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Influencing without Authority

Influencing without Authority. Rebecca Jones, MLS rebecca@dysartjones.com 905.731.5836 www.dysartjones.com. Or…. Authority without Influence?. Principles for influencing are based on social learning. Influencing is built on:. Influencers.

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Influencing without Authority

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  1. Influencing without Authority Rebecca Jones, MLS rebecca@dysartjones.com 905.731.5836 www.dysartjones.com

  2. Or…. Authority without Influence? Principles for influencing are based on social learning

  3. Influencing is built on:

  4. Influencers • Influence without Authority by Cohen and Bradford • The Art of Woo by Shell and Moussa • Influencer by Patterson & Grenny • The Influence Model in Journal of Organizational Excellence, Winter 2005 • Situation Management Systems’ Positive Power and Influence Programs www.smsinc.com • Dave Pollard How to Save the Worldblog

  5. Influencing starts with us • Wanting to learn • Seeing ourselves as influencers • Learning? • Yes…..that to change how people behave, we have to change how they think…..and that means us

  6. OH yeah! • Influencing within cross-functional teams… • The fine art of leadership, team building, politics and influencing

  7. Some underlying principles • One in ten Americans tell the other nine how to vote, where to eat, & what to buy • Passionate, informed, well-connected, articulate people with broad social networks, to whom others look for advice & recommendations • “Talkers” • Two thirds of US consumer goods sales are influenced by word-of-mouth traffic (McKinsey, May 2001) The Influentials Keller & Berry, 2003

  8. Some underlying principles • Influencers tend to be “expert” in a specific domain • Tend to be “Early Adopters” or certainly know how to build relationships with early adopters to move change through

  9. The Classic Corn Research & Early Adopters

  10. Effective influencers • Are opinion leaders • Knowledgeable about the issues being dealt with • Viewed as trustworthy • With connections • Use their knowledge & connections to help others

  11. And just a few more…. • Teams are most effective when: • There are no assumptions & clarity reigns • Every member’s talents & gifts are recognized & utilized

  12. Cohen-Bradford Influence without Authority Model Identify currencies: yours & theirs Diagnose the other person’s situation Influence through give & take Develop & deal with relationships Assume all are potential allies Clarify your goals & priorities

  13. Case study: Nettie Seabrooks Her currencies: • Credibility built through high-quality work • Competent • Placing the organization’s interests first • Building many relationships at all levels • Visibility • Trustworthy

  14. Wooing • Knowing what you want • Getting it in front of a few people • Forming, moulding & building a snowball • Following the network • One idea, one ally, one email, one conversation, one meeting, one presentation at a time

  15. Influencing is built on:

  16. Influencing skills • Know your strengths & weaknesses • Work to your strengths • Keep the organizational perspective • Critical success factor for credibility & expertise Competence

  17. Influencing skills • Get to know people, what they do, & keep in touch – regardless of level • Build trust; it’s incremental & fragile “You cannot antagonize and influence at the same time.” J.S. Knox Relationships

  18. Influencing skills • Be clear on what you want • Be clear on what you’ve got, & where your lines will be drawn • Communicate clearly, in the style of the listener Clarity

  19. “At The Table” Voice To move to the decision-making table: • Clear direction which can be articulated • Cross-functional experience • Financial understanding of ROI & investments • Presence • Rebecca Jones research for SLA Executive Institute, Information Outlook

  20. Influencing Styles • Involving – “pull” -communication style matches others’; building collaboration • Inquiring – “push” - listening carefully to identify others’ needs & ‘currencies’; to give & take • Leading – “pull” - engaging people to share stories & common grounds • Proposing – “push” - presenting possible solutions or a choice of options; structured & rational

  21. Inquiring • Based on assumption that people are more motivated by what they’ll lose • Scarcity principle: people want what they can’t have • Reciprocity principle: give & get in return • Present an idea, explaining what it is they’ll get from you or what they might lose

  22. Leading or Visioning • Based on assumption that people want to help create the solution • Requires a good blend of both expertise & credibility - & trust • Use images & metaphors, not facts & logic

  23. Proposing or Persuading • Goal is to gain real commitment • Remember the credibility card • What do they want that I can give them? • Why might they say no? • Ask for it; close the sale • “Will you commit?” • “When will you..” • Not “We hope you will….”

  24. Involving • Based on assumption that people like to be a part of what other people are involved in • Name specific individuals who are or have been involved • Works especially well if the people LIKE those who are involved • People are more influenced when they feel they are part of the process, are complimented & thanked for their contribution

  25. All styles Require: • Clarity – communication skills are critical • Competence – must know what you are doing • Relationships – must know which style to pursue

  26. Dave Pollard’s September 18, 2007 How to Save the World Blog

  27. Cross-functional Groups • Clarity: • What is the goal? Your goal? Each members goal? • What % of their time are they to work with the group? • What’s valuable for them? WIIFT? What currencies are they seeking? • What about their boss? • Bring in senior person sponsoring group to adjust clarity for group

  28. Cross-functional Groups • Relationships • Your listening & inquiry skills are more important than ever • Talk with each member • Keep people in the loop • Organizational interests come first

  29. Planning your approach • What’s your objective? • What do you know? • What do you need to know? • What style(s) will you apply? • Draft your approach • Try it & learn

  30. “Influence may be the highest level of all human skills.”

  31. Thank you Let us know how you are doing! rebecca@dysartjones.com

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