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GIS Update PCC 2013

GIS Update PCC 2013

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GIS Update PCC 2013

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  1. GIS UpdatePCC 2013 -Trent Hare GIS for Planetary Mappers

  2. MRCTR GIS Lab – What is it Funded by: PG&G Cartography

  3. Overview • ArcMap 10.1, 10.2 Highlights (Crater Tools) • Scale and Nomenclature news (for GIS Users) • ISIS Introduction and Updates • Map Projection on the Web (POW) GIS for Planetary Mappers

  4. New ArcMap 10.1 features – Top Five • Better support and ISIS3(Issues: multi-nodata values, odd projections) • Rasters: Set NoData (single value) in properties without creating a new image. Auto register images (one at a time). • Legends support the display of only features in the visible extent and features counts. • Snap to sketch (really at 10.0). Minor for most – major for mappers. Also simplified topology (easier to keep edges together). Enable Editor Tracking. Recover data from a file geodatabase. • Draw screen enhancements. E.g. Press the M key when in streaming mode to digitize while the pen is pressed down and stop digitizing when you lift up the pen)

  5. The Editor toolbar has been redesigned. Feature templates (more like Illustrator editing). New snapping environment – on by default. Snap to sketch Start editing by right-clicking a layer. The Attributes and other editing windows have been redesigned. Selecting features and editing vertices is easier - select, add, and remove multiple vertices by drawing a box. Editing @ 10.x

  6. Mosaic Raster Type A mosaic dataset is a collection of raster datasets (images) stored as a catalog & viewed as a dynamically mosaicked image.

  7. Virtual Image Functions

  8. ArcMap CraterToolsfrom fu-berlin. Email for latest version

  9. Crater Helper Tools(or the Crater/Feature tools)for ArcMap 10 by Richard A Nava

  10. What for? • Originally for “nomenclature” • To digitize craters and other features • Store several attributes about each feature on creation • Geodesic length and area measurements • Any projection • All information is stored in point features • Show measurements as graphics, or create polylines • Link polylines to points Lat, Lon Area Extents Azimuth Diameter

  11. Creating/Measuring Features Select a mode Select a tool Create/measure on map Lat, Lon Km (polyline) Km Deg. Xmin , Ymax Km2

  12. Example 1: Mode: Create Point/Calculate Diameter Extents Location Rim Diameter

  13. Set Attributes/Link Features Ejecta tab Link tab Flag tab Set morphology and preservation attributes – based on Barlow Link feature polylines to points Flag selected features as complete or incomplete

  14. Scale Issues: Smallest feature to draw Reference: Tips (choose one rule, scale or feature size limit). • Scale – if you know your final scale (for printing or sharing results), then: • Try not map more than 2 to 5 times your final scale. If final map to be at: • 1:1M then try not to zoom below 1:200K to 1:500K • Don’t collect features which will be less than 1mm (at that scale). Thus • 1mm at 1:1M = 1km. Don’t map anything less than 1km. (appropriate for THEMIS IR or WAC, 100m/p) • 1mm at 1:25K = 25m(appropriate for HiRISE or LROC NAC, ~1m/p) • Feature size limits • Rule of thumb – don’t collect features which are less then 3-5 pixels (or 3x3) depending on image quality. If low quality then up the number of pixels needed. For WAC anything less than ~400 meters (4 pixels). • Vertex spacing (for streaming) • recommend line work have a vertex spacing of ~0.3 mm at map scale (equivalent to 300 m for a 1:1M scale map).

  15. Nomenclature • Shapefile downloads now support proper diacritical marks. • Examples: À ü Ž î Ė • New versions: • Publish a tutorial on how to convert Jenny’s streamed nomenclature (available in her PDFs) to ArcMap. • Trick is to export to DXF (Cad) format. • Why cool • once converted, names support different map projections • Pre-approved by Jenny • Future: release these as part of a mapper’s GIS package.

  16. ArcMap Data Portal Demo • ArcGIS Online Planetary Group GIS for Planetary Mappers

  17. ISIS Summary Slides From: MESSENGER MDIS Data Users’ Workshop 2013 Kris Becker Tammy Becker Trent Hare USGS Astrogeology Science Center 44th LPSC March 17, 2013 GIS for Planetary Mappers

  18. Over 300 image processing applications Strong emphasis on geometric functionality Photogrammetry / Camera models Cartography / Map projections Photometry Improving instrument position and orientation Image control networks Bundle adjustment (jigsaw) Digital map mosaics In use for over 30 years (PICS, ISIS2, ISIS3) Support for over 50 NASA/ESA instruments Support for MESSENGER MDIS Narrow Angle (NAC) and Wide Angle (WAC) Cameras ISIS - Integrated Software for Imagers and Spectrometers

