Present Tense Testintg Points Past Perfect Tense in Clauses Future Tense
现在完成时 • 表示动作已经完成，强调过去 发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响和结果。一般过去时仅仅说明动作在过去，不强调对现在的影响。 常与一些时间状语连用：如：already; yet; by this time; just; ever; never; now; before; lately 等。
例一： ---Where __you__ the key? I ___ it yet. A. did,put; didn’t find B. did,put;haven’t found C.have,put;haven’t found D. have,put; didn’t find B
例二：NMET97 上海 19题 • ---Oh, it’s you! I ____ you. • ---I’ve just had my hair cut and I’m wearing new glasses. • didn’t recognize B. hadn’t recognized • C. haven’t recognized D. don’t recognize A
现在完成时 2. It is the first/second…time that 从句。的从句中 一般用 现在完成时。 另外：“It is/ has been + 一段时间+ since 从句…”中，从句动词通常用过去时，主句用完成时。
例三：NMET 92 • ---Do you know our town at all? • --- No, this is the first time I ___ here. • was B. have been • C. came D. have gone B
现在完成时 3. 有些瞬间性动词不能和表示一段时间的时间状语连用。要连用时须用状态动词。成对的词有： Become/be; die/be dead; leave/ be away; join the army/serve the army…
例四： NMET84年 She ___ Robert for a year. A.married B. married with C. has been marrying D. has been married to D Marry是瞬间性动作，不能和for +时间段的状语连用。要表示状态的用 has been married to sb.“和某人结婚”是marry to sb.
过去进行时 1. 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。这一特定的时间可用时间状语连用。如：at that time; at 8 o’clock; when… 也可用上下暗示。
例五：NMET 1997 第10题 • I first met Lisa three years ago. She ___ at a radio shop at the time. • has worked B. was working • C. had been working D. had worked B
例六：NMET 1998第 20题 Shirley ___ a book about China last year, but I don’t know whether she has finished it. A. has written B. wrote C. had written D. was writing D
例七：NMET 1999 第 24 题 • ---- Hey, look where you are going! • ---- Oh, I’m terribly sorry,______. • I’m not noticing B. I wasn’t noticing • C. I haven’t noticed D. I don’t notice B
2.过去进行时常用于由when、while、as引导的时间状语从句中，表示背景，引出由一般过去时表示的新动作。或：2.过去进行时常用于由when、while、as引导的时间状语从句中，表示背景，引出由一般过去时表示的新动作。或： 过去进行时（表示背景）+when+ 一般过去时（新发生的动作）。此时when 相当于at that time; just then.
例八：NMET 2000 第25 题 • The reporter said that the UFO ___ • east to west when he saw it. • was travelling B. travelled • C.had been travelling D. was to travel A
时间、条件、程度状语从句中动词的时态 在if 、unless等词引导的条件状语从句，when till/until 、as soon as 、the time等词引导的时间状语从句，以及the more …the more结构引导的程度状语从句中，当主句中的动词用一般将来时，从句中的动词通常用一般现在时表示将来时间。
例 九：NMET94年 38题 • I need one more stamp before my • collection _____. • has completed B. completes • C. has been completed D. is completed D
例十：NMET86 If it ___tomorrow, the sports meet will not be held. A. rains B. will rain C. goes to rain D. shall rain A
总结性练习 1. When I was at college I ___three foreign languages,but I _ all except a few words of each. A. spoke; had forgotten B. spoke; have forgotten C. had spoken; had forgotten D. had spoken; have forgotten B 2. --- Has Tom finished his composition yet? --- I have no idea; he ___ it this morning. A. wrote B. had written C. has written D. was writing D 3. --- I haven’t heard from Henry for a long time. --- What do you suppose ____ to him? A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. had happened C D 4. Jack ___ a postman for about six years. A. has become B. has turned C. has changed D. has been A 5. Would you please give him the massage the moment he ____? A. Arrives B. arrived C. is arriving D. will arrive.