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History of the Australian Army Cadets

History of the Australian Army Cadets

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History of the Australian Army Cadets

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  1. History of the Australian Army Cadets

  2. Learning Objective By having an understanding of the history and organisation of the Australian Army Cadets, you as a member, will be better equipped to be part of the AAC in its present day form and to better understand the aims of Cadet Training. Reference: AAC Training Manual

  3. The early days • Linked to the early military history of Australia • Military Drill in some schools as early as 1834 • NSW claim to have originated cadets in Australia

  4. The early days • Reverend George Fairfowl MacArthur • Ordained in Sydney in 1848 and appointed Garrison Chaplain at Victoria Barracks, Paddington in 1848 • 11th (North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot • first regiment garrisoned at Victoria Barracks • Minister at St Marks Church from 1852 • Established St Marks Collegiate School • William Dalmas observed cadet training schemes in England’s public schools

  5. The early days • Feb 1866 - Proposal to institute a corps of cadets • “to create in the minds and habits of our youth a desire and aptitude for the service of the country” • “fewer accidents would arise from the incautious use of fire arms if our youth were properly trained and disciplined to be careful and methodical in handling them” • “promotion to the use of the rifle in the Corps would impart an interest to the daily drill” • “a spirit where the lads … would become invaluable members of the Volunteer Force”

  6. The early days • 29 March 1866 - Approval granted • Captain Dalmas appointed OC of the Cadet Corps at Macquarie Fields • 1868 - Transferred to Kings School and renamed The Kings School Cadet Corps by Royal assent in August 1868

  7. Growth • 1870 - 200 cadets in NSW schools • 1871 - 850 cadets in NSW schools • 1872 - NSW Council of Education decided OOCs should have instruction in drill also • 1883 - 22 school units established in NSW

  8. Growth • 1885 - first Catholic School became a cadet unit • Shooting competitions popular • Gained popularity among eastern colonies • Cadets continues to prosper until the economic depression in 1890

  9. Growth • Some schools disbanded or re-formed before Federation • By 1900 cadet units in NSW, QLD, VIC and TAS • Not until 1908 after Federation WA and SA formed cadet units

  10. Melbourne’s version • Dispute over origin of cadets • Scotch College boys regularly drilled by Sergeant Major Cleary in 1850s • 1867 CAPT Frederick Thomas Sargood charged with forming a body of cadets to welcome HRH The Duke of Edinburgh

  11. Melbourne’s version • 23 January 1885, LTCOL Sargood approved and gazetted the formation of the Victorian Cadet Corps • Mid 1885, nearly 2,000 cadets enrolled throughout Victoria

  12. Ceremonial Parades • Queens Birthday parades • Guards of Honour • Passing Out parades • Remembrance Sunday Parades • ANZAC parades

  13. Bivouacs • 1872 - first encampments and bivouacs held • 1875 - cadet units enter into mock battles • Camps continually held from 1887 until end of 1890s

  14. Moving on • 16th July 1906 - Commonwealth Cadet Corps raised • Defence Act of 1910 embodied Corps for universal military training • Cadets to be medically fit and between 14-18 years old

  15. Moving on • 1929 - Suspension of Universal Military Training - Division of cadets • Regimental detachments of Senior cadets, affiliated with the Militia Forces • Detachment of Senior cadets, not affiliated with the Militia Forces

  16. Moving on • 1939 WW II withdraws PMF staff from cadets • 1941 Regular Army staff back with cadets • Affiliation between cadets and militia

  17. Moving on • 1939 - 4,600 cadets • 1941 - 10,000 cadets • 1944 - 13,000 cadets • December 1944 - approval to issue uniforms at public expense • 1945 - approval for annual camp expenses paid from Army vote

  18. Moving on • 1951 - title Australian Cadet Corps first officially adopted • 24th May 1963 - Duke of Edinburgh became Colonel-in-Chief • 2nd May 1970 - Banner presented to Corps of 46,000 cadets in Australia and PNG

  19. Moving on • 1975 - cadets disbanded • 1st October 1976 cadets re-raised • responsibility given to schools and community • 1981 - Australian Cadet Corps strength 20,650

  20. Today • Australian Defence Force Cadets • Australian Army Cadets (AAC) • Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) • Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC) • Aim • “to better equip young people for community life by fostering initiative, leadership, discipline and loyalty through training programs which are also designed to simulate an interest in the Services”

  21. Summary • Relevance • The history of the Corps is important for all members to be aware of and gain an understanding of the aims of Cadet Training • To better equip you to be a better member of the corps today

  22. Questions ?