What You Will Do • Identify changeable risk factors that affect your levels of health and personal fitness. • Describe lifestyle choices that can improve overall levels of fitness and offset negative factors. • Define stress and describe activities that you can use for stress reduction. • Identify risk factors for developing heart disease.
risk factors heredity stress Terms to Know
Risk Factors and Your Behavior Your life expectancy and the quality of your life will be influenced by how well you maintain your functional health and fitness.
Term to Know Risk factors Conditions and behaviors that represent a potential threat to an individual’s well-being. Personal Fitness and Risk Factors Achieving and maintaining a high level of functional health and fitness is made more difficult by risk factors.
Term to Know Heredity The sum of the physical and mental traits that you inherit from your parents. Risk Factors You Can’t Modify Risks factors you can’t modify include age and heredity. One aspect of heredity is gender, the natural differences between males and females.
Risk Factors You Can’t Modify Heredity determines your likelihood of developing certain diseases and disorders. • High blood pressure • Heart disease • Diabetes • Certain types of cancers
Risk Factors and Your Behavior ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü
Changeable Risk Factors You cannot control risk factors such as heredity or age, you can lessen their impact on your health and fitness by changing your behavior.
Changeable Risk Factors Adults who are sedentary develop chronic diseases at a much higher rate than do more active individuals. Choosing a physically active lifestyle is one way to reduce your risks of developing disease and to live a longer, healthier life.
Changeable Risk Factors It is important to practice healthful eating habits. • Knowing what to eat can make a difference in your health and fitness. • Maintaining a healthy body weight and making balanced food choices will reduce your risk of becoming obese. • Obesity is a major risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes.
Changeable Risk Factors It is important to avoid the use of tobacco. • People who smoke or use tobacco products are at far greater risk of heart and lung disease than are nonsmokers. • People using chewing tobacco are at a higher risk for cancer of the throat.
Term to Know Stress The mind and body’s response to the demands and threats of everyday life. Changeable Risk Factors It is important to manage stress in your life. Stress is perfectly normal, but it can lead to health problems such as sleeplessness and depression.
Changeable Risk Factors Managing Stress in Your Life Adjust Your Eating Habits Spend Some Time Alone Maintain a High Level of Physical Activity
Lesson 2 Review Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 1. Vocabulary Risk factors are conditions or behaviors that represent a potential threat to an individual’s well being. 2. Vocabulary Stress is the mind and body’s response to the demands and threats of everyday life, and is perfectly normal. 3. Recall Three changeable risk factors are: becoming physically active, avoiding smoking and the use of tobacco products, and practicing healthful eating habits. • Vocabulary What are risk factors? • Vocabulary What is stress? • Recall Name three changeable risk factors that can impact your functional health.
End of Table of Contents