Irene Pepperberg and ALEX (African Grey Parrot) Alex taught with MODEL/RIVAL SYSTEM
Power of the Unconscious John Bargh asked subjects to sort word groups into sentences: ~ the behaved aggressively dog ~ sleep noises disturb loud ~ for patiently waiting midnight ~ man courteous was the
GROUP ONE ~ the behaved aggressively dog ~ sleep noises disturb loud Waited average of 5 minutes GROUP TWO ~ for patiently waiting midnight ~ man courteous was the Waited almost 10 minutes, 82% entire 10 min period
Self-Awareness - Evidence in non-human animals?
Gallup 1970, 1982 Painted red dot on forehead of mirror-familiar primates.
Gallup 1970, 1982 Painted red dot on forehead of mirror- familiar primates. Chimps, orangutans and 18 month + old children inspected self in mirror.
Gallup 1970, 1982 Chimps, orangutans and 18 month + old children inspected self in mirror. Monkeys, gorillas and children under 18 m did not. Similar results in dolphins: Inspected magic marker dots in mirror
Is mirror recognition a good test of self-awareness? ~ Children don’t touch noses until 15-18 months ~ What if species doesn’t touch its face?
Self awareness vs. Self recognition ~ Female doves have site in brain that recognizes their own “coo” ~ Song birds have site iin brain that recognizes their own song.
Is self-awareness first step toward COGNITIVE EMPATHY?
EMPATHY Ability to put one’s self in another’s place Requires “theory of mind” Not inherently related to kindness
SYMPATHY ~ Empathy, plus concern ~ Understanding and CARING about another
Video … PRIME TIME PRIMATES (also at Primate Library)
How would Frans de Waal explain the organutan results?
BIOL: Bonding and Identification-based Observational Learning * Learning driven by a desire to conform, to fit in. * Distinguish from Operant Conditioning
CONCIOUSNESS: What is it? R. Boakes: “Attributing conscious thought to animals should be strenuously avoided in any serious attempt to understand their behavior, since it is untestable, empty, obstructionist and based on a false dichotomy. . .”
Tononi (UW-Madison) Result of communication between different parts of the brain…?