  19. Lunar Orbiter III, IV, &, V (Medium and HiRes) Clementine UVVIS, NIR, HIRES, & LWIR Apollo Metric 15/16/17 Apollo Panoramic 15/16/17 Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter NACL, NACR, WAC (VIS & UV), MiniRF Chandrayaan-1 MiniRF Mariner 10 (A & B) MESSENGER MDIS (NAC & WAC) Kaguya MI (VIS & NIR) Dawn FC (1 & 2), VIR Mars Global Surveyor MOC (NAC & WAC) Mars Odyssey THEMIS (VIS & IR) Mars Express HRSC Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE, CTX, MARCI, CRISM Viking Orbiter 1 & 2 (A & B) Voyager 1 & 2 (NAC & WAC) Galileo SSI Cassini ISS (NAC & WAC), VIMS, RADAR Ideal Camera (Special ISIS Perfect Virtual Instrument – Distortion-Free!) Mission Instruments Supported by ISIS3 Fifty-five instruments in all!!

  20. ISIS 3.4.2 (Released Dec 2012) ISIS 3.4.3 (Scheduled Release: End of March 2013) UNIX-based Supported Platform OSes Mac OSX 10.6 and higher (32 & 64 bit Intel) Debian 6.0.2 (64 bit) Debian7 (64 bit) Fedora 16 (64 bit) Fedora 18 (64 bit) Redhat Enterprise 6.3 (64 bit) (via SL 6.3) Scientific Linux (SL) 6.3 (64 bit) SUSE Enterprise Server 11 (64 bit) Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (64 bit) Download via Internet Full distribution >200GB Selective download using rsync utility Java client installer Current ISIS Status

  21. General Information Installation Guide Table of ISIS Applications User Support Forums Online Workshops ISIS3 Documentation, Support and User Guides

  22. How To Download and Install ISIS 3 • Start at the ISIS Website • • See the ‘Install Guide’ for info on installing ISIS for your OS and platform • • Use the Java Client Installer (preferred) • rsync – . • java –jar install.jar • Or manual installation • Create ISIS3 directory (no spaces!) and then download the software and two directories there • Base data and MESSENGER mission-specific data are both required • Use rsyncto download the latest version of ISIS3 applications and data files • Example for MAC OSX 10.6 and higher (applications): • rsync-azv --delete . • Be sure to include the ‘.’ at the end!!! • Minimum requirements for MESSENGER (data), two directories: • rsync-azv--delete data/ • rsync-azv--delete data/ • Set up environment variable and run startup script (example for C/T shells) • setenvISISROOT /work1/isis3/isis • source $ISISROOT/scripts/isis3Startup.csh • Frequent updates to ISIS3 and ancillary data is recommended • Maintains ISIS system with software patches • Keeps SPICE kernels up to date for active missions • Just rerun rsyncinstallation commands above

  23. ISIS3 Application Documentation ISIS Application Documentation is organized by Functional Categories and Mission Specific Programs

  24. Executing ISIS3 Applications Application Documentation Application GUI Interface Or… Applications can be executed at the command line Command line enables key feature – batch execution See for details on this feature.

  25. ISIS3 Terminology • Level 0 • Decompressed spacecraft data • Import PDS EDR into ISIS3 • SPICE (required) • Spacecraft & Planetary ephemerides, • Instrument C-matrix and Event kernels • ISIS3 uses the NAIF ToolKit for SPICE • Level 1 • Radiometric calibration • Noise Removal(optional) • Level2 • Project image to map coordinates • Camera distortion correction applied • Level 3 • Photometric normalization (optional) • Level 4 • Mosaicking (optional) • Glossary • The user documentation for many ISIS3 applications link to a Glossary of definitions

  26. *The same map resolution and center longitude was defined for all images as required to mosaic Level 1 Calibrated with SPICE Level 2 Equirectangular Map Projection* M2 Depart Color 3x3 WAC-G Filter

  27. Level 4 MOSAICS Different Map Projections Equirectangular Orthographic Sinusoidal M2 Depart Color 3x3 WAC-G Filter

  28. Map Projection on the Web (POW)“ISIS3 in the cloud” USGS Astrogeology Trent Hare (, March 2013 – LPSC 44 (Team: Scott Akins, Bob Sucharski, Janet Richie, Mark Bailen, Jordan Shute, Jeff Anderson)

