Teaching Children with ADHD By Brandi Parkinson
What is ADHD • Lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the brain and results in a variety of inappropriate and maladaptive behaviors. • Not a disease • It’s a processing deficit that results in children having difficulty with inhibitory control • Underdeveloped parts of the brain • Control brain • Stop inappropriate behavior • Not their fault
Main Symptoms and Subtypes Symptoms Subtypes Hyperactivity Impulsivity Inattention Must be present before age 7 Affect social or academic functioning Inattentive Hyperactive/Impulsive Combined Inattentive Hyperactive/Impulsive
Diagnosed • Criteria must be met according to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual. • Must display several behavioral symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention in more than one setting and over a six-month period.
Difficulties They Face • Reading • Processing • Attending to relevant information • Newspapers, texts, case studies, and slide presentations • Often labeled • Homework assignments • Failing at tasks
Strategies Cognitive High-interest and student selected materials Preview difficult words/phrases Break texts into small components, highlight relevant information, allow time
Strategies Cont. Affective Encourage positive self-talk and affirmations Use humor Avoid sarcasm Take a personal interest, acknowledge accomplishments, greet them warmly
Strategies Cont. Social/Behavioral Provide hands on activities Reward overactive students with small motor breaks Encourage questions Facilitate student ownership of behavior
How We Can Help Parents • Support and Information • Help them understand ADHD • Provide resources • Create community connection • National Attention Deficit Disorder Association • Explain • You recognize ADHD is a disorder • This emphasizes that you recognize the child is a person first and then, a person with a disorder.
How We Can Help Parents Cont. • Maintain Communication • Weekly homework logs • Assignment sheets • Behavior charts • Listen to concerns and comments • Make suggestions and give positive statements • Develop Strategies • Guide in displaying rules • Managing behavior • Implement rewards and consequences
Conclusion • By applying the strategies suggested, we as teachers will be better able to meet the needs of students with ADHD and prepare them for academic and social success as citizens of the twenty-first century.
Resources Taylor, H.E., & Larson, S. (1998). Teaching children with ADHD—what do elementary and.. Social Studies, 89(4), 161. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. http://www.add.org/site/PageServer for the National Attention Deficit Disorder Association.