Lesson 4 Simple and Happy Fitness
p.95 • find oneself ~ing ~를 하는 자신을 알아차리다 • suffer from ~로 고통 받다 • syndrome 증상 • manage to 가까스로 ~하다 • guide 안내(서) • squeeze 짜다, 짜내다 • hectic 정신없이 바쁜, 빡빡한 • must 반드시 해야 하는 것
While You Read • Q. What is the purpose of the guide that will follow? • It is to help readers learn how to squeeze time to exercise into their hectic day.
p.96 • Most Popular Excuses 가장 일반적인 변명들 • prioritize 우선순위를 매기다 • (비교) prior .adj. 최우선의, priority .N 최우선적인 것, prior to (숙어) ~에 앞서, 먼저 • once 일단 ~하기만 하면 • get used to ~ing ~에 익숙해지다 • = be good at…. / get accustomed to –ing • fit in 맞추다 • workout 운동하는 시간 • wisely 현명하게
최상급 + of all ~중 가장 ~한 • This is the worst excuse of them all. • = No excuse is as bad as this. • = No excuse is worse than this. • = This is worse than any other excuse.
형성평가 enough time • 1.Excuse 1 I don't have ( ). • 2.This is bad excuse of them all. • 3. If you don't ( )things, you will never have enough time for exercise. • 4. Once you will get used to make time, you will realize that you always have the time fitting in a workout. • 어법상 틀린 곳 바르게(3개) • Will get /get, to make/making, fitting/to fit the worst prioritize
Enjoying exercise may seem (5)(impossible / impossibly), • However, once you keep (6)(exercising / to exercise) for several weeks, there will soon come a time (7)(which / when) you begin to like it.
p.97 • end up ~ing결국 ~하게 되다 • mix up 섞다 • gym 체육관, 헬스장 • experienced 경험이 있는, 능숙한 • avoid ~ing ~하는 것을 피하다 • missing workouts 운동을 빼먹다
형성평가 quitting • Excuse 3 I have tried to exercise, but I always end up (1)quit. • Try to mix up your exercises to keep things (2)(interesting / interested). If you go to the gym, you can ask an experienced trainer to help you learn about different types of activities. Most importantly, avoid (3)miss workouts! missing
p.98 • the key to N = N의 열쇠 = N으로 가는 열쇠 • Ex) Opening your ears is the key to understanding others. • in so many ways 여러모로 • release endorphins and other feel-good chemicals 엔돌핀과 다른 기분 좋게 해주는 화학 물질들을 방출하다 • stay in a positive mood 긍정적인 기분 상태로 유지시켜주다 • prescription 처방, 해결책 • build up 늘려가다 • over time 시간이 지날수록 • overdo ~을 지나치게 하다
lead to N. ~로 이어지다 • injury 부상 • be into ~에(을) 관심이 많다, 좋아하다 • Creative 창조적인 • be good at ~을 잘하다, ~에 능하다 • to and from school 등하교길에 • a local community center지역 주민 센터 routine 틀, 규칙적으로 하는 일의 통상 적인 순서와 방법 One’s own way 자신만의 방식으로 Do chores 집안일을 하다 mop 걸레질하다 help out ~을 도와주다
It helps your body release endorphins and other feel-good chemicals that let you stay in a positive mood. • If you are new to (1)(exercise / exercising), the best thing to do is to start slow and build up over time. Overdoing it can lead to (2)(injure / injury) and more stress. (3)만약 당신이 스포츠에 그렇게 관심이 없다면, you may have to be (4). • (3) 영작(그렇게-that 사용 / sports 넣어서 7단어로) • If you are not that into sports creative
형성평가 • Go to the gym or a local community center (3)you can exercise.공통단어 • - Create a new routine (3)you can exercise (5)너 자신만의 방식(방법)으로 where your own way
p.99 • simply 그냥, 그저 • fit A into B A를 B에 맞추다 • stretch 기지개를 켜다, (팔/다리의 근 • 육을) 당기다 • maintain 유지하다 • flexibility 유연성 • joint 관절 • on a regular basis 정기적으로= regularly • posture 자세 • reduce 줄이다, 감소시키다 • wrist 손목 • Back pain 요통
if possible 가능하다면 = as….as you can • pay attention to ~에 집중하다, 주목하다 • tension 긴장 • breath 숨 (cf) breathe: 숨 쉬다 • take ….deep breaths 깊은 숨을 쉬다
If you simply can’t find a way to fit exercise into your schedule, here are some exercises that you can do right at your desk or even sitting in your chair!
Stretching • Stretching is the key to maintaining flexibility, which means how easily you can move your joints. If you do these stretching exercises on a regular basis, they can help you maintain good posture as well as reduce wrist, neck, and back pain. Before you get started, follow these basic rules.
• Stretch as often as you can — daily, if possible. • • Move into each stretching position slowly. • • Pay attention to how much tension you feel. • • As you hold each position, take at least five deep breaths. • • Perform each stretch two to four times. • • Stretch all your muscles. • • Stretch whenever you feel you need it.
While you read • 1. What might happen to you if you overexercise? • I can get injured or more stressed. • 2. What are two benefits of regular stretching? • It can help you maintain good posture and reduce pain.
flexibility • Stretching is the key to (1)maintain (2) , which means how easily you can move your joints. If you do these stretching exercises (3)regularly, they can help you maintain good posture as well as (4)reduce wrist, neck, and back pain. • Stretch (5)가능한 한 자주 - daily, if possible. - Move into each stretching position (6)(slow / slowly). • - Pay attention to (7)얼마나 (근육의) 긴장감[당김]을 느끼는지에. • - As you hold each position, take at least five deep (8)(breaths / breathes). as often as you can how much tension you feel.
p.100 • hold a position 한 자세를 유지하다 • repeat a motion 한 동작을 반복하다 • edge 가장자리 • Squeeze a book between your legs다리 사이에 책을 끼워라 • Release slightly 힘을 살짝 풀어주다 • keep O from N/~ing(동명) = O 를 N(~하는 것)으로부터 막다/방해하다 • = hinder .O from N/~ing(동명) • = stop .O from N/~ing(동명) • = ban .O from N/~ing(동명) • = prevent .O from N/~ing(동명) • = prohibit .O from N/~ing(동명) • = deter .O from N/~ing(동명)
with the heel up 뒤꿈치를 올린 채 • (with+명사+분사/부사) 구문‘~을 .한 채로, ~을 .하면서 • thigh 허벅지 • Parallel 평행한 • align 나란히(가지런히) 만들다, 일직선으로 만들다 • stable 안정된, 안정적인 • tiptoe 발끝 • be packed with ~로 꽉 차다 • keep building 차차 늘려나가다
Release slightly, but maintain enough tension to keep the book from dropping. • Exercise 3 Sit on the edge of a stable chair with your feet flat on the floor and your hands behind your head. Lower your chest toward your knees, touching your left elbow to your right knee.
While you read • 1. Circle the words on page 100 that refer to body parts. • legs,heel,back,knees,thigh,feet, hands,head,chest,elbow
관계부사 • 정의: 관계부사가 이끄는 절은 주어,목적어,보어가 생략되지 않은 완전한 문장 • Look around the place. • You are going to speak at the place. • Look around the place which you are going to speak at . • Look around the place at which you are going to speak . • Look around the place where you are going to speak . • Look around the place that you are going to speak . • Look around the place you are going to speak . • Look around where you are going to speak .