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Top ten deadliest earthquakes and volcanoes

Top ten deadliest earthquakes and volcanoes

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Top ten deadliest earthquakes and volcanoes

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  1. Top ten deadliest earthquakes and volcanoes By: Kevin Germain, Ryan Moroney, Brendan Guy

  2. Earthquakes • An Earthquake is a sudden and violent shaking of the ground as a result of the movement of tectonic plates. • The top ten earthquakes happened in:

  3. 10: San Francisco, CA • It happened on October 17th, 1989. • It killed 67 people and caused 2 billion dollars of damage. • Its magnitude was 7.1

  4. 9: Messina, Sicily • Occurred on December 28th, 1908 and caused 85,000 deaths. • The magnitude of this earthquake was 7.5.

  5. 8: Gansu, China • This earthquake occurred on December 25, 1932 • The magnitude was 7.6 • 70,000 people died

  6. 7: Northwestern Iran • It occurred on June 21 1990 • It killed 70,000 • Its Magnitude was 7.7

  7. 6: Chimbote, Peru • The Magnitude was7.75 • Occurred on May 31st, 1970 • Caused 50,000 deaths, left 800,000 homeless, and 17,000 people were missing

  8. 5: Izmit, Turkey • This earthquake occurred on August 17th, 1999 • It killed 40,000 people and caused 10 billion dollars in damage • The magnitude was 7.8

  9. 4: Mexico City, Mexico • This earthquake had a magnitude of 8.1 • It happened on September 20th, 1985 • it caused 40,000 deaths and caused 10 billion dollars of damage

  10. 3: Tokyo, Japan • The magnitude was 8.3 and this earthquake occurred on September 1st, 1923 • It killed over 140,000 people

  11. 2: Anchorage Alaska • The magnitude was 9.2 • It happened on March 28th, 1964 and killed 131 people • It cost 500 million dollars to repair the damage

  12. 1: Southern Chile • The date on which this earthquake occurred was May 29, 1960 • Its magnitude was 9.5 • There were 32,290people killed • It cost 500 million dollars to repair

  13. Volcanoes • A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust in which magma can escape • The ten most deadly volcanoes around now are:

  14. 10: Mount Lamington • This volcano is located in Papua New Guinea and is 1,680 meters high • It erupted on January 18th, 1951 on the unexpecting residents and lava continued to flow for a few more months • It killed 3,000 people overall

  15. 9: Papandayan • This volcano erupted in 1772 on the island of Java in Indonesia • It destroyed forty villages and killed 3,000 villagers

  16. 8: Kelut • Kelut is also located in Java, like Papandayan • It erupted on May 19, 1919 and killed over 5,000 people • It also started lakes of magma

  17. 7: Unzen • This volcano, standing 1,500 meters high, is actually made up of several overlapping stratovolcanoes in Kyushu, Japan • Its largest eruption was in 1792 killing 15,000 people when a tsunami was triggered from the collapsing of several lava domes

  18. 6: Ruiz • It is located in Colombia • In 1985 23,000 people died when the volcano erupted and completely covered the town • It is estimated that it caused 1,000,000,000 dollars in damage

  19. 5: Mount Pelee • In 1902, an eruption occurred that was the biggest in the 20th century. It killed over 30,000 people

  20. 4: Krakatoa • In August 1883 there were a series of extremely violent and gigantic explosions with a force of 13,000 times larger than the Hiroshima bombing • 0ver 37,000 people were killed mainly due to tsunamis, although the actual death toll is thought to be much larger.

  21. 3.Tambora In 1815, Red hot stones rained down after the volcano had erupted. The settlement was completely engulfed in lava. All vegetation on the island was destroyed. In total, over 71,000 people died

  22. 2. Mount Vesuvius • It killed up to 25,000 people • It erupted in AD79 it completely burned down the town of Pompeii below

  23. 1: Laki • It is located in Iceland and has been dormant since 1783 • It is 1,725 meters in diameter] • It caused great damage including killing 50% of the cows on Iceland and 25% of the population from the famine. • It also caused clouds of ash to spread over Europe and the aerosols built up caused it to become colder that winter.