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  1. Aces You are a clergy member in the Catholic Church in France…

  2. Jacks You are a rich noble in France…

  3. 2-10 Cards You are a peasant in France and are barely getting by…

  4. Aces- Clergymen in the Catholic Church • Jacks- Nobles in France • 2-10 Cards- Peasants in France

  5. Vote “Yes” or “No” Taxes will be placed on all three social classes. The nobles and clergymen will now have to pay at least 20% of what they have as well as support the peasant class. Whereas before they did not pay any taxes but still ran the government how they wanted to.

  6. Leading up to The French Revolution Chapter 23 Sections 1

  7. France in 1700’s • Considered most advanced country in Europe • Old Regime—the social and political system in France • There were three social classes or estates

  8. First Estate • Made up of clergy of the Roman Catholic Church • Accounted for less than 1% of the population of France • Owned 10% of land in France • Contributed 2% of income to government

  9. Second Estate • Made up of rich nobles • Accounted for 2% of the population of France • Owned 20% of the land in France • Did not pay taxes…for the most part • Held highest offices in government

  10. Third Estate • Included bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers • Accounted for 97% of the population of France • Paid 50% of their income to the government (taxes)

  11. What Estate(s) are going to like the ideas of the Enlightenment? Why? What Estate(s) are going to reject the ideas of the Enlightenment? Why?

  12. Comte D’Antraigues “The Third Estate is the People and the People is the foundation of the state; it is in fact the State itself; the…People is everything. Everything should be subordinated to it…It is in the People that all national power resides and for the People that all states exist.”

  13. 1780’s France’s Economy was Declining… • Tax burden fell upon poor---made business impossible • Price of living was rising • Crop failures resulted in a shortage of grain----price of bread doubled by 1789

  14. France’s Extravagant Spending • Great debt from American Revolution • Queen Marie Antoinette spent fortunes on gowns, jewels, gambling, and gifts • “Madame Deficit”

  15. Estates-General • An assembly of representatives from all three estates • Called to approve a new tax in 1789 • Each Estate had one vote

  16. Third Estate---Enlightenment • The Third Estate had been inspired by the Enlightenment ideas • They wanted each delegate from each estate to have a vote • This did not happen, so they created the National Assembly

  17. National Assembly • Inspired by Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes • Consisted of Delegates from the Third Estate • Passed laws in the name of the French people • Ended absolute monarchy and enacted a republic in France

  18. Tennis Court Oath • Third Estate delegates broke into an indoor tennis court • Pledged to stay until a new Constitution was drawn up • Nobles and clergy who wanted reform joined their cause

  19. Fall of Bastille • July 14, 1789 • A mob searching for gunpowder stormed and overthrew a prison, Bastille, outside of Paris • “Bastille Day” is similar to the 4th of July here in the United States

  20. Great Fear • A wave of terror, called the Great Fear, swept throughout all of France • Riots and rumors of war swept France • A group of women marched on Versailles