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Tongue

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Tongue

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  1. Tongue 3.03 Remember the structures of the sensory system 1

  2. Tongue Taste 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 2

  3. Structures of the tongue What type of tissue is the tongue made? • Taste receptors • Also known as gustatory buds or taste buds 3.03 Remember the structures of the sensory system 3

  4. Understanding the functions of the tongue • Gustatory receptors (taste buds) Can you identify the cranial nerves? 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 4

  5. Cranial Nerves for Tongue Taste • Facial • Glossopharyngeal • Vagus Movement • Hypoglossal

  6. Taste Trivia Did you know??? • An adult has on average 9,000 taste buds (a child even 10,000) • More buds means the individual perceives more types of taste • The spicy foods (like chili peppers) stimulate the pain receptors, not the taste buds 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 6

  7. Structures of the tongue: taste buds • Did you know… • eating chocolate makes the brain produce natural opiates • Produces a sense of well-being • Reduces pain • Makes you happy! Agreeable or disagreeable? Identify the taste bud. 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 7

  8. Trivia Tongue Did you know… Taste is the weakest of the five senses We have almost 10,000 taste buds inside our mouths; even on the roofs of our mouths Everyone’s tongue print is different similar to fingerprints 3.03 Remember the structures of the sensory system 8

  9. Understanding the functions of the tongue Salty Sour Sweet Bitter Umami NEW! Taste 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 12

  10. Taste Buds

  11. Disorders of the tongue Glossitis • Gloss itis • What causes glossitis? • What are the benefits of good oral hygiene in treatment and prevention of glossitis? 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 16

  12. Disorders of the tongue Strawberry tongue due to scarlet fever What are other causes of strawberry tongue? How is it treated? How are disorders of the tongue relevant to taste? 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 17

  13. Disorders of the tongue: Thrush What is it? Who most likely gets it? How is it prevented? How is it treated? How are disorders of the tongue relevant to health? 3.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the sensory system 18

  14. Phantom Pain • Pain in a limb that has been amputated.

  15. Processing 4 • What is the medical term for taste buds? • What is the structure that divides the right and lft sides of the nose? • What is the condition called where you have sensation and pain in a limb that has been amputated? • What is the medical term for constant clear drainage from the nose? • What is the medical condition where you get white patches on your tongue after antibiotic use? • Which disorder of the nose cause sinus infections, snoring and sleep apnea? • What is the cause of “Strawberry Tongue”? • What cranial nerve does the nose connect to?