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MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646) PowerPoint Presentation
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MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

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MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

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  1. MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server Administration (Exam #70-646) Chapter 3 Configuring the Windows Server 2008 Environment

  2. Learning Objectives • Use Server Manager and ServerManagerCmd.exe to manage a server • Install and remove server roles • Configure server hardware • Configure the operating system • Understand and configure the Registry MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  3. Learning Objectives (cont’d.) • Use the Security Configuration Wizard to harden a server • Install and use Windows PowerShell MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  4. Using Server Manager • Server Manager • Consolidates administrative functions • Roles Summary feature • Displays log information • Two panels • Left panel – Roles, Features, Diagnostics, Configuration, torage • Right panel – Server Summary, Roles Summary, Features Summary, Resources and Support MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  5. Figure 3-1 Server Manager window Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  6. Using Server Manager (cont’d.) • Actions panel • Shown when drilling-down into functions • Activity 3-1: Getting to Know Server Manager • Objective: Learn how to start and use Server Manager MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  7. Figure 3-2 Starting Server Manager Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  8. Installing and Removing Server Roles • Common roles • File server • Print server • Roles change over time • Activity 3-2: Installing and Removing Two Server Roles • Objective: Install and then remove the File Services and Print Services roles in Windows Server 2008 MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  9. Using ServerManagerCmd.exe • ServerManagerCmd.exe • Command-line tool for managing server roles • Manage features to be added/removed • Run parameters in XML answer file MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  10. Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) • Activities supported by ServerManagerCmd.exe: • Install and remove roles or features • Determine installed roles and features • Use whatif option • Restart computer • Specify features to install with role • Use XML-based answer file to install or remove roles MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  11. Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) • Executed from command line • Access Command Prompt window from Administrator account • Roles and features identified by IDs • Activity 3-3: Running ServerManagerCmd.exe • Objective: Use the ServerManagerCmd.exe command to install and query server roles MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  12. Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) Table 3-1 ServerManagerCmd.exe options MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  13. Using ServerManagerCmd.exe (cont’d.) Table 3-2 Major IDs for server roles MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  14. Configuring Server Hardware Devices • Both Plug and Play and Add Hardware Wizard used • Hardware includes: • Disk drives • Disk controllers • Network adapters • CD/DVD drives • Keyboard • Pointing devices • Monitor MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  15. Plug and Play • Ability to automatically detect and configure newly installed hardware devices • PnP must be • Built into device • Enabled in BIOS • Built into operating system kernel • Almost universally supported MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  16. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard • Use Add Hardware Wizard • Manually launch PnP • Manually install without PnP • Troubleshoot problems with existing hardware • Start from Control Panel • Control Panel Home vs. Classic View • In Classic View: • Double-click Add Hardware applet MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  17. Figure 3-4 Selecting the Add Hardware applet to start the Add Hardware Wizard Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  18. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) • Device Manager • Resources include interrupt request (IRQ) line, I/O address, and reserved memory range • Resource conflicts can occur • Use Device Manager to check for conflicts and examine properties MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  19. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) • Other uses: • Verify if installed hardware is working properly • Update device drivers • Disable a device • Uninstall a device • Configure the settings for a device • Activity 3-4: Resolving a Resource Conflict • Objective: Use Device Manager to resolve a resource conflict MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  20. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) Figure 3-5 Device Manager Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  21. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) • Driver Signing • Digital signature used to verify a driver • Warning when driver device not signed • Unsigned device drivers cannot be loaded in x64 versions • Using the System File Checker • Scan system files for integrity • Activity 3-5: Manually Running the System File Checker • Objective: Use the System File Checker to verify system files MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  22. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) Figure 3-6 Running System File Checker Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  23. