Buy Sustainable Quick Winsand Sustainable ICT Procurement Dr Kay Williams Nottingham Trent July 2009
Sustainable Consumption and Production • On 16 July 2008 the European Commission presented a series of proposals on sustainable consumption and production - the SCP Action Plan and Sustainable Industrial Policy (SIP) • Its aim - to contribute to improving the environmental performance of products and increase the demand for more sustainable goods and production technologies. • The proposals seek to encourage EU industry to seek opportunities to innovate • http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd/escp_en.htm
What are the components of SCP and SIP? The building blocks of the European Union's policy include: • Integrated Product Policy (IPP) • Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources • Thematic Strategy on Waste Prevention and Recycling • Eco- management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) • Ecolabel Scheme • Environmental • Environmental Technologies Action Plan (ETAP) • Green Public Procurement • Ecodesign of Energy using Products Directive (EuP) • European Compliance Assistance Programme – Environment & SMEs
Distribution and retail Raw materials End of life Consumer use Production The traditional flow of materials and products . . .. . . from cradle to grave What are “greener” goods? Greener goods are defined on a life-cycle basis, GPP will affect the whole supply chain; stimulate green standards in private procurement
What are the GPP priority sectors? • 1. Construction (covering raw materials, such as wood, aluminium, steel, concrete, glass as well as construction products and operational and end-of-life aspects of buildings, maintenance services, on-site performance of works contracts) • 2. Food and catering services • 3. Transport and transport services • 4. Energy (including electricity, heating and cooling coming from renewable energy sources) • 5. Office machinery and computers • 6. Clothing, uniforms and other textiles • 7. Paper and printing services • 8. Furniture • 9. Cleaning products and services • 10. Equipment used in the health sector
GPP - Political targets • The Commission proposes that, by 2010, 50 % of all tendering procedures should be green, where "green" means "compliant with endorsed common “core” GPP criteria. • The percentage would be expressed in both number and value of green contracts as compared to the overall number and value of contracts concluded in the sectors for which common “core” GPP criteria have been identified.
What are “Quick Wins”? • ‘Buy Sustainable – Quick Wins’ are a set of sustainable specifications for a range of commonly-purchased products, including IT equipment, white goods, paper, etc. • They consist of both a set of mandatory minimum standards and best practice specifications. • The minimum standards are mandatory for central government and it agencies but the best practice specifications are voluntary and highlight the “best in class” products in certain areas. • Best practice specification signal the direction of travel for future product standards • Anyone can use these specifications during procurement
ICT Criteria Coverage: • Computing Products • Desktop PCs • Laptop PCs • Workstation PCs • Monitors • Imaging Products • Laser Printers • Laser MFD’s • Inkjet Printers • Inkjet MFD’s • Scanners
ICT Best Practice Criteria • Environmental Lifecycle Impact Categories • Energy consumption • Disassembly/recycling • Product lifetime • Material composition • Emissions • Packaging and documentation characteristics • Basic Cost Benefit Analysis
Cost Benefit Analysis and market capacity evaluation • for ICT (computer products) central government expenditure would increase by around 2.5% over a ten year period (approximately 2.8% for the wider public sector). Although across the whole life of the product, due to increased life span and/or re-sale value the cost increase of adopting these specifications may be significantly lower which could result in an overall benefit • for ICT (imaging products) expenditure would decrease by around 4% over a ten year period for both central government and the wider public sector.
Where did the criteria come from? • These have been drawn from existing standards IEEE 1680 which underpins EPEAT scheme and ECMA 370/IT ECO Declarations. • Database of environmental product data for each product type • Environmental performance compared against criteria in ECMA-370 and EPEAT (Computing products only) • Environmental Technical Specifications and Award Criteria developed in line with market performance • Comparison against “other” sets of specifications
Results of minimum criteria • Database of environmental product data for each product type • Product environmental data sourced from: • ECMA-370/IT ECO Declarations • EPEAT database • Product environmental performance compared against criteria in ECMA-370 and EPEAT • Environmental Technical Specifications and Award Criteria developed in line with market performance • Comparison against “other” sets of specifications Buy Sustainable Quick Wins: Computing Products
ICT Best Practice Criteria: Market Share ICT Best Practice Criteria: Computing Products
ICT Imaging Best Practice Criteria :Market Share Candidate ICT Best Practice Criteria: Computing Products
Basic Cost Benefit Analysis • Across product groups • For each level of environmental performance • Purchase price only (running costs not considered) • In process of including running costs into analysis • Purchase price included for base model (where possible)
Questions and Contacts • Dr Kay Williams Defra - Team Leader, sustainable product standards and carbon footprinting Kay.Williams@defra.gsi.gov.uk • Tel: 0207 238 6451 • Jonathan Wood • Atuitive – Consultant • Jonathan.firstname.lastname@example.org • Tel: 0207 193 8442 • Mob: 07855 859 211