What does MLA stand for? A group of scholars that make rules and guidelines for professional writing.
What it is? • A trusted set of rules that shows you how your paper should look. • Rules that govern how you cite your sources. • The guidelines that most scholars, colleges and high schools use.
Why do we use it? • It makes your research paper professional! • It helps you avoid plagiarism! PLAGIARISM: is a very serious offense. It is using another author’s words and claiming them as your own by not citing them in your paper. If done, it can lead to serious consequences. • It organizes your writing process. • You will use it 9-12 grade and into college.
What does the first page look like? 12 point size font Times New Roman font 1” margins all around Page numbers on all pages: Example: Lewis 1, Lewis 2, Lewis 3 etc. Line 1: Name Line 2: Teacher Name Line 3: Subject Line 4: Period # Line 5: Date Title is centered ½” indent before paragraph
What does the last page look like? • The “Works Cited” page comes at the very end of your research paper. It is an alphabetical list of sources (books, encyclopedias, websites and journals) that you have quoted in your paper.
What does the last page look like? Works Cited Bennett, Rad. “This is Widescreen” Sound & Vision Jan. 2001: 108-112. Calvino, Italo. “Cybernetics and Ghosts.” The Uses of Literature: Essays. Trans: Patrick Creagh. San Diego: Harcourt, 1982. 3- 27. Camus, Albert. The Stranger. New York: Vintage International, 1989. 10-31. Natale, Richard. “‘Traffic’ Revs Up, but Tom’s Still in the Driver’s Seat.” Los Angeles Times 8 Jan. 2001; F4+.
Book citation Last name, first name. Title. City: Publishing Company, Year. Pages. EXAMPLE: Camus, Albert. The Stranger. New York: Vintage International, 1989. 10- 31. Indent ½” after the first line.
Newspaper article Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name Day Month Year: section or page. EXAMPLE: Natale, Richard. “’Traffic’ Revs Up, but Tom’s Still in the Driver’s Seat.” LosAngeles Times 8 January 2001; F4. Indent ½” after the first line
Let’s try some entries! Create entries for the following: • 1. A book by Robert Akins called Greeks and Romans. It was published by Random House in Philadelphia in 1987. • 2. A book by Henry Goldman called Ancient Civilizations. It was published in Philadelphia by Gold House in 1989.
ANSWERS Akin, Robert. Greeks and Romans. Philadelphia: Random House, 1987. Goldman, Henry. Ancient Civilizations. Philadelphia: Gold House, 1989.
Let’s try more entries • 1. Linda Lewis wrote an article entitled “Atlanta Roadways are in Need of Repair” in the Atlanta Journal Constitution on June 15, 2006. It was located on page C3. • 2. Joshua Petruna wrote an article on February 2, 2001 called “Saving Money on Electronics” in the Cleveland Plain Dealer. It was located on E2.
Answers • Lewis, Linda. “Atlanta Roadways are in Need of Repair.” Atlanta Journal Constitution June 15, 2006: C3. • Petruna, Joshua. “Saving Money on Electronics.” Cleveland Plain Dealer February 2, 2001: E2.
Now, it is your turn. • Each of you will be given a magazine and a note card. You must (on your own) cite this source correctly. • If you were quoting information from it in your paper, how would you use parenthesis to document where you found it? Show me.
Parenthetical documentation • “Often time, people do not care about domestic violence. They figure if it is not happening in their house, why should they worry” (Fox 13). • According to National Geographic, “30,000 rodents die miserable deaths every day” (Keller 47).
Revising to Improve Video Peer Editing Checklist Link YOUR JOB . . . 1. Read the essay 2 times 2. Fill out the Peer Editing Checklist 3. Make at least 2 comments about STRENGTHS Make at least 2 comments about WEAKNESSES Sign at the bottom of the Checklist Discuss Findings with your partner