Farewell Speech • Deliver a speech in which you say farewell to Public Speaking. • This speech will count as 70% of your Final Exam. • There is not a time/length requirement for this speech. • You will be assessed on what you present. • Speeches will begin on Thursday, 6/5 • You must also hand in a written copy of your full speech. YOU MUST PREPARE!!!! • Written FINAL EXAM (30 points) is Wednesday, 6/4
Farewell Speeches Saying goodbye is usually quite a gloomy event, but a good farewell speech can make it a bit more cheerful.
Good memories: Farewell speeches often begin with the speaker recalling some good memories shared with the people leaving or being left behind. These often include some humorous events which lift the spirits of everyone in attendance, and can range from short anecdotes to finely sketched stories of adventure and excitement.
Humor: Due to its gloomy nature, farewell speeches usually include quite a bit of humor. This is quite essential to the success of the speech, as one of its aims is that it should lift the mood of everyone in attendance. Humor in farewell speeches could be anything that is light-hearted and funny, such as funny stories, humorous one-liners slipped into the speech every now and then, or even longer jokes which may or may not be pertinent to the people leaving or being left behind.
Saying goodbye: The main idea behind farewell speeches is that people are saying goodbye to each other, and doing it in a cheerful way so that you leave on good terms. This is important to bear in mind because the speaker should consciously be aware that he should not bring up anything that would dishearten or upset anyone in attendance. If something negative occurred, for example, between the speaker and some of the guests, this should not be alluded to in the speech in any way. If it is necessary to bring it up at all, perhaps to clear up a misunderstanding, then it is better that this be left for after the speech and done in a private environment. The speaker should say goodbye and leave everyone feeling cheerful and elated, optimistic that they will see each other again sometime in the future..
Saying good luck: Well wishes are another important intention behind farewell speeches. This can be in the form of general well wishes, saying: “good luck for your future endeavors,” etcetera, or it can be specific well wishes whereby the speaker wishes the best for a certain aspiration that he knows the other party has, such as someone starting up a new business; he would say something like: “I wish you all the best for your new business, may it bring you great success.” The latter would be the better form, as it shows a sense of interest in the other party’s affairs and shows that the speaker cares and sincerely would like for the other party to do well.
Uplifting conclusion: The conclusion of a farewell speech should be an enriching experience for everyone in attendance. It usually involves the speaker saying some final words of goodbye and good luck, and is followed by some kind of group activity such as everyone singing “For he’s a jolly good fellow…” This is not always a spontaneous occurrence, so it is usually up to the speaker to instigate or initiate it. The speaker merely has to start singing, and everyone would follow customarily. A song is not the only uplifting activity that can be performed, however. Many groups of friends or families have special activities which they perform together at special occasions, and the conclusion is the perfect opportunity to make use of this common activity. For instance, a family who is really religious may enjoy a good prayer, either chorused or spoken by one individual while everyone bows their heads, and this would be instigated or initiated by the speaker.
Communication • Communication the process of sharing information by using symbols to send and receive messages. • We will mainly be discussing interpersonal communication (between two or more people). • Message: the ideas and feelings that make up the content of communication.
MESSAGE Verbal and Nonverbal The Communication Process SENDER RECEIVER FEEDBACK Verbal and Nonverbal
Nonverbal Communication • Non-verbal language is communication without words. • Body language, appearance, and the sound of the voice are the cues, or signals of nonverbal communication. • Body language: use of facial expressions, eye contact, gestures, posture, and movement to communicate. • Nonverbal language serves 4 functions: • To agree with verbal language • To emphasize verbal messages • To replace verbal messages • To contradict verbal messages
Speech Communication getting the meaning of thoughts one person has in his or her mind into the mind of another as clearly and accurately as possible by transmitting words with voices. • To do so successfully, you must decide how to send and interpret messages. • Encoding: The process of turning ideas and feelings into verbal and nonverbal symbols. • Decoding: finding the meaning of verbal and nonverbal symbols.
Communicating Meaning • Connotation: of a word is its hidden meaning, the often powerful feelings and associations that the word produces. • Denotation: of a word is its dictionary meaning. The same word may have different denotations.
Sublanguage definitions • Jargon: specialized vocabulary that is understood by people in a particular group or field • Slang: recently coined words or old words used in new ways • Dialect: a regional or cultural variety of language differing from standard American English in pronunciation, grammar, or word choice
Ethos, Pathos, Logos • Ethos: the source's credibility, the speaker's/author's authority • Pathos: the emotional or motivational appeals; vivid language, emotional language and numerous sensory details. • Logos: the logic used to support a claim (induction and deduction); can also be the facts and statistics used to help support the argument.
Preparing a Speech I. Introduction Attention getter State your topic Give your viewpoint II. Discussion/Body Organize main points Personalize your speech Use vivid language III. Conclusion Indicate the end of the speech (cue your ending) Summarize Leave a lasting impression
Ways to Deliver a speech • Manuscript method: write down everything you plan to say, then bring your manuscript to the podium and read to the audience. • Memorization method: begins with a written manuscript, but differs in that the manuscript is memorized and not used during the delivery. • Extemporaneous method: speakers prepare outlines of the ideas of their speeches beforehand, but do not memorize an exact pattern of words. Outlines or note cards may be used. • Impromptu method: when people must speak “off the cuff” with no preparation time.
Types of Speeches • Introduction • Pet Peeve • How to • Expository • Persuasive • Eulogy • Oral Interpretation – dramatic song reading • “Your Choice” – memorization speech • Motivational • Farewell