Top Ten Deadliest Earthquakes and Volcanoes By: Bridghid Kelly, Elahni Martinez, Andral Scarlett
What are Earthquakes and Volcanoes • Earthquake: An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. (Wikipedia) • Volcanoes: A volcano is an opening, or rupture, in a planet's surface or crust, which allows hot magma, volcanic ash and gases to escape from below the surface. (Wikipedia)
Tenth Deadliest Earthquake:Chimbote, Peru • Occurrence: May 31, 1970 • Magnitude: 7.9 • Epicenter: 15 miles away from city, in Pacific. • Damage: Many of the people in this village; approximately 70,000 died and about 800,000 left homeless. The Huascaran mountain, destroyed whole villages.
Ninth Deadliest Earthquake: Messina, Italy • Occurrence: December 28, 1908 • Magnitude: 7.5 • Depth: 40 feet • Casualties: 80,000 • Damage: Thousands were killed and dozens of towns destroyed. Many transported to the north, relocating and fleeing their country.
Eight Deadliest Earthquake: Kashmir, Pakistan • Occurrence: October 8, 2005 • Magnitude: 7.6 • Casualties: 79,000 • Damage: Other than killing thousands, the earthquake left even more people homeless. Also, all the damage done made it hard for crews to rescue the injured.
Seventh Deadliest Earthquake:Sichuan Province, China • Occurrence: August 30, 2008 • Magnitude: 7.9 • Casualties: 87,000 • Damage: This earthquake destroyed millions of buildings. Among these many buildings were schools. Any child in a school that collapsed was crushed, an estimated total of 10,000 children.
Sixth Deadliest Earthquake: Turkmenistan • Occurrence: October, 1948 • Magnitude: 7.3 • Casualties: 1110,000 • Damage: thousands of nurses and other medical personnel flooded from Moscow and other cities. Many people lost lives and homes and villages were perished.
Fifth Deadliest Earthquake Kanto, Japan • Occurrence: September 1, 1923 • Magnitude: 7.9 • Depth: 40 feet ( 12 m.) • Casualties: 143,000 • Damage: 90% of the Yokohama’s buildings were reportedly damaged or ruined, two-fifths of Tokyo's population was destroyed.
Fourth Deadliest Earthquake Haiyuan, China • Occurrence: December 16, 1920 • Magnitude:7.8 • Casualties: 200,000 • Damage: This earthquake sent rivers flowing of their usual courses, which, in turn, caused landslides in many different places.
Third Deadliest Earthquake:Indian Ocean Tsunami • Occurrence: December 26, 2004 • Magnitude: 9.2 • Casualties: 227,898 • Damage: The epicenter being in the Indian Ocean, the earthquake sent waves as high as fifty feet towards coasts.
Second Deadliest Earthquake:Tangshan, China • Occurrence: July 28, 1976 • Magnitude: 7.8 • Casualties: 700,000 • Damage: In cities that only felt the tremor of that quake 85% of the buildings collapsed. Needless to say anybody who was in a building where the earthquake did take place were buried under the ruins of buildings.
First Deadliest Earthquake:Shaanxi, China • Occurrence: January 23, 1556 • Magnitude: 8.0 • Casualties: 830,000 • Damage: From the massive strength, and landslides an area of about 500 miles was taken out.
Tenth Deadliest Volcano:Mount Vesuvius, Italy • Occurrence of Eruption: August 24 AD 79 • Casualties: 3,360 • Duration: 19 hours • Damage: Destroyed the Roman cities; Herculaneum and Pompeii.
Ninth Deadliest Volcano:Mount Vesuvius, Italy • Occurrence of Eruption: December 1631 • Casualties: 3,500 • Damage: this eruption took on almost 3,500 residents and their village settlements.
Eighth Deadliest Volcano:Galunggung, Indonesia • Occurrence of Eruption: 1882 • Casualties: 4,011 • Damage: thousands of lives were lost. Many houses were damaged, and it brought the great horrors of acid rain the this country.
Seventh Deadliest Volcano:Kelut, Indonesia • Occurrence of Eruption: 1919 • Casualties: 5,110 • Damage: killed about 5,000 people. Lives have been lost and many items that were built by the people, for the people had been destroyed. Great mudslides also occurred.
Sixth Deadliest Volcano:Laki, Iceland • Occurrence of Eruption: June 8,1783 • Casualties: 9,350 • Damage: Ravaged the livestock, flooded the plains, pushed the populace to their doom by famine
Fifth Deadliest Volcano:Mount Unzen, Japan • Occurrence of Eruption : 1792 • Casualties: 14,300 • Damage: this eruption triggered megatsunami which killed thousands of people.
Fourth Deadliest Volcano:Mount Ruiz, Colombia • Occurrence of Eruption: October 1985 • Casualties: 25,000 • Volcanic Explosive Index: 3 • Damage: a great mudslide occurred and ruined thousands of homes. Many families had been separated. Thousands lost lives.
Third Deadliest Volcano:Mount Pelee, Martinique • Occurrence of Eruption: April 25 - May 1902 • Casualties: 30,000 • Damage: a dark black cloud covered the whole entire city, also claiming many other vitcums due to its sheer heat.
Second Deadliest Volcano:Krakatoa Volcanic Island, Indonesia • Occurrence of Eruption: August 1883 • Casualties: 36,417 • Damage: Destroyed the whole entire city of Merak. Two-thirds of their country had been wiped out. • Volcanic Explosive Index: 6
First Deadliest Volcano:Mount Tambora, Indonesia • Occurrence of Eruption: April 1815 • Casualties: 92,000 • Volcanic Explosive Index: 7 • Damage: much destruction of the crops and their famine in the Northern Hemisphere,