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5 Major Printing Processes

5 Major Printing Processes

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5 Major Printing Processes

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  1. 5 Major Printing Processes What to know about each: Substrate Image Carrier Image Area Non-Image Area

  2. Ink-Jet Toner-Based (Electrostatic) Digital Printing

  3. Ink-Jet Products • Small Quantity Print Runs • Posters & Signs • Large Format • Billboards • Specialty Wraps Digital Printing

  4. Toner-Based Products • Low-Medium Quantities • Full-Color Printing • Books • Business Cards • Postcards • Custom Products • Fliers • Brochures • Photo Copies Digital Printing

  5. Screen Printing Screen Prints Substrate – Paper, Plastic, Fabrics, etc. Image Carrier – Stenciled Screen Image Area – No stencil, open pores of screen Non-Image Area – blocked by stencil

  6. Screen Printing Screen Printed Products Shirts Hats Signs

  7. Lithography Printing(Offset) Water and Oil DO NOT Mix

  8. Lithography Printing(Offset Printing) Substrate – Paper Image Carrier – Flat Plate Image Area – Positive areas Non-Image Area – Negative Areas

  9. Lithography Printing(Offset Printing) Offset Printed Products Large Quantities Books Newspapers Brochures Flyers

  10. Relief Printing(Flexography)

  11. Substrate – Paper Image Carrier – Flat Plate, or wrapped around cylinder Image Area – Top surface of plate Non-Image Area – removed, below surface of plate. Relief Printing(Flexography)

  12. Relief Printing(Flexography) Flexography Printed Products Packaging Plastic Grocery Bags

  13. Non-Image Area Image etched into cylinder. Ink sets in applied to the etched areas. Gravure Printing Image Area

  14. Gravure Printing Substrate – Paper Image Carrier – Image Etched into Plate Image Area – Below Surface of Plate Non-Image Area – Surface of Plate

  15. Gravure Printing Gravure Printed Products Extremely Long Press Runs Catalogs Magazines Currency Plastic Packaging