act—requires businesses to pay women the same as men • 11. Roe v. Wade (1973)—Supreme Court ruling declaring that abortion is legal

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