Verbal Intensity Now that we have your attention, we are going to discuss verb tense.
What is it??? • Also known as grammatical tense • One of five, yes five, main qualities of verb expression. Other qualities include along with mood, voice, aspect, and person • There are 12 verb tenses in English which can take place in the past, present and or future
The 12 Verb Tenses include: Past: The regular verb to make is Simple = made Progressive = was/were making Perfect = had made Perfect Progressive = had been making
Present: the regular verb to make is: Simple = make/makes Progressive = am/is/are making Perfect = has/ have made Perfect Progressive = has / have been making
Future: The regular verb to make is: Simple = will make Progressive = will be making Perfect = will have made Perfect Progressive = will have been making
Here are some examples of: • time markers
Time Markers • Time markers are time expressions or signal words that can help you when dealing with verb tense.
Past Simple = yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week/month/year, a few minutes/two hours/five years ago Progressive = while, when, as, at that time/moment Perfect / Perfect Progressive = before, after, by the time, already
Present Simple = rarely, sometimes, regularly, always, every week/day/time/year, usually Progressive = now, right now, at present, today, these days, nowadays, currently, presently Perfect / Perfect Progressive = since, for, already, yet, just, so far, until now, several/four/many times
Future Simple = tonight, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, later, next week/month/year, in 2005, for the next 2 years/days/months Progressive = in 2005, for the next 2 years/days/months Perfect / Perfect Progressive = by (a future point in time), by this time next year
Now for a Verb Tense Quiz… 1) I promised Jack that I _____ go to the hockey game with him on FridayA) willB) had toC) mustD) would 2) I painted the house and it _____ out better than I expected.A) had turnedB) would have turnedC) turnsD) turned 3) The test starts at 1:00pm. We_______ be back by that time.A) mustB) oughtC) canD) should 4) I _______ for a swim but I changed my mind.A) wasn't going to goB) won't go toC) isn't going toD)wasn't going
Answers • I promised Jack that I would go to the hockey game with him on Friday. (D) • I painted the house and it turned out better than I expected. (D) • The test starts at 1:00pm. We must be back by that time. (A) • I wasn't going to gofor a swim but I changed my mind. (A)