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  1. Academic Vocabulary

  2. Academic Vocabulary If your goal is to read academic writing (college textbooks, etc) and write academic papers (essays, etc), you can save yourself a lot of time and effort by focusing on academic vocabulary

  3. What is Academic Vocabulary? Academic Vocabulary is a specialized vocabulary of 570 word families that commonly appear in all academic textbooks, regardless of major field of study

  4. In general vocabulary learning, to go from 80% understanding to 86% understanding would require you to learn 2,000 more word families In academic vocabulary learning, to go from 80% understanding to 86% understanding would require you to learn 570 more word families Academic Vocabulary Learning

  5. Do you think studying academic vocabulary will be helpful?

  6. This semester, we will focus on learning academic vocabulary

  7. Academic Vocabulary In each unit this semester, approximately 100 word families from the academic word list will appear.

  8. Keeping 4 principles in mind will help you develop your vocabulary as much as possible this semester

  9. Vocabulary Learning Strategies

  10. In order to develop your vocabulary, you should keep 4 main principles in mind

  11. 4 Main Principles Number 1 You should be active in developing your understanding of words and ways to learn them

  12. Active Learning Strategies • Semantic Mapping: Making a graphic representation of the relationship between words

  13. Semantic Mapping desertification deforestation climate change global warming erosion extinction of species air pollution water pollution

  14. Active Learning Strategies • Definition Mapping: Working with grammar, meaning, and sample sentences

  15. Active Learning Strategies • Grouping: Recognizing the relatedness of a word to other words

  16. massive extensive Words that Describe Large Scale enormous huge immense vast Grouping

  17. 4 Main Principles Number 2 You should personalize your vocabulary learning

  18. Personalized Learning Strategies • Choosing words: Identify key concepts and the words required to understand these concepts

  19. Personalized Learning Strategies • Choosing words: Identify important terms you need to learn

  20. Personalized Learning Strategies • Choosing words: Identify meaningful similarities and differences among the concepts / words being studied

  21. Personalizing words • Node Acquisition and Integration Technique (NAIT): • Students identify key concepts or important terms they need to learn within a text. • Students construct a semantic network around each of the selected key concepts. • Students think of examples or potential applications of the key concepts and record these examples on the definition worksheet. • Students identify meaningful similarities and differences among the different concepts being studied.

  22. 4 Main Principles Number 3 You should be immersed in words

  23. Immersion in Words • Opportunities: Put yourself in a word- and language-rich environment

  24. Immersion in Words • Opportunities: Become aware of words and how they are used in the input you receive

  25. Immersion in Words • Opportunities: Try to use new / interesting words in your speaking and writing

  26. 4 Main Principles Number 4 You should use multiple sources of information to learn words through repeated exposures

  27. Repeated Exposure • Opportunities: Watch television news / programs that are related to the topic of environment

  28. Repeated Exposure • Opportunities: Read newspaper / magazine articles related to the topic on environment

  29. Repeated Exposure • Opportunities: Discuss environment-related topics with friends, family, classmates, etc

  30. Summary4 Principles of Vocabulary Learning • You should be active in developing your understanding of words and ways to learn them • You should personalize your word learning • You should be immersed in words • You should use multiple sources of information to learn words through repeated exposures

  31. Keeping these 4 principles in mind will help you develop your vocabulary as much as possible this semester

  32. Two important elements of vocabulary learning • Quality: How well do you know each word?

  33. Quality Goal: To improve how much you know about each word

  34. Quality • Spoken Form: What does the word sound like? How is it pronounced?

  35. Quality • Written Form: What does the word look like? How is it written?

  36. Quality • Meaning: What meaning does this form of the word have? for example: consider vs. considerably individual vs. individualism

  37. Quality • Concepts: What things can the concept refer to? for example: fertile soil fertile mind

  38. Quality • Associations: What other words does this word make you think of? for example: fundamentally - basically vast - massive - huge - extensive

  39. Quality • Grammatical Patterns: In what patterns does the word occur? • transitive vs. intransitive verbs • two-word verbs: opt out of • prepositions: interest in, responsible for • relative clauses: suggest that, conclude that

  40. Quality • Collocations: What words or type of words occur with this word? for example: • complex problem • complex issue • complex person • complex idea

  41. Quality • Restrictions on use (register differences): Where, when, and how often would you expect to meet this word? for example: ethos, kin, institutionalize = formal academic words

  42. Quantity Goal: To increase the number of words you know

  43. Quantity Educated adult native speakers of English know approximately 20,000 word families

  44. Quantity College freshman ESL students know approximately 2,000 - 3,000 word families

  45. Quantity If you know the most frequent 1,000 words of English, you should be able to understand 72% of the words on the page of a book, newspaper, or magazine

  46. Quantity If you know the most frequent 2,000 words of English, you should be able to understand 80% of the words on the page of a book, newspaper, or magazine

  47. Quantity If you know the most frequent 3,000 words of English, you should be able to understand 84% of the words on the page of a book, newspaper, or magazine

  48. Quantity If you know the most frequent 4,000 words of English, you should be able to understand 86% of the words on the page of a book, newspaper, or magazine