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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

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  1. Chapter 8 • Develop a Tentative Thesis Statement and Outline 山东滨州学院外语系

  2. Chapter 8 • 1. Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas • 2. Writing a Tentative Thesis Statement • 3. Writing a preliminary outline

  3. 1. Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas (1) How to read a book .A simple and efficient way to do this is to scan the front and back covers, the introduction, the table of contents, and the index.

  4. 1. Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas (2) Factors to determine the reliability of sources ① The author • The author’s reputation is the best criterion for judging the reliability of a source.

  5. 1. Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas ② The publisher • The more established and well-known the publisher, the less likely it will be to publish unreliable works.

  6. 1. Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas ③ Date of publication • The year in which the book was published is indicated on the bottom of the title page. The more recent the date of publication, the more up-to-date the content.

  7. 1. Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas • ④ Periodicals • Signed articles with the author’s credit. • ⑤ Content

  8. 2. Writing a Tentative Thesis Statement (1) The definition of thesis statement • A thesis statement should be expressed in “a single sentence that formulates both your topic and your own point of view toward it.”

  9. 2. Writing a Tentative Thesis Statement (2) The major features of an effective thesis statement • ① be specific • ② use your own ideas • ③ be sure you can build an argument • ④ phrase it in a single, direct sentence

  10. 3. Writing a preliminary outline (1)The role of an outline An outline is an orderly plan, in writing, showing the division and arrangement of ideas. Its principal function is to indicate the relationships of ideas to each other, to show which are important and which are subordinate

  11. 3. Writing a preliminary outline (2) how to write an outline • To draw up a plan that will act as a blueprint. • To put your thoughts down on paper with the idea that you will be reviewing this outline and eliminating items that are not pertinent.

  12. 3. Writing a preliminary outline • To determine the order according to your subject. • To keep the thesis statement before you consistently and list those topics that you think should be discused in your paper.

  13. 3. Writing a preliminary outline • After listing all possible topics, you should check each one against your thesis statement, asking yourself, “Will this help to prove my thesis?” If the answer is no, then that topic should be eliminated. The remaining topics should be organized in a logical order.

  14. Thank You ! 山东滨州学院外语系