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) • Using Sigverif to Verify System and Critical Files • Only scans files • Does not overwrite inappropriate files • Activity 3-6: Verifying Critical Files for a Signature • Objective: Use Sigverif to find unsigned files MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  24. Using Control Panel and the Add Hardware Wizard (cont’d.) Figure 3-7 Scanning with Sigverif Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  25. Configuring the Operating System • Configure to: • Optimize performance • Meet specific requirements MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  26. Configuring Performance Options • Basic areas: • Processor scheduling and memory usage • Virtual memory • Memory for network performance • Configuring Processor Scheduling and Data Execution Prevention • Background services • Programs • Data Execution Prevention (DEP) MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  27. Configuring Performance Options • Activity 3-7: Configuring Processor Scheduling and DEP Figure 3-9 Configuring Data Execution Prevention Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  28. Configuring Performance Options (cont’d.) • Configuring Virtual Memory • Virtual memory • Paging • Paging file • Location • Activity 3-8: Configuring the Paging File • Objective: Learn where to configure the initial and maximum size of the paging file MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  29. Configuring Performance Options (cont’d.) Figure 3-10 Configuring virtual memory Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  30. Configuring Performance Options (cont’d.) • Configuring Direct Memory Access for Hard Disks • Transfer modes: Program Input/Output (PIO) and Direct Memory Access (DMA) • Activity 3-9: Configuring the DMA Transfer Mode • Objective: Determine the transfer mode used by a hard drive and set it to DMA, if necessary MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  31. Configuring Environment Variables • Tell operating system where to find programs, allocate memory, and control programs • Categories • System environment variables • User environment variables • Activity 3-10: Configuring System and Environment Variables • Objective: Learn where to configure system and user environment variables MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  32. Configuring Startup and Recovery • System startup options: • Default operating system • Display list of operating systems • Display list of recovery options • System failure options: • Writing to system log (cannot be disabled) • Start automatically after failure • How and where to write debugging information MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  33. Configuring Startup and Recovery (cont’d.) • Activity 3-11: Configuring Startup and Recovery • Objective: Configure startup and recovery options Figure 3-12 Configuring a system startup option Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  34. Configuring Power Options • Select power plan • Require wakeup password • Choose power button function • Shut down, do nothing, or hibernate • Create power plan • When to turn off display • Activity 3-12: Configuring Power Options • Objective: Configure the balanced power plan MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  35. Configuring Power Options (cont’d.) Figure 3-13 Power Options dialog box Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  36. Installing a Protocol • Microsoft Virtual Network Switch Protocol • Used when Hyper-V role installed • Reliable Multicast Protocol • Used for multimedia transmissions • Activity 3-13: Installing a Protocol • Objective: Learn to install a protocol MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  37. Installing a Protocol (cont’d.) Figure 3-14 Selecting to install a protocol Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  38. Understanding the Windows Server 2008 Registry • Windows Server 2008 Registry • Database containing information for operating system • Examples of data in Registry • Registry Editor • Lunched from Start button Run option • Type regedit32 or regedit MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  39. Understanding the Windows Server 2008 Registry (cont’d.) Figure 3-15 Registry Editor Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  40. Understanding the Windows Server 2008 Registry (cont’d.) • Precautions when editing Registry • Establish group of administrators who can access and modify • Remove this permission from other users • Edit Registry as last resort • Back up Registry regularly • Never copy Registry from one computer to another MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  41. Registry Contents • Hierarchical structure • Keys • Subkeys • Entries • Root keys (subtrees): • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE • HKEY_CURRENT_USER • HKEY_USERS • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT • HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  42. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE • Information on every hardware component in the server • Subkeys: • BCD00000000, COMPONENTS, HARDWARE, SAM, SECURITY, SOFTWARE, and SYSTEM • Hives • Set of subkeys with related information MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  43. HKEY_CURRENT_USER • Contains information about desktop setup • For account presently logged on to server console • Example changes: • Environment parameter governing where application temporary files are stored • Delay in the response of the keyboard MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  44. HKEY_USERS • Contains profile information for each user who has logged onto the computer • Each profile listed under root key MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  45. HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT • Holds data to associate file extensions with programs • Used as defaults for all users who log on to Windows Server 2008 • Can modify for particular user under HKEY_USERS MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  46. HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG • Information about the current hardware profile • Only one default hardware profile on most servers • Activity 3-14: Using the Registry Editor • Objective: Practice using the Registry Editor to view the Registry contents MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  47. Using the Security Configuration Wizard • Analyze and configure security settings • Adjusts security settings to match roles • Establish security policy using: • GUI interactive wizard • Database • Command-line tool scwcmd • Activity 3-15: Using SCW to Configure a Security Policy • Objective: Create a new security policy MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  48. Using the Security Configuration Wizard (cont’d.) Figure 3-18 Creating a new security policy Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  49. Using the Security Configuration Wizard (cont’d.) • Activity 3-16: Using scwcmd • Objective: View security policy settings using the scwcmd command-line command Table 3-3 scwcmd command-line options MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

  50. Windows PowerShell • Script • File of commands • cmdlets • Specialized commands for completing common tasks in PowerShell • PowerShell tasks • Installing PowerShell • Activity 3-17: Using Windows PowerShell • Objective: Use traditional Command Prompt commands and cmdlets in Windows PowerShell MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server Administration (Exam #70-646)