John Wycliffe The Morningstar of the Reformation
Born in 1328 • Received • theology doctorate • from Oxford • Began reformatory work • through his writings • Involved in • ecclesiastical politics
As theological counselor for the • King’s interests at Bruges, he met • John of Gaunt who became Wycliffe’s • Patron and his connection to Chaucer -Wycliffe saw the corruption of the papacy and launched more radical reforms with the support of John of Gaunt.
Prominent National Reformer • published 3 books • loved by common • people and had many • defenders • 3 attempts at a trial • declared Pope the • Antichrist
The Lollard Knights • Dutch word meaning • “mumblers or mutterers of prayers” • Nicholas Hereford • carried on reforms when • Wycliffe died
Translation of the New Testament of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English 1360-1382
“Neither the testimony of Augustine nor of Jerome, nor any other saint should be accepted except in so far as it was based upon Scripture. Christ’s law is best and enough, and other laws men should not take but as branches of God’s law.” John Wycliffe
“For he shone like the morning star in the midst of a cloud and remained for many days as the faithful witness in the church.”