Strengths & Weaknesses Short Summary of the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Classical, Behavioral and Political Business Approaches
The Classical Approach - Strengths • Increased productivity through division of labour • Set of rational rules & regulations due to clear lines of authority & accountability • Formal rules & regulations aid the assurance of fairness and consistency regarding business operation
The Classical Approach - Weaknesses • The theories do not promote organizational flexibility • Leadership is autocratic– less commitment from workers • Boredom due to division of labor increased absenteeism • Traditional narrow spans of control are expensive • The levels of management hierarchy slows down decision-making.
The Behavioural Approach - Strengths • Emphasis on HR importance in success of a business • Democratic management & empowerment of employees workers have more control over jobs, leads to job satisfaction • Identifies advantages of working in teams • Up to 40% productivity increase • Cost savings • More consumer-focused attitudes • Delayering can increase efficiency
The Behavioural Approach - Weaknesses • Early theories were not supported by research evidence • No evidence to support that flatter organizations are either cheaper or more effective to run • Difficult to cater for all individual needs. • Teams are not the answer to all problems
The Political Approach - Strengths • Identifies that businesses are made up of different groups of people try to have control over decision-making processes to achiever personal goals • Identifies not all decisions appear rational compromises have to be made • Analysis of behaviour in political framework predict actions of others • Use this to formulate strategies to gain advantages • Inclusion of stakeholder interests in business decisions
The Political Approach - Weaknesses • Power and authority are not always related. • This makes the sources of power and influence difficult to identify • Power is difficult to understand and almost impossible to measure.