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Expert Group Meeting on Statistical Methodology for Delineating Cities and Rural Areas

Expert Group Meeting on Statistical Methodology for Delineating Cities and Rural Areas

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Expert Group Meeting on Statistical Methodology for Delineating Cities and Rural Areas

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  1. Expert Group Meeting on Statistical Methodology for Delineating Cities and Rural Areas January, 2019

  2. Statistical Methodology for Delineating Cities and Rural Areas • National context • Application of the methodology • Main findings • Conclusions

  3. 1. Nationalcontext

  4. National Context Population 2018: 17’023.408 (projection) Population 2010: 15’012.228 (last census) Surface: 283.560 km² 50.50% 49.50% Political Administrative Division Ecuador

  5. Application of the methodology Exploratory exercise

  6. Application of the methodology In Ecuador, density and geographic location are not considered in order to classify the degrees of urbanization. Main cities are identified in statistical operations only with representativeness purposes. Less than 2.000 inhabitants More than 2.000 inhabitants Rural area Urban area Andean Community of Nations criteria (CAN) Political Administrative Division is used to produce statistics The rest of the canton is rural. Cantons’ capital are considered urban areas Ecuador: An exploratory exercise

  7. Application of the methodology Cantón La Libertad We don’t have information about the localization of population in order to identify concentration of population in specific areas (main limitation). Population census data, surface data and Political Administrative Division of 2010 Assumption: population density of each grid cells of 1 km2 is the same in each local unit (parishes). Using density, population and contiguity we identified urban centres, urban clusters and rural cells (level 1 of the degree of urbanization) We group up the population of urban centres, urban clusters and rural cells in a canton in order to classify and apply level 2 Ecuador: An exploratory exercise

  8. Application of the methodology Ecuador: Ecuador: An exploratory exercise Quito and Rumiñahui Cities Urban centers identified in Canton Quito: • Quito • Calderón • Conocoto • Cumbaya • Llano Chico

  9. Application of the methodology Ecuador: An exploratory exercise Town and Suburbs Guayaquil Guayaquil has been identified as a Town and Suburb

  10. Application of the methodology Ecuador: An exploratory exercise Morona Rural areas Morona has been identified as rural area, as it has one urban cluster (Macas) with less than 50% of population of the canton

  11. Mainfindings

  12. Main findings Ecuador

  13. Main findings Ecuador 930 parishes were defined as rural cells, but using the national definition, only 276 of them were classified as rural areas (29.68%). In addition, the parishes classified as urban centres (9) and urban clusters (85) match with the national definition of urban area

  14. Conclusions

  15. Conclusions Ecuador

  16. Conclusions Ecuador

  17. Ma. Alexandra Suasnavas S. Coordinator of Statistical Planning, Norms and quality alexandra_suasnavas@inec.gob.ec