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Global Road Safety Partnerships Good Practice on Road Safety Children and Youth

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Global Road Safety Partnerships Good Practice on Road Safety Children and Youth

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  1. Global Road Safety Partnerships Good Practice on Road Safety Children and Youth What can we do to increase the road safety among children and young people?, Gdynia (Poland) Gayle Di Pietro GRSP is a hosted programme of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

  2. GRSP’s mission The sustainable reduction of road death and injury in low and middle income countries

  3. GRSP is a hosted programme of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

  4. What is not known • The number of children and young people killed, seriously injured or disabled as a result of traffic crashes in not precisely known. • There is a lack of data, but underreporting rather than over reporting occurs.

  5. What is known. • The road network is constructed without considering children • Children are not born knowing how to use the road system • Children and young people are vulnerable on or near roads • Children cannot always control their own safety

  6. Risk factors Child and Youth related factors: Physical development Size, height, growth patterns, co-ordination, balance Cognitive development Mastering concepts, judgements, decision making, reasoning, impulse control Risk taking behaviour Intentional & unintentional Peer influence Gender Including expectations

  7. Move away from the idea that children can adapt their behaviour to manage traffic. • Recognise that children’s needs should be addressed in the design and management of the road system

  8. Interventions • World report on road traffic injury prevention describes proven interventions and promotes a systems approach

  9. Safe System – Is it safe for children? movement energy ROADS Institutional capacity Systems approach Funding RS MANAGEMENT VEHICLES Immediate Death or injury PEOPLE Poor design Poor construction Poor maintenance Low Country standards Individual poor choices Poor maintenance TRAUMA CARE Helmets, Seat belts Speed, Drink Drive Vulnerable people delayed Death or injury Low country standards Poor individual choices

  10. Exploring the systems approach using the 5 pillars.

  11. 1. Road Safety Management • Recognise needs of vulnerable road users in this car dominant society • Provide space for walking and cycling and sustainable public transport systems – separate road user types • Provide budget (eg. schools traffic wardens) • Manage travel speeds – particularly around schools (traffic calming) • Legislate to protect children's safety

  12. 2. Roads • Address black spots • Use traffic calming measures • Separate VRUs from fast moving traffic • Provide pedestrian refuges • Change traffic lights sequences • Overhead bridges

  13. 3. Vehicles • Establish standards that contribute to the safety of children • Vehicle design to reduce injury • Braking systems • Alcohol interlocks • Child restraints • Child helmets

  14. 4. People • Road safety education needs to start at birth! • Role modelling • Roadside skills development • Conspicuity (of road users & roadside environment treatments) • Use of safety equipment • Educate all about the limitations of children & young people

  15. 5. Trauma care • Learn to call for assistance • First to the scene care (Safe scene then ABC) • Provide prompt, efficient & effective pre-hospital care • What is normal for the adult may not be normal for the child

  16. Focus on behaviours Filling the holes With good practice PEOPLE DEFENCE Vulnerable Road User

  17. Does RSE in schools work? • Problems with (for example): • evaluation methodology • time frame • objectives • teaching & learning methods • content If education doesn’t work, why do we send children to school?

  18. Road Safety education • Achievable & specific aims • Stage/age appropriate • Continuous & sequential • Targeting the risky behaviour • Culturally correct • Embedded • Not busy work • Applicable in different contexts

  19. Road Safety Education • Use appropriate pedagogy • Involve parents • Train teachers • Traffic Clubs • Safe Routes to School • Whole community approach

  20. Young new drivers • Most vulnerable of all road users • Pre-licence: • Multi tasking on complex tasks • Resisting Peer influence • Speed management • Error spotting • Hazard recognition

  21. Young people • Graduated licensing programmes • Extended learner period • Provisional or intermediate • Full licence • Sometimes: • Alcohol restrictions • Passenger restrictions • Speed restrictions • Type of vehicle • Curfews

  22. In conclusion • Systems approach delivers greater road safety for children and young people • Children cannot easily adapt behaviour to cope with traffic • Address children’s needs in the design and management of the whole road system • Use proven and effective strategies