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GCSE Writing Frame Templates. Textiles 2010 – controlled timed assessments. Task Analysis and Design Brief. Design Brief Write in here your design brief!. Tasks. Action Planning for the project: . . . . Mood Board. Product Analysis. Product Picture 1 . Product Picture 2.
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GCSE Writing Frame Templates Textiles 2010 – controlled timed assessments
Task Analysis and Design Brief Design Brief Write in here your design brief! Tasks • Action Planning for the project: • . • . • .
Product Analysis Product Picture 1 Product Picture 2 Product One I think – Product Two I think … Now compare the two, which are the better products? Why? Who would use them? What is successful about them? What is not successful? • Questions to ask when analysing existing products on the market: • Structure • Size and shape suitable for the purpose • Dimensions and proportion • Weight to be supported • Volume capacity • Strength • How has strength been built in? • Reinforcement techniques used • Quality/weight of fabric used • Aesthetics/decoration • Do they enhance purpose? • Do they improve appearance? • Features and appeal to customer/for situation
Environmental issues associated with the textile industry linking into the new programme of study GCSE • Sustainable textiles: • Impact on the environment • Community development • Sustainable communities • Long term pollution implications • World trade organisation • Sustainable promoters of environmentally sound textiles • Child labour • Local Fairtrade organisation Harrogate • Health and Safety in the modern industrial Textile industry: • Child labour • Safety training • Clothing for safety • Equipment maintenance • Long term work hazards repetitive stress injuries On this slide complete some research into the effects of the textile industry on the environment
Your checklist of tasks to do on the disassembling sheet • Take part in a discussion about the reasons for product disassembly • From a given range choose and item to disassemble • Sketch the product before disassembly • disassemble the product • sketch the component parts and label them • label the parts • annotate the sketch to indicate the function of at least one par • name all of the textiles used in the product • identify one reason why the textile used is a good choice • suggest one possible development which could be made to the product to improve its function
Disassembling an existing product Pattern development Measurements Materials and equipment used Seam allowances Components Techniques Cost Measurements
How to analyse your research and write up a design specification Product analysis Where did you find the products to analyse? What price range did they come under? Overall what functions do they all have, (i.e. educational and what benefits would they have for a child learning)? What aesthetics do they have (appearance)? How have they been made, techniques, materials, and quality of manufacture, safety features and technology? Who is your client, do they have a corporate image, what graphical styles have they used when promoting their product? How will these products help you design your own?
Now write up a design specification – How do you do this? The product design specification (PDS) is a very important document in the design process as it contains all the information necessary for a design team to successfully produce a solution to the design problem. A PDS splits the problem up into smaller categories to make it easier to consider the problem. Anthropometrics Anthropometrics is the study and recording of the physical properties of the human body. Ergonomics Ergonomics investigates how we use our environment and the design of environments which enable users to use the environments easily and comfortably. An example of where ergonomics is used is the design of the cockpit of an aircraft. Now that I have carried out all the research I have written the Design Specification as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Essential Needs Desirable needs
Health and safety in my work • Health and safety will always be relevant, as it relates to industrial practice. Use these notes to help you produce you next sheet! • Costumes would need to satisfy a number of health and safety criteria mainly to do with fire safety - the fabrics used to make costumes would need to fire retardant and be treated with a special flameproof finish. Other detail that would be taken into consideration would be how the costume is to be constructed - easy access would be required for costume changes with Velcro or zips being commonly used. • With children’s wear the manager would have to consider the quantity required in order to have the correct amount of machinery in place and the number of workers. They would also need to consider whether the facilities were available to ensure that a flame retardant finish could be added to the nightwear to comply with clothing regulations. • Consumer Safety Act • Consumer rights - Consumers, including consumers of textile products, have rights protected by law. The table summarises the three key pieces of consumer rights legislation. • Type of legislation • How it protects you • Example – • Trade Descriptions Act • Statements about the product must be true • A 'waterproof' product must not let in the rain • Sale of Goods Act • The product must be of satisfactory quality • The product must perform as expected, eg it should not fall apart after being worn only once • Consumer Safety Act • Nightwear Safety Regulations protect children between three months and 13 years old from fire hazards • Children's nightwear including threads and decoration must carry a permanent label to show that they meet the flammability standard • You need to protect people from: • Dyes and chemicals in textile finishing: an introduction; • Dust control in dyestuff handling; • Selection and safe use of spotting solvents in textile and clothing industries; • Give safety training; • Provide the correct safety clothing; • Make sure all machines are maintained often; • Make sure all guards are down when machines are operating; • No over head loose wires; • Ensure that workers do not suffer from repetitive strain injury.