  29. POW Overview • POW will provide users with calibrated cartographic images that can be used for geologic mapping, analysis in a GIS, change detection, merging of dissimilar instrument images, and use in a host of other scientific applications (e.g., ArcMAP, QGIS, ENVI, Matlab, JMARS, etc.). Not unique – grew from ideas like Map-a-Planet and ASU’sTHMPROC LPSC 44th

  30. Why Do We Need POW? • Analysis of surficial features should be on calibrated and geometrically corrected data. • Many users do not have the time to learn how to use ISIS • These same users do have a use for map projected PDS images in file formats that work in their preferred research tools or for figures in abstracts and papers. LRO MiniRF Level 1 LRO MiniRF Level 1 Projected onto sphere Projected onto sphere Projected onto DEM Projected onto DEM LPSC 44th

  31. Supported Instruments (current) • Odyssey THEMIS IR • Mariner 10 VID A • Mariner 10 VID B • Mars Express HRSC • Mars Global Surveyor MOC-NA • Mars Global Surveyor MOC-WA • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter CTX • Viking VIS 1A • Viking VIS 1B • Viking VIS 2A • Viking VIS 2B • Voyager NAC 1 • Voyager WAC 1 • Voyager NAC 2 • Voyager WAC 2 • Clementine HIRES • Clementine NIR • Clementine UV/VIS • Messenger MDIS-NAC • Messenger MDIS-WAC • Cassini ISSNA • Cassini ISSWA • Galileo Orbiter SSI Support currently depends on ISIS3 LPSC 44th

  32. Integrated Tools ISIS3 - Integrated Software for Imagers and Spectrometers (version 3) is an image processing software package. Manipulates imagery (using SPICE and created camera models) for planetary missions. PILOT and UPC – The Planetary Image LOcator Tool is a web based search tool for the Unified Planetary Coordinate (UPC) database of the Planetary Data System. PILOT features SPICE-corrected image locations and searching capabilities using a navigable map, user selectable image constraints (e.g., incidence angle, solar longitude, pixel resolution and phase angle), and facilitates bulk downloads and/or image processing using POW. GDAL – Geospatial Data Abstraction Library is used for conversion from ISIS (version 3) format to GeoTiff, GeoJpeg2000, Jpeg, and PNG. Conversion to PDS (compatible) format is handled by ISIS. LPSC 44th

  33. How to Select Images to Process • Users will be able to select a set of up to 50 image files (at one run) to be map projected either through: • Searches from PILOT ( • Eventually browsing the PDS Imaging Node holdings at the USGS ( LPSC 44th

  34. PILOT The Planetary Image Locator Tool (PILOT) is a web-based interface that provides a robust search interface for several Planetary Data System (PDS) image catalogs available from the Unified Planetary Coordinates (UPC) database. • The PILOT interface complements other PDS data search tools and many mission supported tools • e.g. • PDS Imaging Node’s Planetary Image Atlas, • • PDS Geosciences Node’s Orbital Data Explorer, • LPSC 44th

  35. PILOT - Walkthrough 1. Select Supported Body LPSC 44th

  36. PILOT - Walkthrough 2. Select Instrument -- (CTX) CTX LPSC 44th

  37. PILOT - Walkthrough 3. Use wrench (advanced tab) to constrain images parameter histograms LPSC 44th

  38. PILOT - Walkthrough 4. Use map polygon to constrain images SEARCH LPSC 44th

  39. PILOT - Walkthrough 5. Select and interact with images LPSC 44th

  40. PILOT - Walkthrough 6. Select download script or process in POW Download or Process in POW LPSC 44th

  41. POW – Submission Walkthrough Listed Images LPSC 44th

  42. POW – Submission Walkthrough Name the job LPSC 44th

  43. POW – Submission Walkthrough Output Resolution (optional) -- Chose Bands (single, RGB, ALL) LPSC 44th

  44. POW – Submission Walkthrough Choose projection LPSC 44th

  45. POW – Submission Walkthrough Choose Download Format and Stretch LPSC 44th

  46. POW – Created Products • Users will receive an e-mail notification and can access the generated products through the POW web site. These products include: • A .zip archive of all the files created • Individual download links for the image products, GIS headers, and other supporting data files • A text document which: • Identifies any errors which occurred • Lists the ISIS3/GDAL commands which were used to create the products. * Allows user to learn ISIS using POW recommended workflows. LPSC 44th

  47. POW – How Does it Work? LPSC 44th

  48. POW – How Products are Created LPSC 44th

  49. Planned Future Add-ons • Use case “Wizards” for GIS users, ISIS users, Matlab, etc. • Non-linear stretches • Multi-image tone matching • Automated image registration • Mosaic creation LPSC 44th