The 3 Branches of the Federal Government
A Framework of Government The Constitution outlines and details responsibilities of each government branch. It is divided into 7 articles, each spelling out a specific function or role of the government. The first three articles describe the three branches of the government. The articles tells what each branch can and cannot do. They also list the qualifications for office.
Article 1- The Legislative Branch Joe Barton (R ) Article I of the Constitution established this branch and gave Congress the power to make laws. Congress has two parts, the House of Representatives (based on a state’s population) and the Senate (2 from each state). • House of Representatives (435 members) • Must be at least 25 years old • 2 year terms • Senate (100 members) • Must be at least 30 years old • 6 year terms John Cornyn (R) and Kay Bailey Hutchinson (R)
Article 1- The Legislative Branch Article I is the longest part of the Constitution—longer than Articles II and III combined( executive and the judiciary). Article I allows Congress to make all laws “necessary and proper” for carrying out the powers specifically granted. Congress has two primary functions: To make laws (bills) Control govt. spending It does the majority of this in committees Joint Session of Congress listening to the State of the Union Address
Article 2- The Executive Branch The executive branch of Government makes sure that the laws of the United States are obeyed. The President of the United States is the head of the executive branch of government. The President is also the: Chief Diplomat Commander in Chief Chief of State Legislative Leader Requirements to be President: At least 35 years old Native-born citizen Lived in the U.S. at least 14 years
44 The framers of the Constitution expected that Congress would overshadow the newly created executive and judicial branches, and they spelled out its powers in considerable detail. They also placed explicit limits on the powers of Congress, to balance its weight against the other branches. Thus, Barack Obama A branch may use its powers to check the powers of the other two in order to maintain a balance of power among the three branches of government.
Article 3- The Judicial Branch The judicial branchof government is made up of the court system. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. Article III of the Constitution established this Court and all other Federal courts were created by Congress. Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they break the rules of the Constitution. Requirements to be a Supreme Court Judge: Be appointed by the President and Approved by Congress