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Small Group Projects

Small Group Projects

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Small Group Projects

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  1. Small Group Projects Learning to Speak Speaking to Learn

  2. Teaching Oral Communication

  3. -Establish effective atmosphere Teaching Oral Communication

  4. -Establish effective atmosphere -Teach specific skills Teaching Oral Communication

  5. -Establish effective atmosphere -Teach specific skills -Low risk opportunities to practice Teaching Oral Communication

  6. -Establish effective atmosphere -Teach specific skills -Low risk opportunities to practice -Assignments integrate skills with content Teaching Oral Communication

  7. -Establish effective atmosphere -Teach specific skills -Low risk opportunities to practice -Assignments integrate skills with content -Make assignments and grading criteria explicit Teaching Oral Communication

  8. -Establish effective atmosphere -Teach specific skills -Low risk opportunities to practice -Assignments integrate skills with content -Make assignments and grading criteria explicit -Offer effective, concrete feedback Teaching Oral Communication

  9. -Establish effective atmosphere -Teach specific skills -Low risk opportunities to practice -Assignments integrate skills with content -Make assignments and grading criteria explicit -Offer effective, concrete feedback -Repeat Teaching Oral Communication

  10. An Effective Atmosphere

  11. Small Group Communication Skills

  12. Definitions -3-30 people (depends on function) -Share a common task -Communicate face to face -Interact with and influence one another -Membership may be assigned or self-selected Small Group Communication Skills

  13. Small Groups Are Systems Members play roles in system One member plays many roles Roles overlap Small Group Communication Skills

  14. Small Groups Are Systems Formal/Informal Task/Maintenance/Procedure Small Group Communication Skills

  15. Task Roles Record Report Research Clarify Initiate Coordinate Devil’s Advocate Task Specific Roles Small Group Communications Skills

  16. Maintenance Roles Support/Encourage Relieve tension Expedite communication Monitor and manage conflicts Small Group Communication Skills

  17. Procedural Roles Arrange/Call meetings Communicate with members Provide copies Arrange space Create/Monitor agenda Create/Monitor member and group tasks Small Group Communication Skills

  18. Dysfunctional Roles Controller Distracter Blocker Cynic Ghost Small Group Communication Skills

  19. Inherent Problems Time Conflict Evaluation Small Group Communication Skills

  20. Solving Inherent Problems Time In Small Group Discussion of expectations Topic management Use of agendas Final review of time and tasks for next meeting Small Group Communication Skills

  21. Solving Inherent Problems Problem-Solving Agendas Small Group Communication Skills

  22. Conflict Management

  23. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Procedural Substantive Personal Dysfunctional Roles Small Group Communication Skills

  24. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Procedural Usually minor Address it directly in meeting Small Group Communication Skills

  25. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Substantive How important is the disagreement? How strongly do members feel? Small Group Communication Skills

  26. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Substantive Resolution can be forced Imposed by leader Direct compromise Vote Small Group Communication Skills

  27. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Substantive Resolution can come from consensus Make conflict clear Discuss both sides respectfully Focus on specific issue/listen actively Summarize strengths of each argument Look for common ground Take a break Small Group Communication Skills

  28. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Interpersonal Encourage individuals to: Sleep on it Check with 3rd person Define/identify/state specific conflict Identify exactly what outcome he/she wants Work for good outcome and let it go Small Group Communication Skills

  29. Solving Inherent Problems Conflict Management Dysfunctional Members Identify specific role Most common are controller, blocker, ghost Small Group Communication Skills

  30. Controller/Blocker: -Wait for pause then state your opinion or ask for opinion of others -If interrupted – “Wait, let me finish…” -”I’m concerned we’re running out of time and we haven’t heard from everyone.” -”Ok. I think we get it. What does everybody else think?” -”I thought we’d already discussed this. Does anyone else feel the need to talk about it again?” Small Group Communication Skills

  31. Ghost: Identify and address reasons: Anxious or shy – Encourage and support Irresponsible or lazy - Confront without venting “We’re all getting graded on this. We’re all evaluating one another. We all need to do the work.” Small Group Communication Skills

  32. Assigning Group Projects

  33. -Focus on specific skills Group Assignments

  34. -Focus on specific skills -Integrate skills with class content and time limitations Group Assignments

  35. -Focus on specific skills -Integrate skills with class content and time limitations -Make product meaningful Group Assignments

  36. -Focus on specific skills -Integrate skills with class content and time limitations -Make product meaningful -Ask for focused and coherent product Group Assignments

  37. -Focus on specific skills -Integrate skills with class content and time limitations -Make product meaningful -Ask for focused and coherent product -Include substantial written component Group Assignments

  38. -Focus on specific skills -Integrate skills with class content and time limitations -Make product meaningful -Ask for focused and coherent product -Include substantial written component -Ask for student evaluations of themselves and the group experience Group Assignments

  39. Simple Tasks -Generate and support arguments and counter-arguments -Draw up lists of similarities and differences -List items from experience/observation -Respond to writing or reading -Generate list of ideas -Generate list of questions about reading/assignment and identify most important ones -Make categories and populate them -Find evidence for conclusion -Diagnose/Analyze problem Group Assignments

  40. Project Evaluation

  41. -What you don’t evaluate, they don’t see as important Project Evaluation

  42. -What you don’t evaluate, they don’t see as important -Evaluation is strategic communication Project Evaluation