Airport Compatible Land Use Marlene L. Gafrick, Director City of Houston Planning & Development Department Eric Potts, Deputy Director of Planning, Design & Construction City of Houston, Houston Airport System
FAA LETTER • Federal airport development grant agreements require City to adopt measures to ensure land development compatible with airport operations. • Protect FAA’s investment of $667 million since 1983. • Federal assistance for future airport development and buy-outs may be limited without controls.
HOUSTON AIRPORT SYSTEM’S IMPACT The three combined assets of Bush Intercontinental, Hobby and Ellington contribute more than $24 billion to Houston’s economy annually. More than 387,000 metric tons of air cargo and 52 million passengers were served by the Houston Airport System in 2007. 4th-largest multi-airport system in the U.S. and the 6th-largest in the world. $3.6 billion invested through CIP since 1986 and $2.3 billion in projects planned through CIP.
LEGISLATIVE REVIEW • Amended Chapter 211 and 241 of the Local Government Code in 2007 - Clarified no zoning referendum needed to adopt airport land use regulations. • Reviewed measures adopted by other airports. • Same statute (in place more than 50 years) that allows the City to enact height hazard restrictions allows us to adopt compatible land use restrictions.
LAND USE CONCERNS IN AIRPORT PROXIMITY • At IAH Bush, new residential development encroaches on key runway noise zones. • Recent Cases: • Greens Glen. This proposed subdivision will be located on centerline of a future runway, partly within the runway protection zone and mostly within the runway’s future DNL (noise) 65 contour and Tier 1. • Northport Park – This proposed subdivision will be partially located in Tier 2.
CREATION OF 3 TIERS • Tier 1 – Primarily based on future noise contours,including 65 DNL extended to property line boundaries • Tier 2 – Followed natural boundaries (i.e. streets, bayous, etc.) • Tier 3 – Predefined by state law (3 x 5 mile box)
Airport Compatible Land Use Planning Tiers DRAFT 6/10/08 • IAH – George Bush Intercontinental Airport Legend Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Airport Property NOTE: All acreage figures are net airport property and net each Tier FM 1960 Northport Park Greens Glen Beltway 8 US 59 I - 45 Hardy Toll Road
Airport Compatible Land Use Planning Tiers DRAFT 6/10/08 • HOU – William P. Hobby Airport Legend Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Airport Property NOTE: All acreage figures are net airport property and net each Tier I - 45 Pasadena Fwy I – 610 Sam Houston Tollway
Airport Compatible Land Use Planning Tiers DRAFT 6/10/08 • EFD - Ellington Field Legend Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Airport Property NOTE: All acreage figures are net airport property and net each Tier I - 45
Land Use Compatibility Matrix DRAFT – 4/18/08 Legend: * with notice Compatible Compatible Only With Soundproofing Measures Not Compatible
SOUNDPROOFING (NOISE ATTENUATION) MEASURES MAY INCLUDE: • Use of particular building materials: • Windows with specified glazing or double-lite construction • Heavier or solid-core doors with full seals and weather stripping • Insulation – specific requirements for attic, ceiling and interior wall insulation • Noise and vibration controls in residential HVAC systems
PROCESS • June • Council establishes Airport Commission (Houston Planning Commission) • June/July • Council District community meetings • July/August • Airport Commission public hearings • August/September • Council Committee on Transportation, Infrastructure and Aviation • September/October • Hearing by the full Council • Ordinance adopted by Council • Implementation
For more information • www.Fly2Houston.com • 281-233-1366 • Airport.Landuse.Regulations@CityOfHouston.Net