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Bioinformatics Jargon 101

Bioinformatics Jargon 101

Nucleotide/Base/Phosphate DNA/cDNA RNA/mRNA/tRNA/rRNA Protein/Amino Acid Sequence/Sequencing Homology/Orthology/ Paralogy/Analogy Exon/Intron/Intergenic region Genetic code/Codon Splicing/Alternative splicing. Species/System/Tissue/ Organ/Cell/Organelle

By Albert_Lan
(450 views)

Cloning Newt Melanocortin Receptors

Cloning Newt Melanocortin Receptors

Oregon State University. Cloning Newt Melanocortin Receptors. Jeremy Gregory HHMI Summer 2004. Dr. Frank Moore Department of Zoology. molecular connection. HORMONES. BEHAVIOR. transcriptional regulation. membrane receptor. SLOW. RAPID. signal. response. response. response. cell.

By jacob
(216 views)

mitochondrio n

mitochondrio n

Types of nucleic acids DNA: In nucleus but some in the mitochondria Replicated to form copy of DNA in cell division; Transcribed to form RNA RNA: In nucleus and mitochondria and cytoplasm. rRNA – ribosomal RNA for ribosome for translation of mRNA to form protein

By thyra
(99 views)

温故而知新

温故而知新

温故而知新. 1 、生物的性状或生命的主要功能由什么物质承担?. 蛋白质. 2 、基因与性状之间是什么关系?. 控制. 体现. 蛋白质. 性状. 基因. 基因通过指导蛋白质的合成来控制性状,这个过程就是 基因的表达 。 (P61). 第四章 基因的表达. 4.1 基因指导蛋白质的合成. 第 1 课时(转录)学习目标: 复习并掌握 DNA 与 RNA 之间的区别与联系; 明确 RNA 的种类和功能 ; 阐述 遗传信息转录的过程 ; 总结 遗传信息转录的要点 ; 比较 DNA 复制和遗传信息的转录。. ?. 翻译. 转录.

By acacia
(165 views)

CA García Sepúlveda MD PhD

CA García Sepúlveda MD PhD

Tema 8 mRNA, tRNA y rRNA. CA García Sepúlveda MD PhD. Laboratorio de Genómica Viral y Humana Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí. Tema 8. RNA Introducción. mRNAs are single stranded RNA molecules

By isra
(149 views)

第 三 章 核 酸

第 三 章 核 酸

第 三 章 核 酸. 核酸. 第一节 概 述. DNA 脱氧核糖核酸 RNA 核糖核酸. RNA 分类. 信使 RNA(mRNA) :蛋白质合成的直接模板 --- 最大 ; 转运 RNA(tRNA) :转运氨基酸的工具 --- 最小 ; 核糖体 RNA(rRNA) :与蛋白质构成核糖体 --- 最多 ; 不均一核 RNA ( hnRNA ): mRNA 前体; 核小 RNA ( snRNA ):促进 mRNA 成熟。. DNA RNA 核( % ) 98 <10 浆( % ) 2 >90.

By myra
(263 views)

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis. Translation Code Section 3. Biology Fall 2012. Bell Ringer. Write a word map that describes transcription: Write a word map that describes translation:. Objectives. Compare the structure of RNA with that of DNA

By eve
(84 views)

第六章 RNA 的生物合成

第六章 RNA 的生物合成

第六章 RNA 的生物合成. DNA 携带的遗传信息(基因)传递给 RNA 分子的过程称转录( transcription )。 在生物界, RNA 合成有两种方式:一是 DNA 指导的 RNA 合成,此为生物体内的主要合成方式。另一种是 RNA 指导的 RNA 合成,此种方式常见于病毒。转录产生的初级转录本是 RNA 前体( RNA precursor ),需经加工过程( processing )方具有生物学活性。. 一、转录基本特点. 反应体系: DNA 模板 ,NTP, 酶, Mg2+,Mn2+ ,合成方向 5'→3' 。连接方式 -- 3' , 5' 磷酸二酯键。

By nancy
(308 views)

第三节 基因控制蛋白质的合成

第三节 基因控制蛋白质的合成

第三节 基因控制蛋白质的合成. 电影《侏罗纪公园》中恐龙复活的场景. 从恐龙化石中提取出恐龙 DNA, 真的可以使恐龙复活吗?. 基因的概念. 基因:. 是有 遗传效应 的 DNA 片段 ; 并且在染色体上呈直线排列 。. 黄身. 白眼. 红宝石眼. 截翅. 每个基因控制着不同的性状。. 朱红眼. 深红眼. 棒眼. 短粗毛. 果蝇某一条染色体的 DNA 上的几个基因. DNA 的所有片段都是基因吗 ?. 当然不是 ; 基因是指具有遗传效应的 DNA 片段, DNA 分子上有许多基因,同时也有许多没有遗传效应的片段,这些片段并不是基因。.

