Nationalism USA! USA! USA! Definition: Pride and devotion for one’s nation
A Nation is NOT necessarily a Country. A COUNTRY is a political community with set borders and the power to require obedience and loyalty from its citizens. A NATION is a community of people, whose members are bound together by a sense of solidarity, and a common culture.
But a community can be both a nation and a state A nation-state is BOTHDef: a political organization within set borders and a community with a common culture, and a sense of unity
What holds a “Nation” together? Common language
What holds a “Nation” together? Shared suffering or historical past Common language
What holds a “Nation” together? Common religion Common language Shared suffering or historical past
What holds a “Nation” together? Shared vision of the future Common language Shared suffering or historical past Common Religion
What holds a “Nation” together? Common ethnicity Shared vision of the future Common language Shared suffering or historical past Common Religion
What holds a “Nation” together? Geography Shared vision of the future Common Ethnicity Common language Shared suffering or historical past Common Religion
Congress of Vienna We have to make sure that no single country wages war on the rest of Europe again. So no one country can get as strong as France was under Napoleon
Conservatives Liberals • To keep things the way they were • Monarchies • Democratic reform! • A voice in government!
The Real Congress of Vienna conservative conservative conservative conservative
The Congress of Vienna set back the clock… And redrew the political borders in Europe…
Types of Nationalism -19th Century Italy and Germany Bringing together culturally similar people who are separated by political borders -Greeks in the Ottoman Empire -French Canadians Culturally different people who resist being added to a state Culturally different people that want to join together and form a new culture and state -The U.S. (melting pot)
On the same piece of paper you wrote on earlier in class… • What is nationalism? • What did the Congress of Vienna do to the map of Europe? • How did nationalists feel about this? Why? • If we became part of Canada against our will and started a rebellion to break free, what type of nationalism would that be?
Which empires were weak? Russian
Russian Empire • Ukrainians • Poles • Lithuanians • Latvians • Estonians • Finns • Jews • Romanians • Georgians • Armenians • Turks
What did Russia do? Russification
Did it work? No!
Which empires were weak? Russian Austrian
Austrian Empire • Slovenes • Hungarians • Germans • Czechs • Slovaks • Croats • Poles • Serbs • Italians
Which empires were weak? Russian Austrian Ottoman
First nationalist group to win independence? Greece Slavs Bulgarians Greeks Armenians Ottoman Arabs
What did the Ottoman Empire do? • Genocide: the systematic killing of an entire group of people Slavs Bulgarians Greeks Armenians Ottoman Arabs
The Ottoman Empire becomes known as… • The Sick Man of Europe Slavs Bulgarians Greeks Armenians Ottoman Arabs
Slavs Bulgarians Greeks Armenians Ottoman Arabs
By the end of WWI, Russian Austrian Ottoman these empires will come to an end
What type of Nationalism Unification Separation State-Building Russian Austrian Ottoman Was going on here?
Zionism • A movement founded to promote the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine • Anti-Semitism, or discrimination against Jews, remained a huge problem in Europe in the 1800s and into the 1900s. • The leader of the movement was Theodor Herzl
Good Afternoon! Please have your homework out (the packet of worksheets) on your desk Also take a half-sheet of paper and a packet from the table
A) a strong leader with military experience • B) a deep-spirited leader that inspires others with their words • C) an intelligent leader with experience in international relations • How far would you be willing to go to unify your country (to what extreme)? • 2. Which of the following leaders do you think would be most successful in unifying a nation and WHY? Do NOT write out the question. Just number 1-2 and write your answer. For number 2, just write the letter of your choice and then a sentence or two explanation.
What two modern European nations were not even nations in the middle of the 19th Century?
Not sure? Think……. ITALY AND GERMANY
Why do you think Italy was still divided in the mid-19th century, while other European nations had been around for centuries??
Apennine Mtns acted as barrier through nation different states = different agendas/sets of values/histories Po River acted as another barrier
Nationalism the Renaissance
1850 Italy Sardinia took the lead in Italy, ruled by King Victor Emmanuel II,