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Early Civilizations India and China

Early Civilizations India and China

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Early Civilizations India and China

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  1. Early CivilizationsIndia and China

  2. Subcontinent North - Mountains South - Water Geography

  3. Monsoons Allowed travel between Africa, Middle East and India

  4. Fertile Soil + More Food =? More People

  5. Indus Valley Civilizationthe Dravidians

  6. Much of the Indus Valley history is still a mystery Planned Cities

  7. A planned city tells you what about their government?

  8. Civilization just Disappeared

  9. From the EAST the Aryans moved in

  10. Aryans felt “superior” towards the Dravidians

  11. Cultural Diffusion Occurs New Language Developed Sanskirt

  12. What we know came from the Vedas (collection of prayers, hymns, etc)

  13. Aryans Way of Life Led by Rajahs (Skilled War Leader) VALUED CATTLE FOR SURIVAL AND A SIGN OF WEALTH

  14. Social Classes WarriorsFarmers, merchantsartisans Priests Dravidians

  15. Caste System BORN INTO CHANGE WHEN YOU DIE

  16. Treatment of the “Untouchables”

  17. Joint Family System Dowry to be paid

  18. Sati Rituals Widow chooses to die with the body of the husband

  19. Ganges River “mother of the people” Today

  20. Way of Life Polytheistic Mystics – people who devote their life to seek spiritual truth

  21. The Birth of A New Religion HINDUISM

  22. NO Single FounderNO Single Text (Vedas) ***Diffusion of Dravidians and Aryans

  23. VISHNU (PRESERVER) SHIVA DESTROYER 3 MAIN GODS BRAHMA (CREATOR)

  24. GOAL IN LIFE STOP THE CYCLE OF REINCARNATION AND TO BE REUNITED WITH BRAHMA (MOKSHA)

  25. The law of KARMA This life affects your next!!!!!!

  26. Dharma Religious and moral duties Ahimsa Non-violence 2 Beliefs

  27. One BranchJainism Hurt NO Living Creature

  28. From Hinduism Buddhism will form in The Himalayas

  29. Siddhartha Gautama Luxury lifestyle Left palace and saw life not perfect Crippled man Old man Dead man beggar Went to meditate “enlightened one”

  30. Life is suffering Suffering due to attachment Can be overcome Follow the 8 fold path 4 Noble Truths

  31. 8 Fold Path

  32. PagodaCurved cornersStatues for Buddha

  33. Nirvana – most perfect state Must work off bad karma to end samsara (reincarnation)

  34. Buddhism spread in Asia Hindus in India made Buddha a god

  35. Chapter 3 Section 3Chapter 4 Sections 4 & 5

  36. GOBI DESERT HIMALAYAMOUNTAINS WATER Geography Believed they were only Civilization

  37. River Valley Civilization

  38. Ancient Chinese Inventions Papermaking Woodblock Printing Compass Gunpowder

  39. Money on a “string” Calendar 365 ¼ days

  40. Neolithic FarmersFertile Soil Huang He River Valley

  41. “Yellow River”“river of sorrows”

  42. Remember…..dynasty – ruling family Bronze Age

  43. Mandate of Heaven Good times – heavens approved Disasters – lost favor of heavens

  44. Oracle Bones Write questions Interpret the cracks

  45. Polytheistic Ancestor Worship Lived in the Afterworld

  46. Nobles Buried in lavish tombs Chariots, art, living people

  47. SHANG INVADED BY ZHOU (CHOU)