Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Incentive structures matter in terrorism foresight PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Incentive structures matter in terrorism foresight

Incentive structures matter in terrorism foresight

113 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Incentive structures matter in terrorism foresight

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. NOTES 1. Poster Title • Replace the mock-up text of the poster title (”Joint Research Centre”) with the text of your own title. • Keep the original font colour (100c 80m 0y 0k). • Keep the flush-right justification. • Set it in Helvetica Rounded Bold Condensed, if you own the typeface. Otherwise, in Arial, Helvetica or Verdana – plain or bold. • Keep the original font body size (102 pt or, preferably,120 pt) and the title on a single line whenever possible. Reduce the body size and/or set the title on more than one line only if unavoidable. 2. Poster Subtitle • Replace the mock-up text of the poster subtitle (”Place Your Poster Subtitle Here”) with the text of your own subtitle. • Keep the original font colour (black). • Keep the flush-right justification. • Set it in MetaPlusBook-Roman, if you own the typeface. Otherwise, in Arial, Helvetica or Verdana. • Keep the original font body size (72 pt) and the subtitle on a single line whenever possible. Reduce the body size and/or set the subtitle on more than one line only if unavoidable. • If your poster does not have a main subtitle, delete the subtitle mock-up text or its text-box altogether. 3. Poster Main Text and Illustrations • Replace the mock-up text of the poster with your own text. Keep it within the boundaries of the two main-text boxes provided. • Keep the original font colour (black). • Should you need a second colour within your text, use the same one of the poster title (100c 80m 0y 0k). • Keep the flush-left justification. • Set the main text in MetaPlusBook-Roman and the section headings in MetaPlusBold-Roman, if you own the typefaces. Otherwise, the main text in Arial, Helvetica or Verdana, and the section headings in their respective bold weights. • Adjust the font body size and leading to the needs of your own text, depending on its overall length, for optimal display and legibility. • Should you need a second level of text, set it in a smaller body size than that of your main text (and, in the case of photo captions, in italics, too). • Place your illustrations (pictures, graphs, etc.) within the boundaries of the two main-text boxes. Adjust your text-flow as needed. 4. Contact Box • Replace the mock-up contents of the contact box with your own data. • Keep the contact box in place if possible. Place it elsewhere only if unavoidable for layout reasons, but in that case try, at least, to align it with some main element of the poster. 5. Additional Logos • Should you need to display additional logos (e.g., of partner organizations or universities), reduce or enlarge them to a height within those of the JRC logo and the Directorate or Institute logo. • Place any additional logos on the bottom of the poster, evenly spaced between the JRC and (if there is one) the Directorate or Institute logo, and vertically centred with them. TERRORISM FORESIGHT ACTIVITIES: EVALUATING THEIR IMPACTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND POLICY MAKING Incentive structures matter in terrorism foresight Many actions are incentive driven activities in a society. The social incentive structures are established by different forms of social interaction. Also terrorism can be seen as an incentive driven action. Incentives can be personal or social. Psychological motivation theories can help us to understand personal incentives. In a similar way social theories can help us to understand personal and social incentives. The nature of social interaction is always critical thing we must really understand in the context of terrorism foresight analyses. Incentives are factors (financial or non-financial) that provide a motive for a particular course of action. Incentives can also count as a reason for preferring one choice to alternatives. In this way technology foresight and terrorism foresight should focus more on analyzing the incentive structure of terrorism actions. Firstly, remunerative or financial incentives are said to exist where an agent can expect some form of material reward (money, products, services etc.) in exchange for acting in a particular way. Secondly, moral incentives are said to exist where a particular choice is widely regarded as the right thing to do. Such things are particularly admirable in a society or in a decision environment the failure to act in a certain way is condemned as indecent. Typically a person acting on a moral incentive can expect a sense of self-esteem and approval. A person acting against a moral incentive can expect a sense of guilt, condemnation or even ostracism from community. Thirdly, coercive incentives are such incentives which exist where a person can expect that the failure to act in a particular way will result in physical force being used against them (or their loved ones) by others in the community, or confiscating or destroying their possessions. This kind of approach is indicating that technology and terrorism foresight should include systemic personal and social incentive structure analysis, where three incentive types are analyzed in relation to new technological and social innovations and systems. Many failures in the fields of technology foresight and terrorism foresight could be avoided by these kinds of systemic incentive structure analyses. Author proposes that in terrorism foresight one key challenge is to promote loyal use of technologies and social innovations. This point lead us to think structure loyalty programs, which are structured marketing efforts that reward and encourage loyal citizenship behavior – behavior which is potentially of benefit to the society. Double Anti-terrorism Policy Framework (DATPF) In the article double anti-terrorism policy framework(DATPF) is presented. This framework is based on recent scientific foresight and evaluation research findings and conclusions. Especially Adaptive Foresight methodology is useful methodological approach for terrorism foresight. The model is a systemic model, which includes special disincentives for terror and incentives for follow anti-terrorism behavior. New technologies include always options for incentives and disincentives. From this perspective it is important to analyze new incentive structures new technologies bring with them to agents and stakeholders. Summary Incentive structures are notoriously trickier than they might appear to people who set them up. Typically different agencies promote technological and social innovations and different people think incentive structures of a society. This aspect of tricky incentive structures and a hugegap between technological and social innovation systems and incentive structures planning should be taken more seriously in the terrorism foresight, because personal and social incentive structures really have various surprising implications for policy and decision making. In the article author proposes that double anti-terrorism policy (DATPF)framework can be a new promising research paradigm for terrorism foresight research. Key element of the research paradigm is systemic personal and social incentive structure analyses, which tell how incentives create behavior in our societies. This new terrorism foresight research paradigm can support and promote multidisciplinary research activities in the field of terrorism foresight research. Contact Research Director, Dr Jari Kaivo-oja Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC) Turku School of Economivcs (TSE) Tel. +358-50-5027030, +358-2-4814 526 E-mail: jari.kaivo-oja@tse.fi 2008 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE