World History Final Exam ReviewSecond Semester(from the Review Outline)
Absolute Monarchs • Define Absolutism. What is it?
1.This was when a monarch or ruler had all the power. They believed that they had the “god-given” right to rule. (Examples: Phillip of Spain, King Louis XIV –built Versailles; Later XVI – French Revolution)
What was the Thirty Year’s War? (30)
3. European conflict over: • Religion, Territory • And for power among ruling families lasting from 1618 to 1648. • France increased its power while weakening Spain and Germany.
Explain the Glorious Revolution.
5. This was a conflict that happened when Mary and her husband William of Orange deposed her father, James, and forced him off the throne of England because he was a Catholic and they were Protestants. It was called “ Glorious” because no one died.
Who was Czar Ivan (The Terrible) of Russia?
He was czar of Russia; a Romanov;when his wife died he ruled Russia harshly. Absolute Ruler of Russia
7. The boyars were the land owning nobles of Russia that suffered greatly under Ivan the Terrible. They lost much power & influence.
King Louis the XIV He built the palace of Versailles to show off the power and wealth of France.
9. He wanted a city on the seaport to travel west. He used many serfs to build it and many died.
10. What form of government did the Dutch choose after gaining freedom from Spain?
The Dutch chose a REPUBLIC.
11. To show off the ruler’s power and create envy between the other monarchs
13. How was the economy of Central Europe different from that of western Europe?
Serfs (servants) in central Europe remained on the land to work the crops.
What was the significance of the English Bill of Rights?
14. The English Bill of Rights made clear the limits of royal power. It gave Britain stronger nobles with rights, like trial by jury.
Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment 1. What is the heliocentric theory?
1 & 2. This was the idea that the sun is at the center of the universe. This was proposed by Copernicus. Galileo Galili also supported Copernicus’s theory. He even had to be under house arrest because of his beliefs.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
John Locke He believed all people are born free and equal with three natural rights: life, liberty, property
7. Progress More secular outlook faith in Science
What were the Navigation Acts?
8. England’s Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and its colonies.
What was the Stamp Act?
10. They boycotted Britain’s manufactured goods. (Remember the Boston Tea Party?)
Hobbes believed that the ruler needed total power to keep citizens under control. His view is that an absolute monarchy could impose order and demand obedience. (In other words…he believed in the total opposite view of Locke.)
12. How did the Declaration of Independence embody Enlightenment ideas?