Purpose • TO INFORM • GIVES FACTUAL INFORMATION ON A SPECIFIC TOPIC • THE INFORMATION SHOULD BE EASY TO FIND AND UNDERSTAND
Examples • Non fiction book (e.g. geography) • Letter • Catalogue • Information leaflet • Magazine article • Topic based school project • Tourist guide book • Encyclopaedia entry • HISTORY – reports on historical figures • SCIENCE – characteristics and habitats of plants and animals • GEOGRAPHY – reports on different places and geographical features e.g. rivers, mountains
Structure • The title of the report is the subject e.g. Roman Housing. • The first paragraph introduces the subject of the whole report. • New paragraphs are used for each fact or description, often with sub-headings. • It is NOT written in chronological order. • It is often written in continuous present tense (although historical reports are written in the past tense). • Ends with a paragraph summarising key points.
Language Features • Present tense (except historical reports) • Third person • Formal tone • Subject-specific vocabulary • Each paragraph starts with a general statement and then goes on to give more detail • Describes • References information sources
Other Features • Pictures • Diagrams • Tables • Charts • Graphs • Glossary
What Can You Remember? Purpose Examples Other Features Structure Language Features`