The Philosophy: Why? Ray Cross, President
INTRODUCTION • Overview • Societal and Cultural Changes • Changes in the Work Place • Educational Changes/Observations • Changes at SUNY Morrisville • Our Vision • Technology Strategies • Campus Implementation Issues • Critical Issues
Late 1800’s Industrial Age Agricultural Age
Late 1900’s InformationAge Industrial Age
INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE LEARNING
TheINFORMATION AGE “The Information Age is being driven by learning and knowledge...... So the time is right to develop a compelling vision for learning in the 21st century.” Perelman, Lewis J. School’s Out: A Radical new Formula for the Revitalization of America’s Educational System. New York: Avon Books, 1992.
HIGHER EDUCATION in the INDUSTRIAL AGE “Higher education is at a crossroads. Having aligned its operations and output with the needs of the Industrial Age, it has settled into a mode of operation that is often likened to the factory of the age it served.” Handy, Charles. The Age of Paradox. Cambridge: Harvard Business School Press, 1994.
THEME -- ONE Knowledge Smart Roads, Smart Houses, Smart Cars, Smart Tires, Smart Cards, Smart Pucks, Smart Telephones The Digital Economy , Don Tapscott
THEME -- TWO Digitization Information was analog and physical (or “atoms”) -- now it is digital (“bits”)
THEME -- THREE Virtualization As information shifts from analog to digital, physical things can become virtual
THEME -- FOUR Molecularization “Mass” will become molecular in all aspects of economic and social life.
THEME -- FIVE Integration --Internetworking The integration of molecules into clusters that work with others.
THEME -- SIX Disintermediation Middleman functions between producers and consumers are being eliminated through digital networks
THEME -- SEVEN Convergence The dominant economic sector is being created by three converging industries -- computing, communications, and the content industries
THEME -- EIGHT Innovation “No matter how good your product, you are only 18 months away from failure.” Lou Gerstner IBM
THEME -- NINE Prosumption The GAP between Producers and Consumers blurs.
THEME -- TEN Immediacy “Today, consumer electronics products have a typical lifespan of two months.”
THEME -- ELEVEN Globalization “The digital planet will look and feel like the head of a pin.” Being Digital Nicholas Negroponte
THEME -- TWELVE Discordance Unprecedented social issues are beginning to arise, potentially causing massive trauma and conflict.
The Velocity of Change “ If the 1980s were about quality and the 1990s were about re-engineering, then the 2000s will be about velocity -- about how quickly business itself will be transacted; and about how information access will alter the lifestyle of consumers and their expectations of business. When the increase in velocity is great enough, the very nature of business changes." Bill Gates
Cultural Shifts • Mentality shifts-- from public phone to personal phone. • Location shifts -- from a geographic focus to a focus on being connected. • Individualization shift -- from mass production to mass customization. • Relationships shift-- from a family living in many different states to all family members living in the same community.
Key Societal and Cultural Changes • Knowledge and Learning • Directly Connected • Individuality • Mobility • Miniaturization • Speed or Velocity
CHANGING NATURE OF JOBS and WORK Average Worker -- Change Jobs 6.8 X and Occupations 3 X Over 76% of Current Workforce will need Significant Retraining
CHANGES IN THE WORKPLACE 1900 -- More than 50% of employed people worked for themselves as farmers and shop owners 1977 Only 7% were self-employed 2020 -- Drucker predicts that early in the 21st century fewer than half of working people will be employed by others in a classic way
CHANGES IN THE WORKPLACE • Constant training, retraining, job-hopping, and even career-hopping will become the norm. • Fading are the 9-5 workdays, lifetime jobs, predictable, hierarchical relationships, corporate culture security blankets, and, for a large and growing sector of the workforce, the workplace itself (will be replaced by a cybernetics “workspace”).
CHANGES IN THE WORKPLACE • Today, 95% of all workers use some type of information technology in their jobs. • By 2003, more than one-third of the U.S. workforce will be mobile
CHANGES IN THE WORKPLACE The Department of Labor estimates that this year approximately 44% of all workers will be in data services (e.g., gathering processing, retrieving, or analyzing information).
CHANGING WORKPLACE Could a Doctor who retired 15 years ago function in today’s hospital?? NOT A CHANCE
CHANGING WORKPLACE? Could a teacher who retired 15 years ago function in most classrooms today?? Quite Easily
Key Changes in the Work Place • Education and Training (Knowledge) • Pervasive Impact of Technology • Mobility • Speed or Velocity of Changes in the Work Place
Educators Theme Song? Whatever will be ...will be …. Fatalistic
“Constraints Theory” Continuity-Oriented
“Appendages The Educator’s Approach
CHANGING WORLD OF LEARNING INDUSTRIAL AGE INFORMATION AGE Classrooms, libraries, and laboratories Networks and being Connected Teaching Learning Seat time-based education Achievement-basedlearning Classroom-centered instruction Networkedlearning Information acquisition Knowledgenavigation
CHANGING WORLD OF LEARNING INDUSTRIAL AGE INFORMATION AGE Time out for learning Fusion of learning and work Distance education Distance-free learning Continuing education Perpetual learning Separation of learners and learning systems Fusion of learning systems
Educational Shifts • Teaching Assumptions shift-- from readings are on reserve to everyone owns a copy of his/her own. • Timelines shift-- from “our class meets MWF” to “we see each other all the time and MWF we meet together” • Students’ sense of access shifts-- from “I can get that book in the library” to “I have that book in my library.”
Changing Desires • Learners want to be more NOMADIC • Learners and employers want learning to be more “collaborative” • Continuous contact -- students will want faculty and staff to always be available • Learners and faculty want more relevant and realistic learning experiences • Learners want to study and learn “anywhere, anytime”
EXISTING FACILITIES? “Schools will become more like playgrounds and museums for children to assemble ideas and socialize with children all over the world. The digital planet will look and feel like the head of a pin.” Nicholas Negroponte “Being Digital”
Changing Expectations “I’m only attending school until it becomes available on CD-ROM” Anonymous sixth grade student
Next “KILLER APP” Distance Learning
Key Changes in Education • Changing Learner Desires • Importance of Perpertual Learning • Fusion of Learning and Work • New Delivery Tools and Technology • Desire for Mobility • The Demand for Speed or Velocity
Overview of SUNY Morrisville • Public Institution in Central New York • Residential Campus with 3000 Students • Over 70 Academic Programs • Associate and Bachelor Degrees • Health, Aquaculture, Equine, Business, Info Tech, Hospitality, Architectural Technology, Engineering Technology, Natural Resource Conservation, Biology