The Beginning • 1st Race- 1903, 60 riders • 1st Winner- Maurice Garin “The Chimney Sweep”
Created as a way to sell the newspaper “L’Auto” • A publicity stunt which destroyed “Le Velo”, a competing newspaper
The first racers played dirty, leaving nails on the roads and traveling by car • They even took train rides!
1905- harsh mountain roads added into path • 1910- Race path changed to trek through the Alps and the Pyrenees. • 1911- Allegations that racers were poisoning rivals!
Changes in 1930 • Formation of teams of 8 members • Everyone would ride identical bikes • Today- Teams of 9
23 Day, 21 Stage road race • Race through France and sometimes neighboring countries • http://www.all-london.org.uk/Resources/TourDeFrance/Le Tour de France parcours - map Jun 30.swf
The Yellow Jersey • “Le maillot jaune” For the overall points winner of the day L’Auto’s magazine pages were yellow -> advertising
The Green Jersey • “Le maillot vert” • Winner of the sprints for the day • Begun in the 1930’s by a gardening company who thought green would be the best color for advertising
The Polka-Dot Jersey • “Le maillot aux pois rouges” • White with red dots • For the King of the Mountain • For the best climber • A chocolate company sponsored the jersey and the design copied their candy wrappers
The Red Jersey • “La lanterne rouge” • For the unlucky last rider • “Etre la laterne rouge”- to be the last • Jersey discontinued in 1989
Town businesses close for the day • People picnic along the route • The race ends in Paris on L’Avenue des Champs Elysées at the Arc de Triomphe
Lance Armstrong • Won 7 times from 1999-2005 • Only cyclist to win 7 consecutive times • Broke the record of 5 times • 9, September 2008-announced he will return to the Tour de France • http://www.lancearmstrong.com/
Le Tour de France Féminin • Began in 1984 • Race solely for women cyclists • From 1987-1989, dominated by French cyclist Jeanie Longo
Le Vocabulaire • Le cyclisme- cycling, biking • Un coureur /un cycliste- a rider, a cyclist • Une équipe- a team • La tète de cours- the leader • Un vélo de course- a racing bike