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A TIGRE on the Moon Timing Italian Gamma Ray Experiment

A TIGRE on the Moon Timing Italian Gamma Ray Experiment

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A TIGRE on the Moon Timing Italian Gamma Ray Experiment

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  1. A TIGRE on the Moon Timing Italian Gamma Ray Experiment E. Costa, Y. Evangelista, M. Feroci, M. Rapisarda(*), P. Soffitta INAF – IASF Rome (*) ENEA Frascati P. Battaglia, L. Pagan ALCATEL ALENIA SPACE - ITALIA, Vimodrone

  2. The Lunar Scenario • The Moon offers a wide and stable surface Large Area & Long Duration Experiments • The Moon rotates Wide Field and Transit Experiments • Transportation to the Moon will limit size and weight Modular approach for multiple deliveries Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  3. The Science Scenario Mid- and Near-future observational advancements in X-ray Astronomy are expected in the field of: • High resolution spectroscopy (e.g., Con-X, XEUS) • Hard X-rays (e.g., Simbol-X, NEXT) Not much is expected for Timing, where significant improvements require passing from the current (RXTE PCA) 0.5 m2 to collecting areas in the range of 50-100 m2. Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  4. Why a 100 m2-class Experiment? • Quasi-Periodic Oscillations in Galactic X-ray Binaries • 2. High Resolution Timing of Bursts and Flares from • Gamma Ray Bursters and Magnetars To observe individual cycles of QPO emission and directly study the accretion of matter onto the blak hole from the innermorst stable orbit of the accretion disk, where the strong field gravity operates and the motion of matter is directly related to fundamental parameters of the system. (see also ASI-INAF 2004 study on perspectives for High Energy Astrophysics) GRBs: in both the Hypernova and Merging stars models, in the very early phases (i.e., first milliseconds) the orbiting matter is expected to cause fast pulsations of the emission, possibly the only chance to directly observe the properties of the GRB inner engine and of the parent objects. Magnetars: transient ~30-100 Hz QPOs have been detected for the brightest flares, most likely originated by the seismic motions of the compact star. 3. Survey of X-ray Pulsars The class of radio-quiet isolated neutron stars (e.g., Geminga-like) is far less populated than radio-loud pulsars (~10 vs ~1500). This difference is not yet understood, whether it is due to real quenching of the radio emission or it is due to a transient nature. An unprecedently deep X-ray pulsar survey will likely compensate observational selection effects bring to the discovery of several Geminga-like pulsars and assess this issue, constraining pulsar models 4. and then Flares from Black-hole candidates, type-I bursters, INSs, bursting pulsar, rapid burster, supergiant fast X-ray transients, RRATs, …. Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  5. TIGRE in words: the Assembly Three interchangeable operative modes: • Open field of view for unpredictable events (e.g., GRBs, SGRs, ..) and Survey of Pulsars • Slit collimatedfor gross localization • CodedMask(collimated) for Source Localization and Monitoring Alto-azimuthal orientation capability. Modularity and independence of modules (or sets of modules), for operative mode, orientation and power supply. Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  6. TIGRE in words: the Experiment Modular Favourable (Area) / (Read-out electronics) ratio Energy Range: 1-10/20 keV, Good Position Resolution (0.1-3 mm), Good Energy Resolution (<1 keV) Current detector choice: Silicon Drift Detectors, possibly in their Controlled Drift Detector configuration Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  7. TIGRE in numbers (1) Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  8. TIGRE in numbers (2) Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  9. TIGRE in images: our view Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  10. TIGRE OperatingModes Slit Collimator Parallel Transit to reduce background Orthogonal Transit for gross localization of sources Mask: for fine localization of sources Silicon detector Open Sky for Unknown Pulsars or Bursting events Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  11. The Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) (Gatti & Rehak 1984) 55Fe 241Am Energy Range: 1-30 keV Active area 10mm2 Si thickness 300 mm JFET embedded E threshold 0.6 keV E resolution @ 20°C 5% FWHM @5.9 keV (0.5 msec sh. time) 0.9% FWHM @ 60 keV Noise (ENC) 45 e- rms @ 20° The collecting anode capacitance is very small (~ 0.1 pF) and independent from the device area  very low noise readout (C. Labanti et al., IASF-Bo) Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  12. The Controlled Drift Detector Developed at INFN-Milano / Politecnico di Milano (A. Castoldi, E. Gatti, C. Guazzoni, L. Struder, et al., 2001+). “Evolution” of SDD: multi-linear SDD detector with longitudinal coordinate derived by charge drift time (T0 from backside electrode). Noise performance comparable to SDD, position resolution ~100 m, read-out electronics for multi-linear SDD only (N vs N2), room temperature operation. Effective low energy threshold and single detector area to be assessed. (A. Castoldi et al., 2003) Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  13. TIGRE in images: seen from AAS-I Detectors Array Slit Collimator Mask Collimator Star Sensor Solar Array Service Module Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  14. Observation Modes Open Field Slit or Mask Collimator Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  15. Alto-Azimuthal Orientation North South Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  16. Independent Operation of Adjustable Sets of Modules Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  17. Launch and Deployment (AAS-I) 1590 mm 2060 mm The release mechanism could be spring-loaded with pyro-bolts. Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  18. Multi-Module Communication module module Large antenna module module module module Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  19. Mass Budget (AAS-I) Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  20. Power Budget (AAS-I) This budget includes large solar arrays to recharge batteries while the module is operating. Batteries have been dimensioned to give the needed power continuously for a period of 14 days (336 hours). The FE heaters power consumption has been considered in the night only operational configuration. Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007

  21. ♬ … fly me to the moon … ♬ Observation of the Universe from the Moon Frascati – 7 May 2007