Puzzles and wordplay in the language classroom Edmund Dudley
A question… ambigram
Early memories of wordplay NDNTOOCUW WRSDORCSOS CROSSWORDS COUNTDOWN BECALSBR SCRABBLE
Wordplay as culture megszentségteleníthetetlenségeskedéseitekért • Really long words • Eszperente • Jokes about names Kellemetes hely, melyben kedvedre ehetsz eleget, ellenben e nevezetes helyen teljes keresetedet elverheted. Mikor Sodorszki (mikor sodorsz ki?) MaradokaMagamura (maradok a magam ura)
Word clouds createdatwww.wordle.net
Tonguetwisters Tres tristes tigres. (Spanish) She sells sea shells by the sea shore. Red lorry, yellow lorry Three thin trees and three tall trees.
Tongue twister duels Face your partner. Choose a tongue twister. Take turns, saying it as fast as you can each time. The loser is the first one to mess up. 1. Truly rural 2. Red lorry, yellow lorry 3. Please pay promptly
Create your own tongue twister Name Verb (t) Adjective Noun Laura loves luscious lemons Barbara buys Brazilian buttons
Puns • Pun: thecleverorhumoroususe of a wordthat has more thanonemeaning, or of wordsthathavedifferentmeaningsbutsoundthesame.
Puns in jokes Do you know any jokes about sodium? Na Do you want to hear a joke about Potassium? K I would make another Chemistry joke… … but all the good ones Argon habit custom tradition
Puns – My Blackberry’s not working Puns on fruit: Can you spot five? • blackberry • juice • black spots • orange • date • apple
Rebuses • Rebus: a combination of pictures and letters which represent a word or phrase whose meaning has to be guessed. if der stand this
Dingbats • dingbat: a popular variety of rebus, often printed in newspapers or magazines DoctorDolittle
Dingbats Don’tlook back inanger
Dingbats kiss and makeup
Dingbats Long time no see!
Dingbats Allforone and oneforall!
What do you notice about this text? Noon rings out. A wasp, making an ominous sound, a sound akin to a klaxon or a tocsin, flits about. Augustus, who has had a bad night, sits up blinking and purblind. Oh what was that word (is his thought) that ran through my brain all night, that idiotic word that, hard as I'd try to pun it down, was always just an inch or two out of my grasp - fowl or foul or Vow or Voyal? Lipogram
Ozymandias I met a traveller from an antique landWho said: `Two vast and trunkless legs of stoneStand in the desert. Near them, on the sand,Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown,And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,Tell that its sculptor well those passions readWhich yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed.And on the pedestal these words appear --"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!"Nothing beside remains. Round the decayOf that colossal wreck, boundless and bareThe lone and level sands stretch far away.'
Ozymandias – in lipogram form I know a pilgrim from a distant land Who said: Two vast and sawn-off limbs of quartz Stand on an arid plain. Not far, in sand Half sunk, I found a facial stump, drawn warts And all; its curling lips of cold command Show that its sculptor passions could portray Which still outlast, stamp’d on unliving things, A mocking hand that no constraint would sway: And on its plinth this lordly boast is shown: “Lo, I am Ozymandias, king of kings: Look on my works, O Mighty, and bow down!” ‘Tis all that is intact. Around that crust Of a colossal ruin, now windblown, A sandstorm swirls and grinds it into dust. (G. Adair)
Don’t say it! A: Interview your partner. Ask any question you want. Try to get her/him to say one of the following words: B: Answer your partner’s questions without using any of the words above! yes no black white
Lipogram dialogues: on the motorway A: You are the driver. You don’t want to stop. B: You are the passenger. You need to answer a ‘call of nature’ Act out the conversation – no words containing the letter E allowed!
Freedom through constraint? Taboo wordto be described taboo words
Describe the word! wordto be described taboo words
Freedom through constraint? Compulsory phrases Writing a letter to a hotel • Making a booking • Asking for information about facilities • Asking for directions Includethephrases: “a whisker from the beard of Charles Darwin” and “a warm glass of Sri Lankan mango juice ”
What do these sentences have in common? • The quick brown fox jumpsover the lazy dog • Brown jars prevented the mixture from freezing too quickly. • Farmer _ac_realized that big yellow _ _ilts were expensive Jack quilts Pangram
What do you notice about these words and phrases? reviver racecar civic • A man, a plan, a canal – Panama! • Was it a rat I saw? • Sums are not set as a test on Erasmus Finish the palindrome: Mr Owl ate my metal ______ Never odd or ______ Dammit, I’m ______! Palindrome worm even mad
Find the connection orchestra carthorse Anagram
Anagrams Can you remember these? Tom Marvolo Riddle = I am Lord Voldemort O, Draconian devil! = Leonardo da Vinci Oh, lame saint! = The Mona Lisa
Favourite anagrams • Dormitory • Desperation • The Morse Code • Slot Machines • Eleven plus two = Dirty Room = A rope ends it = Here Come Dots = Cash Lost in'em = Twelve plus one
To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, = In one of the Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten.
Spoonerisms Rev. W. A. Spooner (1844–1930), Warden of New College, Oxford Spoonerism: a mistake in which you change around the first sounds of two words by mistake when saying them, often with a humorous result • "Three cheers for our queer old dean! " • "A well-boiled icicle" • "You have hissed all my mystery lectures. You have tasted a whole worm. Please leave Oxford on the next town drain."
Tom Swifties A Tom Swifty is wordplay in which an adverb relates both properly and punningly to a speech act: "I'll have a martini," said Tom, drily. "Who discovered radium?" asked Marie curiously. "That's the last time I'll stick my arm in a lion's mouth," the lion-tamer said off-handedly. "Your Honour, you're crazy!" said Tom judgementally. "The doctor had to remove my left ventricle," said Tom half-heartedly. "Don't let me drown in Egypt!" pleaded Tom, deep in denial.
Who said it? And about what? “the most serene and civilized way of wasting time that I, now nearing 80, have as yet discovered.” Colin Dexter • Author of Inspector Morse • Winner of national cryptic crossword competitions
How do the clues work? The Clue: People bothered about language in Mass – those devoted to the Virgin (11 letters) The Solution: GRAMMARIANS How you get the solution: A word meaning mass (GRAM) and a word meaning those devoted to the Virgin (MARIANS) are put together to give you a word meaning people bothered about language (GRAMMARIANS)
Clues with anagrams Slipped a disc - it’s cruel (8 letters) This indicates something is out of position – an anagram! There are eight letters in the solution; The solution means cruel Can you solve it? SADISTIC Arranged robes like a judge (5 letters) SOBER
Clues with anagrams Revolutionary colours invisible for the bloody right-wing politician (6,10) SILVIO BERLUSCONI
Clues with double meanings Fellow from Exeter, say, has footwear to put on (6,3) OXFORD DON
Clues that require lateral thinking! Make J-U-M-P in wonder (10 letters) SPELLBOUND
Some celebrated clues O (4,6) _O_E - _E_T_R LOVE LETTER Amundsen’s forwarding address (4) _U_H MUSH ABCDEFG…PQRSTUVWXYZ (5) _A_E_ WATER (H2O)