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An Introduction to Nonfiction Text Features

An Introduction to Nonfiction Text Features

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An Introduction to Nonfiction Text Features

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  1. An Introduction to Nonfiction Text Features

  2. Text features are the parts of a nonfiction book that help you find information easily or tell you more about the topic. Some examples are: • Titles • Table of Contents • Headings/Subheadings • Photographs • Illustrations • Diagrams • Captions • Bold words • Glossary • Index • Electronic Menu • Icons

  3. Title: the name of the book • Titles tell the reader the topic of the text. • Titles show the main idea of the text. • Titles help the reader by letting them know what they are about to read. • Titles focus the reader on a topic so they can make connections between what they already know and the text.

  4. Table of Contents:gives the heading and beginning page number for each section of the book • The table of contents shows how the book is organized so you can find information more easily. • The heading titles give the reader an outline of what the book is about. Table of Contents Flowers………………..…………..3 Vegetables………………..……....9 Fruit………………………............12 Trees…………………………….15 Glossary………………………...20 Index……………………………24

  5. Headings/Subheadings: divide the text into sections • Headings tell the main idea of each section of text. • Subheadings chunk text into smaller pieces under a heading. • Headings and subheadings are printed in large or bold type to make them stand out. • Headings and subheadings help the reader to locate information in the text by telling them where to look.

  6. Photographs: a picture taken with a camera that show how something looks in real life • Photographs show how something looks, which helps the reader better understand the topic they are reading about.

  7. Illustrations: a hand-drawn picture • Illustrations help the reader “see” what is being talked about in the text.

  8. Diagrams:a drawing that shows the part of something • Diagrams show the reader the parts of something to help them better understand what is in the text. • Diagrams include labels for each part.

  9. Captions: the words next to or below a picture that tell what it is or what it is about • A caption explains what is shown in a photograph or illustration. • Captions help the reader understand information that may or may not be in the text.

  10. Bold Words: important words that are darker than the text around them • Bold words tell the reader to pay attention – these words are important! • Bold words can be used for titles, headings, and key words like important vocabulary words. • Sometimes the important words will be a different color or in italics. • Sometimes the meaning of the important words can be found in the glossary.

  11. Glossary: tells what important words mean • A glossary is like a small dictionary of words. It tells or shows what words mean. • The words in the glossary are in alphabetical order. • The words in the glossary were used in the book. • A glossary is usually found at the end of the book or near the back. Glossary flower:the part of the plant that makes new seeds fruit: the part of the plant that holds the seeds seed: the part of the plant that can grow into a new plant

  12. Index: a list of the topics and people in the text Index butterfly food………………………..10 life cycle…………………...... 7 types of....…………………..12 caterpillars…………………….6 Gibbons, Gail…..…………...…1 • An index is listed in alphabetical order. • An index is found at or near the end of a text. • An index is a way to quickly find information that is in the text. The reader can use key words or people’s names to help them locate information in the text. The index gives the page number where you can find the information.

  13. Electronic Menu: a list of things you can choose from to do something on the computer • An electronic menu gives you options, just like a menu at your favorite place to eat. • An electronic menu lists all of your options. It helps the user know what is on the computer program or website. • An electronic menu helps you navigate, or find your way, around a program or website. screen shot from www.starfall.com

  14. Icon: a picture that represents something else • Icons can be used to find information in a computer program or website. • The picture in the icon represents the information that you can find or the task that you can do. screen shot from www.starfall.com

  15. Why are text features important? • Text features help the reader to quickly find important information. • Text features teach the reader about the topic. • Text features can help the reader answer questions about a topic and the text they are reading.