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Native American Masks

Native American Masks

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Native American Masks

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  1. Native American Masks Sara Daley and Ashley Rimmel – RE 215 http://www.snowwowl.com/images/jumearticles/namasks/laughingowllg.jpg

  2. What do we think about masks? What do Native Americans think about masks?

  3. Background Have been used since ancient times Spiritual, healing, entertainment Contemporary uses differ from historical uses http://www.snowwowl.com/images/a1.jpg

  4. Materials • Varied from tribe to tribe, region to region • Depicted animals, people, or spirits • Indians on the Northwest coast: • Used red cedar • Made three different types of masks • Simple face mask • Mechanical mask • Transformation mask

  5. Simple, Animal Mask The owl in Kwakwaka'wakw legend represents the wise one and is a messenger. http://www.hickerphoto.com/native-american-masks-7783-pictures.htm

  6. Simple, Portrait Mask Pugwis or Man of the Sea, a Kwakwaka'wakw undersea spirit who is in the form of a human. http://www.hickerphoto.com/native-american-art-7781-pictures.htm

  7. Meaning • Masks were used in societies • Potlatch ceremonies • Native people hold that: • Masks are living things • Deities are present • Wearer takes on the powers of the animal • It is an honor to be carved into a portrait mask

  8. Seneca False Faces (gagosa) Found among many Iroquois people Worn by a society of men at the “new year” and “corn” ceremonies Bring forth the presence of the ‘bad brother’ http://crustacean666.zoto.com/img/30/5e12e529e170403ff9e3bfda44a4e69c-.jpg

  9. Seneca False Faces (gagosa) Painted red, black, or both Living basswood tree Distorted mouth and nose, hair Manifestations of spirits present in dreams

  10. View of reality Creation of human beings Fixed and eternal reality. Why are they powerful? Kwakiutl Masks

  11. http://www.masksoftheworld.com/NoAmerica/Native%20American%20Mask%20Kwakiutl.htm

  12. Looking through the Mask: The Hopi Case • Presenting initiates • Uninitiated cannot know about masks. • Once initiated, they are permitted to look through the eyeholes for the first time. • View from the eyeholes.

  13. Kachinas • Purpose of Kachinas • Three major ceremonies: Soyal, Powamu and Home Dance

  14. Kachina Dolls: • Purpose of the dolls • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqArkdf0XC0&feature=related