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Less is More

Less is More

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Less is More

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  1. Less is More M-Learning with Cell Phones Lucy Haagen, Program in Education CIT Showcase April 24, 2009

  2. Today’s Workshop • Introduction to M-Learning with Mobile Phones: Rationale and Resources • Mobile Phones and Civic Engagement: Local and Global Examples • From Margin to Mainstream: Future Possibilities

  3. What is M-Learning? Use of mobile devices to produce an anytime, anywhere learning experience

  4. M-Learning in Context

  5. Why Mobile Phones? • Ubiquitous • Web 2.0 compatible • Platform of choice for under 30s • Compatibility • Portability • Eco-friendly • Promotes multiple modes of interaction

  6. Rationale and Resources (USA) • Horizon Report (http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2009-Horizon-Report.pdf) • “New interfaces, the ability to run third-party applications, and location-awareness have all come to the mobile device in the past year, making it an ever more versatile tool that can be easily adapted to a host of tasks for learning, productivity, and social networking.”

  7. Mobile Phone Use Explosion Source:lTU World Communications Database, 2009

  8. China: Mobile Phone Use Outstrips Web Use(000’S)

  9. Millennials Use of Cell Phones SMS text messaging outstrips phone calls ,

  10. Source: Harris interactive, January, 2009

  11. What functions do you currently use? • Phone Call • SMS                 • Email • Web Browsing • Camera for images • Camera for video • Voice recorder • Video player • Text Reader • Music/Audio Player • Games

  12. Free/Affordable Mobile Phone Applications • Polling (ex: polleverywhere.com) • Google Maps • Speaking Dictionaries China2go • Adobe Reader • MP3 file translator • Gcast (podcasting) • Jott (audio to print memo) • Free SMS Messaging • Twitter!

  13. Mobile Phones and Civic Engagement: Southern High School, Durham NCSpring, 2008 • Service Learning Seminar: Teaching ESL • Ranked bottom 10 percent of NC High Schools • End of Course Test Passage Rate for LEP (Limited English Proficient): 16.7 percent • Cooperating English and World History Teachers

  14. M-Learning Goals • Increase oral presentation skills • Write personal essay • Research world-historical figure (One of history’s “troublemakers”) • Develop multimedia Powerpoint Presentation

  15. Project Activities • Voice Message Board: Duke Student Response • “Ask an Expert” link between Southern students and Duke professors • Old Fashioned “Call your Coach” link between Southern Students and Duke learning coaches. • Voice Recording: Audio Narration • Podcasting: This I Believe (Sample Podcast) • Incentives: Extra Cellphone Minutes for productivity

  16. What Didn’t Work • Southern Students and Duke Students did not talk by phone • Southern Students did not make productive use of phones outside of school • Incentives didn't work as motivators

  17. What Did Work • Audio Recording • Ask the Expert Message Board • Personalized Podcasting • Project-Based Learning in Small Groups • Team-Teaching

  18. Indicators of Success • Project Completion Rate • Student Attendance During Project Period • LEP Student Test Results (16.7 percent to 30.1 percent passage rate) • Student and Teacher Satisfaction

  19. Mobile Phones and Civic EngagementNorth Vietnam Summer, 2008

  20. Maximize Mobility and Safety of Students in Foreign Environment Group Text Messaging Free English-Vietnamese Dictionary Photo Images of Key Locations Photo Log of Students Mobile Applications and Purposes

  21. Audio Diaries Community Building & Documentation Photo-journalism

  22. SMS Poetry WhenI vIsted the orphanage, I went with balloons, hard candies, Old National Geographics The children grabbed for everything. I gave one a candy, others screamed Until seven or eight were clawing at my legs. They popped the balloons, Choked on the candies Shredded the magazines I looked over to the nun for help. She stopped ladling gruel into the communal trough “Next time, if you come, Bring enough for everyone, or bring nothing.” Wendy Wilder Larson

  23. Oral English Assessment Electronic Alphabet Book Personal Audio Dictionary Literacy through Photography Direct Service

  24. Project Documentaton

  25. M’Ubuntu: Mobile Phones Empowering Primary School Teachers to Address South Africa’s Literacy Crisis In the Works

  26. Mobile Phones in Your Course Share a specific example of how you could use of mobile phones in one of your own courses or projects. Be sure that the mobile phone is not a just a possible technology but actually a preferable one. Course …..Application/Feature…..Purpose Try calling and leaving your suggestions through SayNow: 919-521-4775