Sir Robert Laird Borden 8th Prime Minister of Canada June 26, 1854- June 10, 1937
Early Life • Born into a poor family on a farm in Grand Pre, Nova Scotia • First job as a teacher when he was 14 • worked as a clerk at a Halifax law office • Called to the Bar • He quickly becomes a successful lawyer.
Early Life Cont’d • becomes a partner in a prominent Halifax law firm with Graham and Charles Hibbert Tupper (son of Sir Charles Tupper) • Married to Laura Bond • The Tupper family draws Borden into politics.
Positions on Politics • Dislikes politics • Finds politics unorganized unlike the courts • Conservative • Strongly against reciprocity
Rise to Power • 1901, elected by Conservative caucus to succeed Sir Charles Tupper as leader of the Conservative Party. • ten years as leader of the opposition • A lot of Canada became dissatisfied with Laurier’s policies • Borden targeted the anti-Laurier groups in the election of 1911
Rise to Power Cont’d • Anti Laurier groups consisted of: Business people against reciprocity, French Canadians against the Naval Service Act, and Conservative provincial administrations • Used slogans: “Canadianism or Continentalism”, “a white Canada”, and “no truck nor trade with the Yankees.” • Won the 1911 election
Accomplishments as Prime Minister • 1914, War Measures Act • 1916, Issue of war profiteering • 1917, won election by creating a union government • 1917, Military Service Act • 1917, War Tax Act • 1917, Wartimes Election Act • 1917, Military Voters Act • Represented Canada at Paris Peace Conference • Convinced Britain to let all of its Dominions separately sign the Treaty of Versailles • Approved use of troops to put down Winnipeg general strike • Last Prime Minister to be knighted
Final Days • In 1920, Borden resigned due to bad health • Replaced by Arthur Meighen • Became successful businessman and chancellor of Queens University
Analysis of Borden’s Effectiveness • Protected Canada from the influence of American businesses • Made Canada less integrated with Britain • Gave the opportunity to women to vote • Gave incentives to the men who went to war • An effective Prime Minister even though he was considered to be indecisive
Works Cited • Books • Title: Canadian Prime Ministers. Warts & All- Sir Robert Borden • Author: Irene Ternier Gordon • Published: 2007, Jack Fruit Press Ltd. • Publisher: Jaqueline Brown • Editor: Greg Mazlak • Websites • http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/2/4/h4-3205-e.html , 2002-01-29, researched on Jan. 2, 2010 • "Sir Robert Laird Borden." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. Encyclopedia.com. 2 Jan. 2010 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>., • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Borden#First_World_War , “Robert Borden”, Jan 1 2010, researched on Jan 2, 2010