Development Samples -CAD CAM in my work Put a range of images that show how CAD-CAM has been used in the textile industry. Introduction Say why you are showing this piece of information What type of systems are used in the textile industry that use CAD-CAM? Tell the reader how you will complete the technique! Use the help notes to guide you through the sheet Put a range of images that show how CAD-CAM has been used in the textile industry. Put a range of images that show how CAD-CAM has been used in the textile industry. Instructions on how to use the CAD-CAM embroidery machine
Development – Techniques I have carried out and will use when making the product
Example of a flow diagram – delete this slide after you have analysed it!
Flow Diagram – this can be for one process of your product making or one recipe
Once you have made your product you may wish to write up a testing and modification sheet. The examiner likes to see this. What can you do? Ask a sample of people to evaluate your product Draw up an Excel chart grading the product you decide what the grading system should be (you could call this the criteria or criterion or assessment points grading from 1-6 6 being high, 1 being low or 1-10 grading, 10 being perfect 1 being poor) Ask them what they think about the appearance, quality, function, style, materials used, market appeal, texture, environmental concerns, cost, durability and anything else you feel many help build up a profile about your made product. Ask yourself could you make any modification to improve the product? Can I use more industrial equipment? Can I alter the materials? Could I use cheaper materials? Could I make it smaller? Could I use alternative equipment to raise the quality of finish? Manufacturing and packaging phase after manufacture check that the product conforms to its specification (you have already written this up). During packaging, check that the product fits securely in the package, and that any parts are fixed firmly. Critical control points Look at all the points in the making stages that were critical, such as when the product was outputted on the Denford Maxi Router. What when wrong? How could it have been put right? Was there a similar sequence of making that could have stopped the mistakes? Do you think the materials were the cause of the problems? Tell the examiner what points in the testing that you feel are really important? Delete this slide once you have used it as a source of help!
The Costing of the Product – this sheet explains why you need to work out the cost of your prototype All manufacturing companies sell their products to make profit. The profit on each product sold can be defined as the difference between the selling price of the product and the total cost of making the product. Cost therefore plays a very important role in the product design process. To be successful, a product must not only satisfy a set of functions defined in the product design specification, but it must also be possible to build the product within the cost criteria set out at the start of the project. Before the development of any product begins, it is essential to perform some form of economic analysis on the product to determine if it is worth making.
The Costing of the Product Price of product £
Final evaluation of the project – use these questions to help you compile the final report • EVALUATION – GCSE Product Design • This should be on-going as the project progresses and should be recorded throughout your design work. At the end of your project you will need to test, judge and decide how successful your solution is. • The questions set out below are designed to help you make your final evaluation. Do not simply answer the questions but use them as a prompt to compile your evaluation report. • What did you set out to design and make? • What made you decide on the particular item(s)? • What aspects of your research were particularly helpful in designing your solution? • Do you think you did sufficient research or were there some aspects you missed or could have done more on • Did you find it easy/difficult to generate your design ideas? Explain what influenced your ideas. • Does your design satisfy the design brief? • How well does it meet all the criteria in your specification? • Now that you have made your design, are you pleased with the outcome? Has it turned out how you planned? Is it better or is it disappointing? • Have you tested your outcome? If so, how did you go about this and what were your results? • Does it fit in well with the environment for which it is intended? Will it be easy to use? Easy to access? • Try to include observations/comments from potential users or other people’s opinions about your final outcome(s)? • Did you keep to your production plan? If not say why. • Did you encounter any problems making your outcome(s)? If so, what were they, was there a particular reason for this, and how did you overcome them? • Did you change your design in any way? If so what were these changes and why did you make them? Use sketches and notes to show these. • If you were to do the project again are there any parts you would do differently? What and why? • Do you think you have made good use of the time available for this project? Have you wasted time? Could you have attempted more? • If your design was to be produced commercially e.g. as a ‘small batch’, what changes, if any, would need to be made to your design. What industrial processes would be used to design and/or make it?