By shima
(159 views)

医 学 遗 传 学

医 学 遗 传 学

医 学 遗 传 学. 遗传的分子基础. 第三章 遗传的分子基础. 一、 DNA 的化学组成和分子结构. 二、 DNA 的存在形式. 三、真核基因的结构与功能. 四、 DNA 突变及损伤的修复. 一、 DNA 的化学组成和分子结构 (deoxyribonucleic acid). (一) DNA 的化学组成. 单核苷酸( nucleotide ). 核酸基本单位. 脱氧核糖. 磷酸. 嘧啶:T、C. 含氮有机碱 (碱基). 嘌呤:A、G. 嘧 啶. 胞嘧啶 C cytosine. 胸腺嘧啶 T thymine. 碱 基.

By jane-mcgee
(113 views)

Transcription

Transcription

Transcription. Central Dogma. DNA RNA Protein. Transcription. Translation. The Players. mRNA : messenger RNA, transports DNA “code” from nucleus to ribosome tRNA : transfer RNA, transfers amino acids from cytoplasm to ribosome Codons : sequence of 3 bases that code for one amino acid

By wbell
(22 views)

DNA

DNA

DNA. D eoxyribo N ucleic A cid. Chemical code containing the information needed for an organism’s growth and function. History. 1952– Rosalind Franklin used an X-ray crystallography technique to discover that DNA is made of two spiral chains. History.

By crystalallen
(1 views)

Tema 8 mRNA, tRNA y rRNA

Tema 8 mRNA, tRNA y rRNA

Tema 8 mRNA, tRNA y rRNA. CA García Sepúlveda MD PhD Last updated Jan 2019. Laboratorio de Genómica Viral y Humana Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí. Tema 8. RNA Introducción. mRNAs are single stranded RNA molecules

By josephross
(2 views)

Inheritance and the Structure of DNA

Inheritance and the Structure of DNA

Inheritance and the Structure of DNA. Deoxyribonucleic Acid. DNA Discovery Timeline. 1928 -Frederick Griffith transforming factor (material carrying genetic info) 1944 -James Watson and Francis Crick discovered that DNA was the transforming factor 

By kdavid
(1 views)

Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis

Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis

Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis. Learning Objectives. Identify the genetic code and explain how it is read. Summarize the process of translation. Describe the central dogma of molecular biology. The Genetic Code.

By loehr
(1 views)

Protein Synthesis

Protein Synthesis

Protein Synthesis. (TRANSLATION). Why is protein very important?. It is the essential structural part of every cell It performs multiple important roles in all biological processes. No life without protein How they are synthesised???. Central Dogma. Central Dogma.

By jtrudeau
(0 views)

DNA - The Stuff of Life

DNA - The Stuff of Life

DNA - The Stuff of Life. DNA. Deoxyribonucleic Acid The HEREDITARY molecule CONTROLLING the ACTIVITIES of the cell. DNA Structure. WATSON and CRICK proposed the structure in 1952 Others worked on the structure. DNA Structure. NUCLEOTIDE The BUILDING block of the DNA ladder.

By thamner
(5 views)

Nucleic acids & Proteins

Nucleic acids & Proteins

Nucleic acids & Proteins. Molecular Genetics. َ At the end of this session, you should answer this questions: 1. What is DNA and its structure? 2. What is RNA and its types, structure and functions? 3. What is proteom?. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid). Nucleic acids: 1. DNA

By wilsonjudy
(3 views)

Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis

Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis

Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis. Learning Objectives. Identify the genetic code and explain how it is read. Summarize the process of translation. Describe the central dogma of molecular biology. The Genetic Code.

By grennie
(10 views)


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