BELLWORK • List three characteristics of the Ice Age. • Define nomadic. “Human Origins” page 20 • Scientists use the Latin word Homo which means “human” to categorize hominids….describe the three species of Homo in prehistoric times. “Hunter-Gatherers” pages 21-22 • How did early Homo Erectus get food? • Where did Homo Erectus migrate? How do scientists know this? • How was language used by Homo Erectus?
The Iceman • September 19, 1991: Helmut and Erika Simon hiking near the Austria/Italian border • Saw a head and shoulders emerging from the ice. • Scientists dug it out of the glacier and discovered that the iceman was at least 5,000 years old! (Oldest body ever retrieved from a glacier) • He was named “Ötzi the Iceman” after the region in which he was discovered.
The Iceman’s remains were preserved through a combination of factors: Altitude 10,530 feet After he died, the ditch where he lay was filled with snow. For thousands of years, a glacier covered this pocket of snow. This caused the iceman to be naturally mummified. Ötzi the Iceman
Culture: the way of life of a group of people. (Ex: knowledge, language, ways in which they eat and dress, religion, art, etc.) Earliest aspect of culture – use of tools. Use of stone tools eventually led to the Stone Age. (12,000BC – 8,000BC) Human Culture
Appearance of Homo Sapiens • 200,000 B.C. • Neanderthals: first homo sapiens originated in Africa and spread to Europe/Asia • Nomadic hunter-gatherers who were more advanced in tool making, medicine, and culture. • Cro-Magnons: originated in Europe • Made further advances in tools and hunting.
5,000B.C. Characterized by the end of the ice age & appearance of grasslands. Shift from hunter-gatherers to producing their own food. Neolithic Revolution
Neolithic Village Reading • To learn more about the importance of the Neolithic Revolution, you are going to read pages 22-25 • Answer the 5 discussion questions in your notes. • Be ready to discuss your answers with the class. • What was the Neolithic Revolution? • What were some characteristics of the Neolithic time period? • Where were the earliest civilizations located? Why? • How was the government set up in early cities? • In ancient civilizations, what was writing used for?
Timeline Review • Now that you have learned about the origin of humans, culture, and technology, you are going to create a review timeline. • The timeline will span from 5,000,000 BC to 1 BC. • Include all the important events/time periods and a description of each. • Do this in your notes! • Events to include: • First appearance of hominids • Stone Age • Emergence of Homo Erectus • Ice Age • Emergence of Homo Sapiens • Neolithic Revolution
Neolithic Village Project • Now that you know all the characteristics and traits of the Neolithic Revolution, you are going to create your own Neolithic Village. • Must demonstrate all characteristics of a Neolithic Village. • Be sure to use pictures, color, and labels! • If you use symbols, you must include a key!
CLOSURE • Where did humans originate? • What was the Ice Age? • What was the Stone Age? • What is the difference between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons?