Clothing Management Unit 1 Clothing Selection Tonja Bolding Lakeside High School Revised 2010
Unit 1 terms 1. analogous – colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel 2. body shape – how the body is proportioned according to geometric shapes 3. classics – clothing styles that remain in fashion a long time 4. color schemes – a pleasing combination of colors based on their respective positions on the color wheel 5. color wheel – a chart that shows the relationship among colors or hues 6. complimentary – colors directly across from each other on the color wheel 7.consumer – a person who uses goods and services 8. decorative lines – lines added to a garment 9. elements of design – tools such as (line, form, space, texture, color) 10. fad – fashions that are popular for a short time 11. fashion – style that is popular at a given time 12. fashion cycle – the decline and return of a specific style
13. intermediate colors – color made by combining equal amounts of a primary and secondary color 14. monochromatic – consisting of one color and its tints and shades 15. optical illusion – visual impression used to emphasize or minimize a body feature 16. primary colors – three colors from which all other colors are made 17. principles of design – guidelines for working with the elements of design 18. secondary colors – color made by combing equal amounts of two primary colors 19. silhouette – the outline or the outer shape of an object 20. split complimentary – a color scheme using one color with the two colors on either side of its compliment 21. structural lines – lines formed as the pieces of a garment are sewn together 22. style – the shape of a particular item of clothing that makes it easy to recognize 23. triadic – a color scheme using three colors an equal distance apart on the color wheel
1.1 List reasons people wear clothes • Identification • within a group • Modesty • the extent to which the body is covered • Physical Protection • from the elements • Safety • on the job • Self Expression • personality
MASLOW’S HIEARCHY OF NEEDS Physical Needs Protection from the weather coat, hat, scarf Safety and security From harm or injury helmet, steel toed boots, knee pads, bullet proof vest Love and Acceptance To belong to a group current fashion, cultural standards, modesty Esteem To admired or respected, social approval expensive name brands, piercing, tattoos Self-Actualization Personal achievement individuality, self expression
1.2 Name factors that influence clothing selection income a consumer(a person who uses goods and services) must be aware of the funds budgeted for clothing culture traditions passed down from ancestors family What your family deems appropriate peers things worn by people your own age media what is seen on tv, and in magazines
1.3 Describe the history of fashion from the 1700’s to present day • View PowerPoint-Fashion Thru the Ages
1.4 Describe the difference between styles: fad, fashion, classic • fad (fashions that are popular for a short time) • fashion (style that is popular at a given time) • classics (clothing styles that remain in fashion a long time) 1970’s disco shoes with goldfish Christian Dior leather sandals 1950’s vintage embroidered stiletto pumps
The style(refers to garments that have a distinctive characteristic) of agarment is often recognized by its silhouette (the outline or outer shape of an object) graduation gown men’s suit women’s suit
fashion cycle(the decline and return of a specific style) When fashions from a previous era come back mini skirts leggings bell bottom /flared jeans 1.4.3 Illustrate the fashion cycle
1.5 Define basic body shape(how the body is proportioned according to geometric shapes) Triangle Narrow shoulders in comparison to hips Inverted Triangle Wide shoulders in comparison to hips Rectangle Little or no waist indentions Hourglass Balanced hip and shoulder width with a small waist
1.6 Describe the color wheel (a chart that shows the relationship among colors or hues) There are 12 hues in the spectrum of color. They are divided into three categories…
Primary Colors(three colors from which all other colors are made) red yellow blue These colors cannot be combined from mixing any colors together.
green violet orange Secondary Color(color made by combining equal amounts of two primary colors)
IntermediateColors(color made by combining equal amounts of a primary and secondary color) yellow-green blue-green blue-violet red-violet red-orange yellow-orange Named by the primary color FIRST
1.7 Identify basic color schemes (a pleasing combination of colors based on their respective positions on the color wheel) monochromatic analogous complementary split complementary triad
Complementary(colors directly across from each other on the color wheel) Note: Pink is a tint of red and lime green is a tint of green because white has been added to the color.
Split Complementary(a color scheme using one color with the tow colors on either side of its compliment
Triad(a color scheme using three colors an equal distance apart on the color wheel)
1.8 Name the elements of design (tools such as line, form, space, texture, color) color line shape/form space texture
Color and line can be used to create optical illusions(visual impression used to emphasize or minimize a body feature) Vertical lines carry the eye upward, for a taller, thinner look. Horizontal lines make the wearer look wider and shorter.
Diagonal lines are angled or slanted, they suggest activity and excitement and attract attention • Curved lines gently bend and create the appearance of softness and fullness
Warm Colors colors on the warm side of the wheel… red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, yellow make the wearer look larger because they advance
Cool Colors Colors on the cool side of the color wheel…green, blue-green, blue, blue-violet, violet make the wearer look smaller because they recede
Shape/Form Tubular forms are more vertical with no defined waist such as a man’s suit. Full forms are achieved by loose fitting garments such as full shirts, skirt or pants having wide legs. Bell shaped forms are more defined at the waist and flare.
Texture • describes the surface characteristics that determine the look and feel of an object Space • the area inside the shape
1.9 Name the principles of design (guidelines for working with the elements of design) proportion harmony emphasis rhythm balance
Proportion the relationship between one part to another and of all the parts of the whole Harmony achieved when then the elements of design are used according to the principles of design, creating a pleasing image
Emphasis the center of attention Rhythm the feeling of movement created by line, shape, or color
Balance Formal/Symmetrical balance is achieved when both sides look the same. Informal/Asymmetrical balance is achieved when the design is not alike on each side.
1.10 Define structural and decorative lines Structural lines (lines formed as the pieces of a garment are sewn together) Decorative Lines (lines added to a garment)
1.11 Identify characteristics of quality clothing • High Quality Garments • Best construction features • plaids and stripes match • Best materials • quality fabric and trims • attention to detail • good design principles are followed • Higher quality clothing items often cost more. • Banana Republic and Ralph Lauren make quality clothing items. • You often get what you pay for.
1.11 Identify characteristics of quality clothing -continued- • Medium Quality Garments • Good, reliable construction features • Well made and durable • Quality fabric • Good design • garments are in the medium price range • example: Old Navy
1.11 Identify characteristics of quality clothing -continued- • Lowest Quality Garments • Not as well made • Construction quality is poor • Fabric will not hold up to repeated wash and wear • Design principles may not be followed • generally the lowest priced garments • fad and trendy clothing may fit this description, but the price may be high due to demand
Things to look for when choosing a quality garment…. quality fabric used collars are even and have sharp points topstitching is smooth buttons sewn on securely and place correctly well made button holes pockets sewn securely pockets on flat and without wrinkles patterns in the fabric matches at seams reinforced stitching at bottom of zipper zippers have a locking pull tab seams are straight and not puckered seams are wide enough to alter if needed