CHAPTER SIX The United States of America The Greatest Country In the World:
A. Resource Rich • 4th largest country in land area • 3rd most population in the world • 1st in GNP B. WHY? • Abundance of natural resources • Excellent transportation and communication • Very high work ethic • Supportive politicalsystem
C. Abundance of Natural Resources • Farming: The prairie grasslands of the Midwest are some of the richest soils in the world! • Over $50 Billion per year from farming • During the early days of our Republic, large tracts ofland were given to people who promised to farm the land.
D. Forests • First cleared for farmland, and lumber for construction of homes. • As more immigrants arrived, more lumber was required. • After the forests of the East-coast were used up, the lumber companies headed towards the Rockies • Recently, the forests of the East Coast have grown back to the point that lumbering is now possible.
E. Underground • Coal: Mined in PA, WV, OH, IN and IL • Used a fuel for heating homes, and production of steel. • Most important use today is for generation of steam to produce electricity.
E. Underground • Oil: First found in PA • Huge reserves were discovered in OK and TX • Originally used for lubrication • Later used as fuel for heating homes and industry. • Cheapness of this energy-source grew our (U. S.) economy.
The U.S. also has large deposits of copper, gold, lead, titanium, uranium and zinc The California/Alaska gold rush brought millions to U. S.
F. Movement of People, goods and Ideas • Travel on water: • Early on, barges were floated down river, and pulled back up by teams of mules/horses. • The round trip took almost six months. • By 1850, the steamboat cut travel time down to days, and reduced the cost of transportation. • In areas where the rivers were not connected, canals were built.
2. Land Travel • During the early days of our country, roads were almost nonexistent • Transportation was by horse or horse-drawn carriage. • By the early 1800s, companies were building pay-as-you-go roads called turnpikes.
Land Travel • By the middle 1800s, steam powered locomotives began to replace steamboats • By 1900, most every part of the U.S. was within reach of a railroad • The time of the railroad was short-lived. • By the 1920s, the automobile began to replace railroads
3. COMMUNICATIONS • In 1837, Samuel Morse developed the first successful telegraph. • Communication between west and east was reduced from weeks to minutes. • Again, this “modern-marvel” didn’t last long
COMMUNICATIONS • By the 1890s, telephones were connecting people in “real-time” communication. • Telecommunication: Communication by electronic means 1. Computers 2. Fax Machines 3.Satellites
G. Rugged Individualism • The willingness of individuals to stand alone and struggle long and hard to survive and prosper • The promise of prosperity is given to us through our Constitution • Individual equality • Freedom of opportunity H. Free Enterprise: System where people can own, operate and profit from their own business.
I. A NATION OF CITIES • Metropolitan area: A large city surrounded by suburbs • St. Joseph, Blue Springs & Independence (Kansas City) • Usually with a total area population of over one million people
J. CANALS • During the 1800s, many canals were built. • Erie canal was 363 miles long • Ran from Lake Erie to the Hudson River • By the late 1800s, there were over 4000 canals built • They connected Midwest cities with the East-coast • Food from the center of the country could now be easilytransported to the coast and exported.
K. URBAN AREAS • Suburbs: Residential areas around of larger cities. • Due to ease of transportation (cars & trains) people no longer had to live close to their workplace. • Commuters could drive or take a train to work. • Food is now grown thousands of miles away from where it is consumed.
L. Function & Size • Urban areas are described in Hierarchy. • Hierarchy: Cities ranked by size or function • Large cities (New York) serve large urban areas • Smaller cities (Springfield) serve smaller areas • Hinterlands: Areas that a city serves
M. Metropolitan Areas • A major city and its surrounding areas (suburbs) • Springfield was once separated from Nixa, Republic…etc. • Now they are “growing” together
Reach For A Star Production John P. Lukewww.mrluke.net